Purdue University And University of Southampton

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Purdue University, located in West Lafayette, Indiana, U.S., is the flagship university of the six-campus Purdue University system. Purdue was founded on May 6, 1869, as a land-grant university when the Indiana General Assembly, taking advantage of the Morrill Act, accepted a donation of land and money from Lafayette businessman John Purdue to establish a collegeSony PCG-71313M battery of science, technology, and agriculture in his name. The first classes were held on September 16, 1874, with six instructors and 39 students. Today, Purdue enrolls the second largest student body of any university in Indiana as well as the second largest international student population of any public university in the United StatesSony PCG-71212M battery.

Purdue offers both undergraduate and graduate programs in over 210 major areas of study, and is well known for its competitive engineering curricula. The university has also been highly influential in America's history of aviation, having established the first college credit offered in flight training, the first four-year bachelor's degree in aviationSony PCG-71311M battery, and the first university airport (Purdue University Airport). In the mid-20th century, Purdue's aviation program expanded to encompass advanced spaceflight technology giving rise to Purdue's nickname, Cradle of Astronauts. Twenty-two Purdue graduates have gone on to become astronauts, including Gus Grissom (one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts) Sony PCG-71213M battery, Neil Armstrong (the first person to walk on the moon), and Eugene Cernan (the most recent person to walk on the moon).

History

John Purdue, the university's eponymous benefactor

In 1865, the Indiana General Assