The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, situated on the grounds that surround Queen's Park. It was founded by royal charter in 1827 as King's College, the first institution of higher learning in Upper Canada. Originally controlled by the Church of EnglandSony PCG-71313M battery, the university assumed the present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution. As a collegiate university, it comprises twelve colleges that differ in character and history, each retaining substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs.
Academically, the University of Toronto is noted for influential movements and curricula in literary criticism and communication theory, known collectively as the Toronto SchoolSony PCG-71212M battery. The university was the birthplace of insulin and stem cell research, and was the site of the first practical electron microscope, the development of multi-touch technology, the identification of Cygnus X-1 as a black hole, and the theory of NP completeness. By a significant margin, it receives the most annual research funding of any Canadian university. It is one of two members of the Association of American Universities located outside the United StatesSony PCG-71311M battery.
The Varsity Blues are the athletic teams that represent the university in intercollegiate league matches, with particularly long and storied ties to gridiron football and ice hockey. The university's Hart House is an early example of the North American student centre, simultaneously serving cultural, intellectual and recreational interests within its large Gothic-revival complexSony PCG-71213M battery.
The University of Toronto is ranked 1st in Canada and 19th worldwide in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings; 1st in Canada and 26th worldwide in the Academic Ranking of World Universities; 2nd in Canada and 23rd globally in the QS World University Rankings; and 1st in Canada and third overall in Newsweek's ranking of top institutions outside of the United StatesSony PCG-61211M battery. The university has educated two Governors General and four Prime Ministers of Canada, four foreign leaders, fourteen Justices of the Supreme Court, and has been affiliated with ten Nobel laureates.
The founding of a colonial college had long been the desire of John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada. As an Oxford-educated military commander who had fought in the American Revolutionary WarSony VAIO VPCF24Q1E battery, Simcoe believed a college was needed to counter the spread of republicanism from the United States. The Upper Canada Executive Committee recommended in 1798 that a college be established in York, the colonial capital.
A painting by Sir Edmund Walker depicts University College as it appeared in 1858.
On 15 March 1827, a royal charter was formally issued by King George IV, proclaiming "from this time one College, with the style and privileges of an UniversitySony VAIO VPCF13M1E/H battery ... for the education of youth in the principles of the Christian Religion, and for their instruction in the various branches of Science and Literature ... to continue for ever, to be called King's College." The granting of the charter was largely the result of intense lobbying by John Strachan, the influential Anglican Bishop of Toronto who took office as the first president of the college. The original three-storey Greek Revival school building was constructed on the present site of Queen's ParkSony VAIO VPCF12Z1E/BI battery.
Under Strachan's guidance, King's College was a religious institution that closely aligned with the Church of England and the British colonial elite, known as the Family Compact. Reformist politicians opposed the clergy's control over colonial institutions and fought to have the college secularized. In 1849, after a lengthy and heated debateSony VAIO VPCF12S1E/B battery, the newly-elected responsible government of Upper Canada voted to rename King's College as the University of Toronto and severed the school's ties with the church. Having anticipated this decision, the enraged Strachan had resigned a year earlier to open Trinity College as a private Anglican seminary. University College was created as the nondenominational teaching branch of the University of TorontoSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E/BI battery. During the American Civil War, the threat of Union blockade on British North America prompted the creation of the University Rifle Corps, which saw battle in resisting the Fenian raids on the Niagara border in 1866.
A Sopwith Camel aircraft rests on the Front Campus lawn in 1918, during World War I.
Established in 1878, the School of Practical Science was precursor to the Faculty of Applied Science and EngineeringSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E battery, which has been nicknamed Skule since its earliest days. While the Faculty of Medicine opened in 1843, medical teaching was conducted by proprietary schools from 1853 until 1887, when the faculty absorbed the Toronto School of Medicine. Meanwhile, the university continued to set examinations and confer medical degrees during that period. The university opened the Faculty of Law in 1887Sony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery, and it was followed by the Faculty of Dentistry in 1888, when the Royal College of Dental Surgeons became an affiliate. Women were admitted to the university for the first time in 1884.
A devastating fire in 1890 gutted the interior of University College and devoured thirty-three thousand volumes from the library, but the university restored the building and replenished its library within two yearsSony VAIO VPCF1318E/H battery. Over the next two decades, a collegiate system gradually took shape as the university arranged federation with several ecclesiastical colleges, including Strachan's Trinity College in 1904. The university operated the Royal Conservatory of Music from 1896 to 1991 and the Royal Ontario Museum from 1912 to 1968; both still retain close ties with the university as independent institutionsSony VAIO VPCF13J0E/H battery. The University of Toronto Press was founded in 1901 as the first academic publishing house in Canada. The Faculty of Forestry was established in 1907, with Bernhard Fernow as founding dean; it was the first university faculty devoted to forest science in Canada. In 1910, the Faculty of Education opened its laboratory school, the University of Toronto SchoolsSony VAIO VPCF13E8E battery. The First and Second World Wars curtailed some university activities as undergraduate and graduate men eagerly enlisted. Intercollegiate athletic competitions and the Hart House Debates were suspended, although exhibition and interfaculty games were still held. The David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill opened in 1935, followed by the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies in 1949Sony VAIO VPCF13E4E battery. The university opened satellite campuses in Scarborough in 1964 and in Mississauga in 1967. The university's former affiliated schools at the Ontario Agricultural College and Glendon Hall became fully independent as University of Guelph in 1964 and York University in 1965, respectively. Beginning in the 1980s, reductions in government funding prompted more rigorous fundraising efforts. The University of Toronto was the first Canadian university to amass a financial endowment greater than C$1 billionSony VAIO VPCF12M1E/H battery.
Soldiers' Tower, a memorial to alumni fallen in the World Wars, contains a 51-bell carillon.
The university grounds lie about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the Financial District in Downtown Toronto, and immediately south of the neighbourhoods of Yorkville and The Annex. The site encompasses 71 hectares (180 acres) bounded mostly by Bay StreetSony VAIO VPCF12F4E/H battery, Bloor Street, Spadina Avenue and College Street. An enclave surrounded by university grounds, Queen's Park contains the Ontario Legislative Building and several historic monuments. With its green spaces and many interlocking courtyards, the university forms a distinct region of urban parkland in the city's downtown core. The namesake University Avenue is a ceremonial boulevard and arterial thoroughfare that runs through downtown between Queen's Park and Front StreetSony VAIO VPCF12E1E/H battery. The Spadina, St. George, Museum, Bay, and Queen's Park stations of the Toronto subway system are located in the vicinity.
Stone pillars of the Bennett Gates mark the southern entrance of Philosopher's Walk.
The architecture is defined by a combination of Romanesque and Gothic Revival buildings spread across the eastern and central portions of campus, most of them dated between 1858 and 1929Sony VAIO VPCF11Z1E/BI battery. The traditional heart of the university, known as Front Campus, is located near the centre of the campus in an oval lawn enclosed by King's College Circle. The centrepiece is the main building of University College, built in 1857 with an eclectic blend of Richardsonian Romanesque and Norman architectural elements. The dramatic effect of this blended design by architect Frederick William Cumberland drew praise from European visitors of the timeSony VAIO VPCF24M1E battery: "Until I reached Toronto," remarked Lord Dufferin during his visit in 1872, "I confess I was not aware that so magnificent a specimen of architecture existed upon the American continent." The building was declared a National Historic Site of Canada in 1968. Built in 1907, Convocation Hall is recognizable for its domed roof and Ionic-pillared rotundaSony VAIO VPCF23S1E battery. Although its foremost function is hosting the annual convocation ceremonies, the building serves as a venue for academic and social events throughout the year. The sandstone buildings of Knox College epitomizes the North American collegiate Gothic design, with its characteristic cloisters surrounding a secluded courtyardSony VAIO VPCF231S1E battery.
The neoclassical Convocation Hall is characterized by its domed roof and Ionic-pillared rotunda.
A lawn at the northeast is anchored by Hart House, a Gothic-revival student centre complex. Among its many common rooms, the building's Great Hall is noted for large stained-glass windows and a long quotation from John Milton's Areopagitica that is inscribed around the wallsSony VAIO VPCF23Q1E battery. The adjacent Soldiers' Tower stands 143 feet (44 m) tall as the most prominent structure in the vicinity, its stone arches etched with the names of university members lost to the battlefields of the two World Wars. The tower houses a 51-bell carillon that is played on special occasions such as Remembrance Day and convocation. The oldest surviving building on campus is the former Toronto Magnetic and Meteorological Observatory building, built in 1855Sony VAIO VPCF23M1E battery. North of University College, the main building of Trinity College displays Jacobethan Tudor architecture, while its chapel was built in the Perpendicular Gothic style of Giles Gilbert Scott. The chapel features exterior walls of sandstone and interiors of Indiana Limestone, and was constructed by Italian stonemasons using ancient building methods. Philosopher's Walk is a scenic footpath that follows a meandering, wooded ravine linking with Trinity CollegeSony VAIO VPCF22S8E battery, Varsity Arena and the Faculty of Law. Victoria College is on the eastern side of Queen's Park, centred on a Romanesque main building made of contrasting red sandstone and grey limestone.
Developed after the Second World War, the western section of the campus consists mainly of modernist and internationalist structures that contain laboratories and faculty offices. The most significant example of Brutalist architecture is the massive Robarts Library complexSony VAIO VPCF22S1E battery, built in 1972 and opened a year later in 1973. It features raised podia, extensive use of triangular geometric designs and a towering fourteen-storey concrete structure that cantilevers above a field of open space and mature trees. The library is undergoing renovations to increase indoor space. The Leslie L. Dan Pharmacy Building, completed in 2006, exhibits a modern style of glass and steel by British architect Norman FosterSony VAIO VPCF22M1E battery.
Governance and colleges
Osaka University (大阪大学 Ōsaka daigaku?), or Handai (阪大 Handai?), is a major national university located in Osaka, Japan. It is the sixth oldest university in Japan as the Osaka Prefectural Medical College, and formerly one of the Imperial Universities of Japan. Numerous prominent scientists have worked at Osaka University such as the Nobel Laureate in Physics Hideki YukawaSony VAIO VPCF22L1E battery.
Academic traditions of the university reach back to Kaitokudō (懐徳堂?), an Edo-period school for local citizens founded in 1724, and Tekijuku (適塾?), a school of Rangaku for samurai founded by Ogata Kōan in 1838. The spirit of the university's humanity sciences is believed to be intimately rooted in Kaitokudo, whereas that of the natural and applied sciences, including medicine, is widely believed to be based on Tekijuku. Sony VAIO VPCF22J1E battery
Osaka University traces its origin back to 1869 when Osaka Prefectural Medical School was founded in downtown Osaka. The school was later transformed into the Osaka Prefectural Medical College with university status by the University Ordinance (Imperial Ordinance No. 388 of 1918) in 1919. The college merged with the newly-founded College of Science to form Osaka Imperial University（大阪帝國大学） in 1931Sony VAIO VPCF11S1E/B battery. Osaka Imperial University was inaugurated as the sixth imperial university in Japan. As part of the University, Osaka Technical College was later included to form the school of Engineering two years later. The university was eventually renamed Osaka University in 1947.
Merging with Naniwa High School and Osaka High School as a result of the government's education system reform in 1949Sony VAIO VPCF11M1E/H battery, Osaka University started its postwar era with five faculties: Science, Medicine, Engineering, Letters, and Law. After that, faculties, graduate schools, and research institutes have been successively established. Among these are the School of Engineering Science, the first of its kind among Japanese national universities, which draws upon the excellence of both sciences and engineering disciplinesSony VAIO VPCF11D4E battery, and the School of Human Sciences, which covers its cross-disciplinary research interest as broadly as psychology, sociology, and education. Built on the then-existing faculties, 10 graduate schools were set up as part of the government's education system reform program in 1953. Two graduate schools, the Graduate School of Language and Culture and the cross-disciplinary and cross-institutional Osaka School of International Public Policy, add to the list, making the number of graduate schools reach 12 in 1994Sony VAIO VPCF11C5E battery.
In 1993, Osaka University Hospital was relocated from the Nakanoshima campus in downtown Osaka to the Suita campus, completing the implementation of the university's plan to integrate the scattered facilities into the Suita and Toyonaka campuses. In October 2007, a merger between Osaka University and Osaka University of Foreign Studies was completedSony VAIO VPCF11C4E/B battery. The merger made Osaka University one of two national universities in the country with a School of Foreign Studies (with Tokyo University of Foreign Studies). In addition, the merger made the university the largest national university in the country.
Osaka University Hospital
In 2009, Osaka University implemented a major revision of its website. The result is a site much more accessible and informative to persons not versed in the Japanese language — a site much more user-friendly to international exchange students, international researchersSony VAIO PCG-31114V battery, and expatriates living in the Osaka area. Currently, thanks to the work of the "Web Design Unit," virtually all Osaka University's web pages come in pairs — a Japanese page and the same page in English. These pairings include frequent updates on symposiums, seminars, and other events open to staff, students and, often, the general publicSony VAIO PCG-31114M battery.
Toyonaka campus main entrance
Suita, Toyonaka and Minoh are the university's three campuses. Home to the university's headquarters, the Suita campus extends across Suita city and Ibaraki city in Osaka prefecture. The Suita campus houses faculties of Human Sciences, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmaceutical Sciences, and Engineering. It contains the Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences and a portion of the Graduate School of Information Science and TechnologySony VAIO PCG-31113M battery. The campus is also home to the Osaka University Hospital and the Nationwide Joint Institute of Cybermedia Center and Research Center for Nuclear Physics. Because access to the campus by public transportation is relatively inconvenient, automobiles, motorcycles, and bicycles are commonly seen within the campus. While sports activities are primarily concentrated on the Toyonaka campusSony VAIO PCG-31112M battery, tennis activities are concentrated on the Suita campus because of its many tennis facilities.
The Toyonaka campus is home to faculties of Letters, Law, Economics, Science, and Engineering Science. It is also the academic base for Graduate Schools of International Public Policy, Language and Culture, (a portion of) Information Science, and the Center for the Practice of Legal and Political Expertise. All freshmen attend classes on the Toyonaka campus during their first year of enrollmentSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery.
The Minoh campus was incorporated following the merger with Osaka University of Foreign Studies in October 2007. The Minoh campus is home to School of Foreign Studies, Research Institute for World Languages, and Center for Japanese Language and Culture.
In addition to these three campus, the former Nakanoshima campus, the university's earliest campus located in downtown OsakaSony VAIO PCG-41112M battery, served as the hub for the faculty of medicine until the transfer to the Suita campus was completed in 1993. Starting from April 2004, the Nakanoshima campus has been transformed into the "Nakanoshima Center", serving as a venue for information exchange, adult education classes, and activities involving academic as well as non-academic communitiesSony VAIO PCG-41111M battery.
Osaka University has completed academic exchange agreements with a large number of universities (in 2011, 92) throughout the world and also exchange agreements between schools at Osaka University and schools and institutes in other countries (in 2011, 366). These agreements facilitate international students studying at Osaka University and Osaka University students studying at overseas universitiesSONY VAIO PCG-21212M battery, schools, and institutes. In many cases, students are able to participate in these exchange agreements without paying any additional tuition. Below are examples of some of these universities:
Handai is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan. It can be seen in the several rankings such as shown belowSONY VAIO PCG-21211M battery.
The university has been ranked 3rd in 2009 and 4th in 2008 and 2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku ranked Handai as the 3rd best university in Japan.
It is recognized as a leading university, especially in the basic sciences, technology and medical field. The university was ranked the 43rd among the world's best universities and the 3rd best Japanese university in 2009SONY VAIO PCG-51212M battery, according to the THE-QS World University Rankings. In 2011, it came 45th in the QS World University Rankings, four places higher than the previous year (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings) SONY VAIO PCG-51211M battery.
Handai is one of the top research institutions in Japan. According to Thomson Reuters, Handai is the 3rd best research university in Japan. Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Biology & Biochemistry (4th in Japan, 31st in the world), Materials Science (4th in Japan, 15th in the world), Physics (3rd in Japan, 24th in the world), Chemistry (5th in Japan, 14th in the world) and Immunology (1st in Japan, 4th in the world) SONY VAIO PCG-51112M battery.
Weekly Diamond also reported that Handai has the 7th highest research standard in Japan in terms of research funding per researchers in COE Program. In the same article, it's also ranked 16th in terms of the quality of education by GP funds per student.
Handai also has a high research standard in Economics. Repec in Jan 2011 ranked Handai's Economic department as Japan's 2nd best economic research university. SONY VAIO PCG-51111M battery Handai has provided 5 presidents of Japanese Economic Association in its 42 year history, and this number is 4th largest.
In addition, Nikkei Shimbun on 2004/2/16 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research CentersSONY VAIO PCG-81212M battery, and Handai was placed top (research planning ability 2nd/informative ability of research outcome 5th/ability of business-academia collaboration 9th) in this ranking.
Furthermore, Handai got the 4th place at the number of patents accepted (171) during 2009 among Japanese Universities.
Graduate school Rankings
Handai Law School is considered as one of top Law schools in Japan, as it was ranked 7th in terms of the number of successful candidates of Japanese Bar Examination in 2010Sony VAIO PCG-81112M battery.
According to the Weekly Economist's 2010 rankings, graduates from Handai have the 7th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan.
École des Mines de Paris ranks Handai as 92nd in the world in 2011 in terms of the number of alumni listed among CEOs in the 500 largest worldwide companies.
Popularity and Selectivity
Handai is one of the most selective universities in Japan. Its entrance difficulty is usually considered as one of the highest in JapanSONY VAIO PCG-71111M battery.
Old Vic, the main building of Victoria College, typifies the Richardsonian Romanesque style.
The University of Toronto has traditionally been a decentralized institution, with governing authority shared among its central administration, academic faculties and colleges. The Governing Council is the unicameral legislative organ of the central administration, overseeing general academic, business and institutional affairsSONY VAIO PCG-7196M battery. Before 1971, the university was governed under a bicameral system composed of the board of governors and the university senate. The chancellor, usually a former governor general, lieutenant governor, premier or diplomat, is the ceremonial head of the university. The president is appointed by the council as the chief executive.SONY VAIO PCG-7195M battery
Unlike most North American institutions, the University of Toronto is a collegiate university with a model that resembles those of the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford in Britain. The colleges hold substantial autonomy over admissions, scholarships, programs and other academic and financial affairs, in addition to the housing and social duties of typical residential collegesSONY VAIO PCG-7194M battery. The system emerged in the 19th century, as ecclesiastical colleges considered various forms of union with the University of Toronto to ensure their viability. The desire to preserve religious traditions in a secular institution resulted in the federative collegiate model that came to characterize the universitySONY VAIO PCG-7192M battery.
The Chapel of Trinity College reflects the college's Anglican heritage.
University College was the founding nondenominational college, created in 1853 after the university was secularized. Knox College, a Presbyterian institution, and Wycliffe College, a low church seminary, both encouraged their students to study for non-divinity degrees at University College. In 1885, they entered a formal affiliation with the University of TorontoSONY PCG-8113M battery, and became federated schools in 1890. The idea of federation initially met strong opposition at Victoria University, a Methodist school in Cobourg, but a financial incentive in 1890 convinced the school to join. Decades after the death of John Strachan, the Anglican seminary Trinity College entered federation in 1904, followed in 1910 by St. Michael's College, a Roman Catholic college founded by the Basilian FathersSONY PCG-8112M battery. Among the institutions that had considered federation but ultimately remained independent were McMaster University, a Baptist school that later moved to Hamilton, and Queen's College, a Presbyterian school in Kingston that later became Queen's University.
The post-war era saw the creation of New College in 1962, Innis College in 1964 and Woodsworth College in 1974, all of them nondenominationalSONY PCG-7134M battery. Along with University College, they comprise the university's constituent colleges, which are established and funded by the central administration and are therefore financially dependent. Massey College was established in 1963 by the Massey Foundation as a college exclusively for graduate students. Regis College, a Jesuit seminary, entered federation with the university in 1979SONY PCG-7131M battery.
In contrast with the constituent colleges, the colleges of Knox, Massey, Regis, St. Michael's, Trinity, Victoria and Wycliffe continue to exist as legally distinct entities, each possessing a separate financial endowment. While St. Michael's, Trinity and Victoria continue to recognize their religious affiliations and heritageSONY PCG-7122M battery, they have since adopted secular policies of enrolment and teaching in non-divinity subjects. Some colleges have, or once had, collegiate structures of their own: Emmanuel College is a college of Victoria and St. Hilda's College is part of Trinity; St. Joseph’s College had existed as a college within St. Michael's until it was dissolved in 2006. Ewart College existed as an affiliated college until 1991SONY PCG-7121M battery, when it was merged into Knox College. Postgraduate theology degrees are conferred by the colleges of Knox, Regis and Wycliffe, along with the divinity faculties within Emmanuel, St. Michael's and Trinity, including joint degrees with the university through the Toronto School of Theology.
The Munk School of Global Affairs encompasses programs and research institutes for international relationsSONY PCG-7113M battery.
The Faculty of Arts and Science is the university's main undergraduate faculty, and administers most of the courses in the college system. While the colleges are not entirely responsible for teaching duties, most of them house specialized academic programs and lecture series. Among other subjects, Trinity College is associated with programs in international relationsSONY PCG-7112M battery , as are University College with Canadian studies, Victoria College with Renaissance studies, Innis College with film studies, New College with gender studies, Woodsworth College with industrial relations and St. Michael's College with Medievalism. The Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering is the other major faculty that allows direct-entry into bachelor's degree programs from secondary schoolsSONY PCG-8Z3M battery; undergraduate programs in other faculties generally admit by second entry. Postgraduate programs in arts and science are administered by the School of Graduate Studies.
The University of Toronto is the birthplace of an influential school of thought on communication theory and literary criticism, known as the Toronto School. Described as "the theory of the primacy of communication in the structuring of human cultures and the structuring of the human mind",SONY PCG-8Z2M battery the school is rooted in the works of Eric A. Havelock and Harold Innis and the subsequent contributions of Edmund Snow Carpenter, Northrop Frye and Marshall McLuhan. Since 1963, the McLuhan Program in Culture and Technology of the Faculty of Information has carried the mandate for teaching and advancing the Toronto School.
The Sandford Fleming Building contains offices of the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering.
Several notable works in arts and humanities are based at the universitySONY PCG-8Z1M battery, including the Dictionary of Canadian Biography since 1959 and the Collected Works of Erasmus since 1969. The Records of Early English Drama collects and edits the surviving documentary evidence of dramatic arts in pre-Puritan England, while the Dictionary of Old English compiles the early vocabulary of the English language from the Anglo-Saxon period. SONY PCG-8Y3M battery
The Munk School of Global Affairs encompasses the university's various programs and curricula in international affairs and foreign policy. As the Cold War heightened, Toronto's Slavic studies program evolved into an important institution on Soviet politics and economics, financed by the Rockefeller, Ford and Mellon foundations. SONY PCG-8Y2M batteryThe Munk School is also home to the G20 Research Group, which conducts independent monitoring and analysis on the Group of Twenty, and the Citizen Lab, which conducts research on Internet censorship as a joint founder of the OpenNet Initiative. The university operates international offices in Berlin, Hong Kong and SienaSONY PCG-7Z1M battery.
The Faculty of Medicine is affiliated with a network of ten teaching hospitals, providing medical treatment, research and advisory services to patients and clients from Canada and abroad. A core member of the network is University Health Network, itself a specialized federation of Toronto General Hospital, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, and Toronto Rehabilitation Institute. SONY PCG-6W2M battery Physicians in the medical institutes have cross-appointments to faculty and supervisory positions in university departments. The Rotman School of Management developed the discipline and methodology of integrative thinking, upon which the school bases its curriculum. Founded in 1887, the Faculty of Law's emphasis on formal teachings of liberal arts and legal theory was then considered unconventionalSONY PCG-5J5M battery, but gradually helped shift the country's legal education system away from the apprenticeship model that prevailed until the mid-20th century. The Ontario Institute for Studies in Education is the teachers college of the university, affiliated with its two laboratory schools, the Institute of Child Study and the University of Toronto Schools. Autonomous institutes at the university include the Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies and the Fields InstituteSONY PCG-5K2M battery.
Library and collections
Robarts Library houses the university's main collection for humanities and social sciences.
The University of Toronto Libraries is the fourth-largest academic library system in North America, following those of Harvard, Yale and Illinois, measured by number of volumes held. The collections include more than 10 million bound volumes, 5.4 million microfilms, 70,000 serial titles and 1 million maps, films, graphics and sound recordings. SONY PCG-5K1M batteryThe largest of the libraries, Robarts Library, holds about five million bound volumes that form the main collection for humanities and social sciences. The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library constitutes one of the largest repositories of publicly accessible rare books and manuscripts. Its collections range from ancient Egyptian papyri to incunabula and libretti; the subjects of focus include British, European and Canadian literature, Aristotle, DarwinSONY PCG-5J4M battery, the Spanish Civil War, the history of science and medicine, Canadiana and the history of books. Most of the remaining holdings are dispersed at departmental and faculty libraries, in addition to about 1.3 million bound volumes that are held by the colleges. The university has collaborated with the Internet Archive since 2005 to digitize some of its library holdingsSONY PCG-5J1M battery.
Housed within University College, the University of Toronto Art Centre contains three major art collections. The Malcove Collection is primarily represented by Early Christian and Byzantine sculptures, bronzeware, furniture, icons and liturgical items. It also includes glassware and stone reliefs from the Greco-Roman period, and the painting Adam and Eve by Lucas Cranach the Elder, dated from 1538SONY PCG-5G2M battery. The University of Toronto Collection features Canadian contemporary art, while the University College Art Collection holds significant works by the Group of Seven and 19th century landscape artists.
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2011–12 ranks the University of Toronto at 19th place globally and first in Canada. The QS World University Rankings of 2011 place the University of Toronto at 23rd in the world Sony VAIO PCG-8131M battery (and second overall in Canada), 21st in natural sciences, 21st in engineering and technology, 14th in arts and humanities, 16th in life sciences and biomedicine, and 20th in social sciences. In the Academic Ranking of World Universities of 2011, the University of Toronto is placed at 26th in the world and first in Canada; by academic subject, it ranks 21st in engineering and computer scienceSony VAIO PCG-8152M battery, 27th in medicine, 34th in natural science and mathematics, 49th in life and agricultural sciences, and 48th in social science. It is ranked 43rd in Mathematics, 41st in Physics, 23rd in Chemistry, 10th in Computer Science, and 47th in Economics/Business in the world. In Newsweek global rankings of 2011, the university ranks 3rd among institutions outside the United StatesSony VAIO PCG-31311M battery, after Cambridge and Oxford. It ranked 9th worldwide in the 2010 Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities, and 14th in the High Impact Universities ranking. In a employability survey published by the New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairmans were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, the university placed 49th in the worldSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery, and third in Canada. In 2011, the university received a grade of A- for environmental sustainability from the Sustainable Endowments Institute.
The University of Toronto ranked as the nation's top medical-doctoral university in Maclean's magazine for twelve consecutive years between 1994 and 2005. Since 2009, it has joined 22 other national institutions in withholding data from the magazineSony VAIO PCG-8112M battery, citing continued concerns regarding methodology. The university places second in the Maclean's ranking of 2009. The university has placed first among Canada's research universities in the annual ranking by Research Infosource since 2001. In 2010, the Faculty of Law was named the top law school in Canada by Maclean's for the fourth consecutive yearSony VAIO PCG-7186M battery.
Since 1926, the University of Toronto has been a member of the Association of American Universities, a consortium of the leading North American research universities. The university manages by far the largest annual research budget of any university in Canada, with sponsored direct-cost expenditures of $878.725 million in 2010. The federal government was the largest source of fundingSony VAIO PCG-7171M battery, with grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council amounting to about one-third of the research budget. About 8 percent of research funding came from corporations, mostly in the health care industry.
The discovery of stem cells by McCulloch and Till is the basis for all modern stem cell research.
The first practical electron microscope was built by the physics department in 1938Sony VAIO PCG-9Z1M battery. During World War II, the university developed the G-suit, a life-saving garment worn by Allied fighter plane pilots, later adopted for use by astronauts. Development of the infrared chemiluminescence technique improved analyses of energy behaviours in chemical reactions. In 1963, the asteroid 2104 Toronto is discovered in the David Dunlap Observatory in Richmond Hill and is named after the university. Sony VAIO PCG-5S1M battery In 1972, studies on Cygnus X-1 led to the publication of the first observational evidence proving the existence of black holes. Toronto astronomers have also discovered the Uranus moons of Caliban and Sycorax, the dwarf galaxies of Andromeda I, II and III, and the supernova SN 1987A. A pioneer in computing technology, the university designed and built UTEC, one of the world's first operational computersSony VAIO PCG-5P1M battery, and later purchased Ferut, the second commercial computer after UNIVAC I. Multi-touch technology was developed at Toronto, with applications ranging from handheld devices to collaboration walls.
The Donnelly Centre is part of the Discovery District, one of the world's largest biotechnology research clustersSony VAIO PCG-5N2M battery.
The discovery of insulin at the University of Toronto in 1921 is considered among the most significant events in the history of medicine. The stem cell was discovered at the university in 1963, forming the basis for bone marrow transplantation and all subsequent research on adult and embryonic stem cells. This was the first of many findings at Toronto relating to stem cells, including the identification of pancreatic and retinal stem cellsSony VAIO PCG-3C2M battery. The cancer stem cell was first identified in 1997 by Toronto researchers, who have since found stem cell associations in leukemia, brain tumors and colorectal cancer. Medical inventions developed at Toronto include the glycaemic index, the infant cereal Pablum, the use of protective hypothermia in open heart surgery and the first artificial cardiac pacemaker. The first successful single-lung transplant was performed at Toronto in 1981Sony VAIO PCG-8161M battery, followed by the first nerve transplant in 1988, and the first double-lung transplant in 1989. Researchers identified the maturation promoting factor that regulates cell division, and discovered the T-cell receptor which trigger responses of the immune system. The university is credited with isolating the genes that cause Fanconi anemia, cystic fibrosis and early-onset Alzheimer's disease, among numerous other diseases. Between 1914 and 1972Sony VAIO PCG-8141M battery, the university operated the Connaught Medical Research Laboratories, now part of the pharmaceutical corporation Sanofi-Aventis. Among the research conducted at the laboratory was the development of gel electrophoresis.
The University of Toronto is the primary research presence that supports one of the world's largest concentrations of biotechnology firms. More than 5,000 principal investigators reside within 2 kilometres from the university grounds in Toronto's Discovery DistrictSony VAIO PCG-3J1M battery, conducting $1 billion of medical research annually. MaRS Discovery District is a research park that serves commercial enterprises and the university's technology transfer ventures. In 2008, the university disclosed 159 inventions and had 114 active start-up companies. Its SciNet Consortium operates the most powerful supercomputer in CanadaSony VAIO PCG-3H1M battery.
The 44 sports teams of the Varsity Blues represent the university in intercollegiate competitions. The two main leagues in which the Blues participate are Canadian Interuniversity Sport for national competitions, and the auxiliary Ontario University Athletics conference at the provincial level. The athletic nickname of Varsity Blues was not consistently used until the 1930s; previously, references such as "Varsity", "The Big Blue"Sony VAIO PCG-3F1M battery, "The Blue and White" and "The Varsity Blue" also appeared interchangeably. The Blue and White is commonly played and sung in athletic games as a fight song.
The University of Toronto Rowing Club trains in Toronto Harbour for the 1924 Summer Olympics. The team won silver for Canada.
North American football traces its very origin to the University of Toronto, with the first documented football game played at University College on 9 November 1861Sony VAIO PCG-3C1M battery. The Blues played their first intercollegiate football match in 1877 against the University of Michigan, in a game that ended with a scoreless draw. Since intercollegiate seasons began in 1898, the Blues have won four Grey Cup, two Vanier Cup and 25 Yates Cup championships, including the inaugural championships for all three trophies. However, the football team has hit a rough patch following its last championship in 1993Sony VAIO PCG-9Z2L battery. From 2001 until 2008, the Blues suffered the longest losing streak in Canadian collegiate history, recording 49 consecutive winless games. This was preceded by a single victory in 2001 that ended a run of 18 straight losses. The site of Varsity Stadium has served as the primary playing grounds of the Varsity Blues football and soccer programs since 1898Sony VAIO PCG-9Z1L battery.
Formed in 1891, the storied Varsity Blues men's ice hockey team has left many legacies on the national, professional and international hockey scenes. Conn Smythe played for the Blues as a centre during his undergraduate years, and was a Blues coach from 1923 to 1926. When Smythe took over the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1927, the familiar blue-and-white sweater design of the Varsity Blues was adopted by his new teamSony VAIO PCG-9131L battery. Blues hockey competed at the 1928 Winter Olympics and captured the gold medal for Canada. At the 1980 Winter Olympics, Blues coach Tom Watt served as co-coach of the Canadian hockey team in which six players were Varsity grads. In all, the Blues have won the University Cup national hockey title ten times, last in 1984. Varsity Arena has been the permanent home of the Blues ice hockey programs since it opened in 1926. Sony VAIO PCG-8161L battery In men's basketball, the Varsity Blues have won 14 conference titles, including the inaugural championship in 1909, but have not won a national title. In swimming, the men's team has claimed the national crown 16 times since 1964, while the women's team has claimed the crown 14 times since 1970. Established in 1897, the University of Toronto Rowing Club is the oldest collegiate rowing club in Canada. It earned a silver medal for the country in the 1924 Summer OlympicsSony VAIO PCG-8152L battery, finishing second to Yale's crew.
Culture and student life
Generations of students have attended speeches, debates and concerts at Hart House.
In the heart of social, cultural and recreational life at the University of Toronto lies Hart House, the sprawling neo-Gothic student activity centre that was conceived by alumnus-benefactor Vincent Massey and named for his grandfather HartSony VAIO PCG-8141L battery. Opened in 1919, the complex established a communitarian spirit in the university and its students, who at the time kept largely within their own colleges under the decentralized collegiate system. At Hart House, a student can read in the library, dine casually or formally, have a haircut, visit the art gallery, watch a play in the theatre, listen to a concert, observe or join in debates, play billiardsSony VAIO PCG-8131L battery, or go for a swim and find a place to study, all under the same roof and within the span of a day. The confluence of assorted functions is the result of a deliberate effort to create a holistic educational experience, a goal summarized in the Founders' Prayer. The Hart House model was influential in the planning of student centres at other universities, notably Cornell University's Willard Straight HallSony VAIO PCG-81312L battery.
Hart House resembles some traditional aspects of student representation through its financial support of student clubs, and its standing committees and board of stewards that are composed mostly of undergraduate students. However, the main students' unions on administrative and policy issues are the University of Toronto Students' Union, Association of Part-time Undergraduate Students and the Graduate Students' UnionSony VAIO PCG-81214L battery. Student representative bodies also exist at the various colleges, academic faculties and departments.
The Hart House Debating Club employs a debating style that combines the American emphasis on analysis and the British use of wit. Smaller debating societies at Trinity, University and Victoria College have served as initial training grounds for debaters who later progress to Hart HouseSony VAIO PCG-81115L battery. The club won the World Universities Debating Championship in 1981 and 2006. University of Toronto Model United Nations (UTMUN) hosts an annual Model United Nations conference in Toronto, while the United Nations Society participates in various North American and international conferences. The Toronto chess team has captured the top title six times at the Pan American Intercollegiate Team Chess ChampionshipSony VAIO PCG-81114L battery. The Formula SAE Racing Team won the Formula Student European Championships in 2003, 2005 and 2006.
The University of Toronto is home to the first collegiate fraternity in Canada, Zeta Psi, whose Toronto chapter has been active since 1879. Because few other Canadian universities in the 19th century were deemed comparable to their American counterparts in reputeSony VAIO PCG-81113L battery, age and secularity, most early American fraternities chose to open their first international chapter at the University of Toronto, including Sigma Chi, Delta Upsilon, Phi Delta Theta, Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Gamma Delta, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Psi Upsilon, Alpha Delta Phi, Beta Theta Pi, Pi Kappa Phi, Lambda Phi Epsilon, Sigma Chi, Sigma Nu, Theta Delta Chi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Omicron PiSony VAIO PCG-7142L battery, Delta Delta Delta, Alpha Kappa Delta Phi and Lambda Chi Alpha. Other Greek-letter societies include Alpha Gamma Delta, Alpha Phi, Gamma Phi Beta, Kappa Alpha Society, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Pi Beta Phi, Sigma Pi, and Alpha Epsilon Pi. A secret society known as Episkopon has operated from Trinity College since 1858Sony VAIO PCG-7141L battery.
Theatre and music
Sunlight fills Knox College Chapel during a Christmas concert of the engineering faculty's Skule Choir.
Hart House Theatre is the university's student amateur theatre, generally producing four major plays every season. As old as Hart House itself, the theatre is considered a pioneer in Canadian theatre for introducing the Little Theatre Movement from EuropeSony VAIO PCG-71111L battery. It has cultivated numerous performing-arts talents, including Donald Sutherland, Lorne Michaels, Wayne and Shuster and William Hutt. Three members of the Group of Seven artists (Harris, Lismer and MacDonald) have been set designers at the theatre, and composer Healey Willan was director of music for fourteen productions. The theatre also hosts annual variety shows run by several student theatrical companies at the colleges and academic facultiesSony VAIO PCG-61411L battery, the most prominent of which are U.C. Follies of University College, Skule Nite of the Faculty of Engineering, and Daffydil of the Faculty of Medicine, the latter in its hundredth year of production in 2010–2011.
The main musical ensembles at Hart House are the orchestra, the chamber strings, the chorus, the jazz choir, the jazz ensemble and the symphonic band. The Jazz at Oscar's concert series performs big band and vocal jazz on Friday nights at the period lounge and bar of the Hart House Arbor RoomSony VAIO PCG-61112L battery. Open Stage is the monthly open mike event featuring singers, comics, poets and storytellers. The Sunday Concert is the oldest musical series at Hart House; since 1922 the series has performed more than 600 classical music concerts in the Great Hall, freely attended by the university community and general audiences. The public may also screen midday events held at noon, when concerts are recited prior to formal debutSony VAIO PCG-61111L battery.
William Lyon Mackenzie King was active in student media during his undergraduate years.
The Varsity is one of Canada's oldest student-run newspapers, in publication since 1880. The paper was originally a daily broadsheet, but has since adopted a compact format and is now weekly with three summer issues. Hart House Review, a literary magazine by students of the Literary and Library Committee of Hart HouseSony VAIO PCG-5T4L battery, features prose, poetry, art and photography from emerging writers and artists. The Newspaper is an independent student-run community newspaper, published weekly since 1978. CIUT-FM is the university's campus radio station, while the University of Toronto Television broadcasts student-produced content. Stu
Members of the student press have contributed to activist causes on several notable occasions. At the height of debate on coeducation in 1880, The Varsity published an article in its inaugural issue voicing in favour of admitting women. In 1895, the university suspended the editor of The Varsity for breach of collegialitySony VAIO PCG-5T2L battery, after he published a letter that harshly criticized the provincial government's dismissal of a professor and involvement in academic affairs. University College students then approved a motion by Varsity staff member William Lyon Mackenzie King and boycotted lectures for a week. After Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau decriminalized homosexuality in 1969, a medical research assistant placed an advertisement in The Varsity seeking volunteers to establish the first university homophile association in CanadaSony VAIO PCG-5S3L battery.
Teefy House, a residence hall of St. Michael's College, is home to senior undergraduate students.
Each college at the University of Toronto operates its own set of residence halls and dining halls clustered in a different area of the campus. Innis, New, St. Michael's, Trinity, University, Victoria, and Woodsworth colleges reserve most of their dormitories for their undergraduate students within the Faculty of Arts and ScienceSony VAIO PCG-5S2L battery, while setting a portion available to students from the professional and postgraduate faculties. Massey College is exclusively for graduate students, while Knox and Wycliffe Colleges mainly house graduate theology students. Annesley Hall of Victoria College, a National Historic Site, was the first university residence for women in Canada. After St. Hilda's College became coeducational in 2005, Annesley Hall and Loretto College of St. Michael's College are the last remaining women's halls at the universitySony VAIO PCG-5S1L battery.
As campus residences accommodate just 6,400 students in all, the university guarantees housing only for undergraduates in their first year of study, while most upper-year and graduate students reside off-campus. Traditionally, the adjacent neighbourhoods of The Annex and Harbord Village are popular settling grounds for University of Toronto studentsSony VAIO PCG-5R2L battery, forming a distinct student quarter enclave. In 2004, the university purchased and converted a nearby hotel into the Chestnut Residence, which houses students from all colleges and faculties. There are also numerous fraternity houses and student housing cooperatives, where boarders pay reduced rent for assuming housekeeping dutiesSony VAIO PCG-5R1L battery.
Sir Frederick Banting (1891–1941): M.B. 1916, M.D. 1922, medical faculty 1922–41
Main article: List of University of Toronto people
In addition to Havelock, Innis, Frye, Carpenter and McLuhan, former professors of the past century include Frederick Banting, Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, Robertson Davies, John Charles Fields, Leopold Infeld and C. B. Macpherson. Ten Nobel laureates studied or taught at the University of Toronto. As of 2006Sony VAIO PCG-5P4L battery, University of Toronto academics accounted for 15 of 23 Canadian members in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (65%) and 20 of 72 Canadian fellows in the American Association for the Advancement of Science (28%). Among honorees from Canada between 1980 and 2006, University of Toronto faculty made up 11 of 21 Gairdner Foundation International Award recipients (52%), 44 of 101 Guggenheim Fellows (44%), 16 of 38 Royal Society fellows (42%)Sony VAIO PCG-5P2L battery, 10 of 28 members in the United States National Academies (36%) and 23 of 77 Sloan Research Fellows (30%).
Alumni of the University of Toronto's colleges, faculties and professional schools have assumed notable roles in a wide range of fields and specialties. In government, Governors General Vincent Massey and Adrienne Clarkson, Prime Ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King, Arthur Meighen, Lester B. Pearson and Paul MartinSony VAIO PCG-5N4L battery, and 14 Justices of the Supreme Court have all graduated from the university, while world leaders include President of Latvia Vaira Vike-Freiberga, Premier of the Republic of China Liu Chao-shiuan and President of Trinidad and Tobago Noor Hassanali. Economist John Kenneth Galbraith, political scientist David Easton, historian Margaret MacMillan, philosophers David Gauthier and Ted Honderich, anthropologist Davidson Black, social activist Ellen PenceSony VAIO PCG-5N2L battery, sociologist Erving Goffman, psychologists Endel Tulving, Daniel Schacter, and Lisa Feldman Barrett, physicians Norman Bethune and Charles Best, geologists Joseph Tyrrell and John Tuzo Wilson, mathematicians Irving Kaplansky and William Kahan, physicists Arthur Leonard Schawlow and Bertram Brockhouse, architect James W. Strutt, engineer Gerald BullSony VAIO PCG-51513L battery, computer scientists Alfred Aho and Brian Kernighan, astronauts Roberta Bondar and Julie Payette are also some of the most well-known academic figures from the university.
In business, University of Toronto alumni include Rogers Communications' Ted Rogers, Toronto-Dominion Bank's W. Edmund Clark, Bank of Montreal's Bill Downe, Scotiabank's Peter Godsoe, Barrick Gold's Peter Munk, Research In Motion's Jim Balsillie, eBay's Jeffrey Skoll and Fiat S.p.A.'s Sergio Marchionne. In literature and mediaSony VAIO PCG-51511L battery, the university has produced writers Stephen Leacock, John McCrae, Rohinton Mistry, Margaret Atwood and Michael Ondaatje, film directors Arthur Hiller, Norman Jewison, David Cronenberg and Atom Egoyan, actor Donald Sutherland, screenwriter David Shore, television producer and writer Hart Hanson, musician Paul Shaffer, journalists Malcolm Gladwell, Naomi Klein and Barbara AmielSony VAIO PCG-51412L battery.
The University of Queensland (UQ) is a public university located in state of Queensland of Australia. Founded in 1909, it is the oldest and largest university in Queensland and the fifth oldest in Australia. The main campus is located in the suburb of St Lucia, southwest of the Brisbane City Central Business District, with other major campuses in GattonSony VAIO PCG-51411L battery, Ipswich and Herston with a number of other satellite facilities. The University of Queensland is a member of the Australia's Group of Eight, and the international research-intensive universities network Universitas 21. UQ is colloquially known as a "sandstone university" and is ranked among the top universities in Australia and the top 1 percent in the worldSony VAIO PCG-51312L battery.
The University of Queensland (UQ) was established on 10 December 1909 by the Queensland Parliament to mark the 50th anniversary of Queensland’s independence from New South Wales. The University's first classes in the Government house were held in 1911 with 83 commencing students and Sir William MacGregor is the first chancellorSony VAIO PCG-51311L battery (with Reginald Heber Roe as vice-chancellor). The development of the University was delayed by World War I, but after the first world war the university enrollments for education and research took flight as demand for higher education increased in Australia. Thus, in the early 1920s the growing University had to look for a more spacious campus as its original site at George Street, Brisbane has limited room for expansionSony VAIO PCG-51211L battery.
Expansion and growth
See also: The Mayne Inheritance
In 1927, Dr James O’Neil Mayne and his sister Mary Emelia Mayne, provided a grant of approximately £50,000 to the Brisbane City Council to acquire 274 acres (111 ha) of land at St Lucia and provided it to the University of Queensland as its permanent home. Lack of finance delayed development of the St Lucia campusSony VAIO PCG-41112L battery. Hence, the construction of the University's first building in St Lucia only began in 1938. It was later named the Forgan Smith Building, after the Premier of the day and it was completed in 1939. During World War II, the Forgan Smith Building was used as a military base and it served first as advanced headquarters for the Allied Land Forces in the South West PacificSony VAIO PCG-3A4L battery.
In 1990, Australia reorganized its higher education system by abolishing the binary system of universities and colleges of advanced education. Under this transition, the University merged with Queensland Agricultural College, to establish the new UQ Gatton campus. In 1999, UQ Ipswich began operation as one of the completely Web-enabled campuses in Australia. Sony VAIO PCG-3A3L battery
The Commonwealth Government's Excellence in Research for Australia 2010 National Report presents a comprehensive assessment of the research quality and research activity in Australia’s higher education institutions. Notable results were UQ being one of the nation's top two universities, measured on a combination of research quality and breadthSony VAIO PCG-3A2L battery; UQ research is above world standard in more broad fields than at any other Australian university (in 21 broad fields); more UQ researchers are working in research fields that ERA has assessed as above world standard than at any other Australian university; UQ research in biomedical and clinical health sciences, technology, engineering, biological sciences, chemical sciences, environmental sciencesSony VAIO PCG-3A1L battery, and physical sciences was ranked well above world standard (rating 5). In 2009, the Australian Cancer Research Foundation reported that UQ have taken the lead in numerous areas of cancer research, having awarded almost $10 million in grants over a three year period.
The University of Queensland maintains a number of major research institutes and centres based on national, state, university, faculty and school levelsSony VAIO PCG-394L battery. With the support from the Queensland Government, the Australian Government and major donor The Atlantic Philanthropies, the University of Queensland has developed eight major research institutes:
Institute for Molecular Bioscience (within the Queensland Bioscience Precinct which also houses scientists from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
The Diamantina Institute for Cancer, Immunology and Metabolic MedicineSony VAIO PCG-393L battery
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology
Institute for Social Science Research
Sustainable Mineral Institute
Global Change Institute
Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
Queensland Brain Institute
The University of Queensland maintains a number of campuses and facilities throughout Queensland. UQ has its main campus in the suburb of St Lucia in Brisbane. Its other campuses include Ipswich, Gatton, Herston, and Turbot StreetSony VAIO PCG-391L battery.
St Lucia campus
In 1927, the land on which the St Lucia campus is built was resumed by the Brisbane City Council using money donated by James O'Neil Mayne and his sister Mary Emelia Mayne to replace the less spacious city campus. The city campus is now home to the Gardens Point campus of the Queensland University of Technology. Construction of the new university began at St Lucia in 1937Sony VAIO PCG-384L battery.
At its centre is the heritage-listed Great Court — a 2.5 hectares (6.2 acres) open area surrounded by sandstone buildings with grotesques of great academics and historic scenes, floral and faunal motifs and crests of universities and colleges from around the world. This central semi-circular quadrangle features a connected arcade so students could reach any section under coverSony VAIO PCG-383L battery. The 274 acres (111 ha) also includes sporting fields, gardens, duckponds, and cycling tracks.
The university is served by a CityCat wharf, two bus stations and is also served by the Eleanor Schonell Bridge providing pedestrian and bus access across the river to Dutton Park. 2009 saw the opening of the $2.5 million Advanced Concepts Teaching Space (ACTS) lecture theatre which enable students to use mobile technology to aid classroom learningSony VAIO PCG-382L battery.
Theatres and Museums
The University of Queensland Art Museum is located in the James and Mary Emelia Mayne Centre on the St Lucia campus. The Art Museum was established in the Forgan Smith Tower in 1976 to house the artworks collected by The University of Queensland since the 1940s, relocating to its present site in 2004. Today, with more than 3,000 artworksSony VAIO PCG-381L battery, the University’s Art Collection is Queensland's second largest public art collection.
The University also houses the R.D. Milns Antiquity Museum in the Michie building (bldg 9, level 2) which contains Queensland's only publicly accessible collection of antiquities from ancient Rome, Greece, Egypt and the Near East. The museum supports research and teaching at the University. The UQ Anthropology museum (also in the Michie Building on level 1) contains a significant collection of ethnographic material. It is also open to the publicSony VAIO PCG-7185L battery.
The University of Queensland Club provides licenced facilities for members and their guests, and offers honorary membership to visiting Australian and overseas academics. Services include function rooms and catering for events ranging from weddings to seminars and conferences. Catering for events elsewhere is also availableSony VAIO PCG-7184L battery.
The UQ Gatton Campus is a 1068-hectare campus which is located in Gatton, Queensland about 90 km west of Brisbane on the Warrego Highway. The campus was opened in 1897 next to the site of the Queensland Agricultural College which was then amalgamated with UQ in 1990. UQ Gatton is the core campus for research, learning and teaching activities and facilities in agriculture, animals, veterinary science and the environmentSony VAIO PCG-7183L battery.
In 2008 the Centre for Advanced Animal Science (CAAS) was opened at the Gatton campus — a collaborative venture between UQ and the Queensland Government. Its mission statement: "CAAS is committed to establishing an innovative and best practice biosecure animal research environment"Sony VAIO PCG-7182L battery.
The Ipswich campus, opened in 1999, after State and Federal government backing is the newest campus, made up of nearly 20 buildings and more than 5001 students on nearly 25 hectares (62 acres) Courses offered include: arts, business, medicine and social sciences as well as Interaction design. It is located near central Ipswich, Queensland, just south of the CBDSony VAIO PCG-7181L battery. Nearby landmarks include Limestone Park, The Workshops Railway Museum and RAAF Base Amberley.
The site dates back to 1878 with the opening of the Ipswich branch of the Woogaroo Lunatic Asylum. Operations continued until 1910 when it became the Ipswich Hospital for the Insane. In 1938 it was renamed the Ipswich Mental Hospital and in 1964 it was renamed again as the Ipswich Special HospitalSony VAIO PCG-7174L battery. It was finally named the Challinor Centre in 1968 in honour of Dr. Henry Challinor, the ships surgeon on the Fortitude. From 1968 to 1997 the Challinor Centre served as an institution for people with intellectual disabilities. In late 1997 the Challinor Centre began its first stage of transformation as the new UQ Ipswich campus.
Herston campusSony VAIO PCG-7173L battery
The UQ Herston campus is the home of the UQ Mayne Medical School and is the core campus for clinical health teaching and research. The campus is situated in Herston and operates within Queensland Health system of the Royal Brisbane Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, Royal Women's Hospital and the Queensland Institute of Medical Research. It is home to the School of Medicine, the School of Population HealthSony VAIO PCG-7172L battery, the Herston Health Sciences Library, the Centre for Clinical Research and clinical research and learning activities of the School of Nursing and Midwifery.
Helicopter view of Heron Island Research Station
There are other research and education facilities not attached directly to the three campuses. These locations are primarily for research which cannot be undertaken in the campus locales but also represent buildings which established pre-eminence in education before the creation of the current campusesSony VAIO PCG-7171L battery.
Turbot Street — Turbot Street is University of Queensland Dental School and associated disciplines campus. It comprises the Hospital Building, the Clinical Building and the Pre-clinical Building at the junction of Turbot Street and Albert Street and next to the Old Windmill in the Brisbane central business district. The campus also houses the Dentistry LibrarySony VAIO PCG-7162L battery, the Dentistry Learning Centre, the Biomaterials Laboratory and the Orthodontics Laboratory. It operates within the Brisbane Dental Hospital of the Queensland Health North Brisbane Oral Health Services and also draws on the Faculty of Health Science resources and support of the St Lucia campus.
Queen Street — Queen Street, Brisbane is the location of the Customs House and the Business School Downtown VenueSony VAIO PCG-7161L battery. Customs House is one of Brisbane's heritage icons and is located on the river along Queen Street in the Brisbane central business district. It is owned and operated by The University of Queensland as a cultural, educational and heritage facility. The UQ Business School Downtown is an inner-city corporate education, meeting and dining venue and facility which is situated on Level 19 of Central Plaza One in the Brisbane central business districtSony VAIO PCG-7154L battery.
Indooroopilly — Indooroopilly is the site of the Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre and the Queensland University Regiment Logistics Company. The Julius Kruttschnitt Mineral Research Centre of the Sustainable Minerals Institute is situated at the former silver and lead mine situated at Finney's Hill in Indooroopilly. It was acquired by the University in 1951 by the School of Mining EngineeringSony VAIO PCG-7153L battery. The Centre was officially established as a University Centre and Experimental Mine in 1970, with a goal to develop practical technical solutions for large-scale mining and minerals industry challenges. The Queensland University Regiment Logistics Company is housed in the Witton Barracks, Indooroopilly.
Pinjarra Hills - the Pinjarra Hills Research StationSony VAIO PCG-7152L battery, the Veterinary Science Farm and the Pinjarra Aquatic Research Station are located in Pinjarra Hills, Brisbane. The Aquatic Research Station investigates aquaculture and inland ecology.
Heron Island — the Heron Island Research Station is situated on Heron Island, 72 km north-east of Gladstone. Its primary use is for coral reef ecology research and teaching and is an integral component of the Great Barrier Reef Ocean Observations System and the national Integrated Marine Observing System. It consists of over thirty buildings situated on a two hectare leaseSony VAIO PCG-7151L battery.
Low Isles — the Low Isles Research Station is located 15 km northeast of Port Douglas in Northern Queensland in a lagoon area of the Marine National Park Zone of the Great Barrier Reef.
Moreton Bay — the Moreton Bay Research Station and Study Centre is located in Dunwich on North Stradbroke Island and researches the ecosystemsSony VAIO PCG-7148L battery.
Mt Nebo — the University of Queensland operates an International Seismograph Station on Mt Nebo.
Charters Towers — the University of Queensland operates an International Seismograph Station at Charters Towers.
Goondiwindi — the Goondiwindi Pastoral Veterinary Centre was set up in 1965 to establish a centre for teaching and research in veterinary practice and is located at Goondiwindi 360 km west of Brisbane on the Queensland/NSW borderSony VPCW21M2E/WI battery.
Dayboro — the Dayboro Veterinary Surgery was bought by the University in 1987 as a teaching clinic for fifth year veterinary students in their dairy cattle medicine rotation. Later, separate brick accommodation was built for student accommodation. Research projects into practical aspects of dairy production are frequently carried out by clinic staffSony VPCW21C7E battery. There is a full range of veterinary services and pet care for dogs, cats, horses, cows, alpacas, goats in fact all small and large animals.
The University of Queensland is organised into a number of divisions for academic, administrative and logistical purposes.
The Senate is the governing body of the University of Queensland and consists of 22 members from the university and community. The Senate is led by the Chancellor and Deputy Chancellor, elected by the SenateSony VPCW12S1E/WZ battery. The University of Queensland Act 1998 grants Senate wide powers to appoint staff, manage and control University affairs and property, and manage and control finances to promote the University's interests.
The Vice-Chancellor is the University's chief executive officer and is appointed by and responsible to the Senate for the overall direction of strategic planning, finance and affairs of the universitySony VPCW12S1E/W battery. The Vice-Chancellor is supported by an Executive to whom the University's organisational units report and provides advice on policy and administrative matters relating to their area of responsibility.
The Academic Board is the University's senior academic advisory body. It formulates policy on academic matters including new programs, teaching, learning and assessment, research, promotions, student academic matters, prizes and scholarshipsSony VPCW12S1E/T battery. An Academic Board member is elected annually as its President. The President is assisted by a half-time Deputy President. Its members include the Vice-Chancellor's Executive, Executive Deans of Faculties, Institute Directors, Heads of Schools, Dean of the Graduate School, Directors of Central Service Units, the University Academic Registrar, the President of the UQ Student Union, and 5 Student RepresentativesSony VPCW12S1E/P battery.
Student organizations and activities
Events and Traditions
Three Minute Thesis
In 2008, the university originated the Three Minute Thesis competition for students completing a higher degree by research. Three Minute Thesis is now held annually at universities across Australasia. It challenges participants to present their research in just 180 seconds, in an engaging form that can be understood by an intelligent audience with no background in the research areaSony VPCW11S1E/W battery. This exercise develops presentation, research and academic communication skills and supports the development of research students' capacity to explain their work effectively.
Great Court Race
Based on the Trinity College Great Court Run of the University of Cambridge, the University of Queensland organises an annual 636m sprint race around the UQ sandstone Great CourtSony VPCW11S1E/T battery.
Whenever the song Eagle Rock is played, it is tradition for students to drop their pants, not including underwear. Moreover, it is policy of the UQ Union and the Red Room, the university bar and pub, that no individual can be removed from it. The tradition is often attributed to a group of mining engineering students, who at the time were residents of St Johns College. Sony VPCW11S1E/P battery
During Orientation week and the first week of each semester, Market Day is organised throughout Campbell Place and the Great Court at the St Lucia Campus. The UQ Union and clubs and societies have stalls and organises social activities.
The UQ Careers Fair is an annual event that brings together university students and major employers from across the countrySony VPCYA1S1E/B battery.
The University of Queensland has 11 residential colleges with 10 of these located on its St Lucia campus and one on its Gatton campus. The University of Queensland Intercollege Council is the organisational and representative body for the residential colleges which coordinates sporting and cultural events and competitionsSony VPCYA1V9E/B battery.
Cromwell College is a co-ed college founded in 1950. It is affiliated with the Uniting Church and accommodates 190 students.
Duchesne College is a women's only college founded in 1937 in Toowong, moving the university in 1959. It is affiliated with the Society of the Sacred Heart and accommodates 200 students.
Emmanuel College is a co-educational college founded in 1911. It accommodates 350 studentsSony VPCY21S1E/SI battery.
Gatton Halls of Residence was established in 1897 and has 440 residential students, making it by far the largest and oldest college at the University.
Grace College is a women's college founded in 1970. It accommodates 180 students.
International House is a co-educational college for International and Australian students founded in 1965Sony VPCY21S1E/L battery.
King's College provides accommodation for 260 male students of the University.
St John's College is a co-educational college founded in 1911. It is administered by the Anglican Diocese of Brisbane.
St Leo's College is a men's college affiliated with the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane.
Union College is a co-educational college named after the student union.
Women's College is an independent college for female studentsSony VPCY21S1E/G battery.
The University of Queensland maintains a number of support and student services. Each campus of St Lucia, Ipswich and Gatton have Student Centres which provide information and support services. The UQ Union is the peak student representation body that coordinates various student services and activitiesSony VPCY11S1E/S battery.
University of Queensland Debating Society (UQDS) - the University of Queensland Debating Society is one of the oldest and most active student societies at UQ. As of 2011 UQDS is ranked 6th in the World.
University of Queensland Library is the university's library network. It consists of 15 branches.
UQ Sport offers a wide range of sport, fitness and recreation opportunities at the St Lucia, Gatton and Ipswich campuses of The University of QueenslandSony VPCY11S1E battery. Its facilities and services are open to students, staff, alumni, and the general public.
The UQ Aquatic Centre is operated by UQ Sport and consists of two pools; a 50 metre, outdoor heated pool and a small enclosed heated teaching pool. The main pool is a 50m lap pool with a minimum of three lanes dedicated to public lap swimming throughout our opening hoursSony VPCZ11X9E/B battery. The UQ Athletics Centre maintains an Olympic standard 8 lane synthetic track and grandstand able to accommodate up to 565 spectators. The UQ Sport and Fitness Centre is a multi-purpose indoor facility comprising a three level weights gym, including four Olympic lifting platforms and a power lifting area, an air-conditioned cardio studio, a RPM stationary bike cycle studio, Sony VPCZ11Z9E/B battery an indoor sports pavilion, a martial arts gymnasium, a multipurpose area, and five squash courts. The UQ Tennis Centre is the largest tennis centre in both Brisbane and Queensland, it features 21 floodlit courts and a shop the centre hosts various fixtures and coaching programs for all ages and skill levels. The UQ Playing Fields and Ovals is also managed by UQ Sport, home to a total of eight oval fields at the St Lucia campusSony VPCZ12M9E/B battery. The majority are designated for use by particular sports including cricket, rugby and soccer. These ovals are also used for recreational activities and lunchtime social sport.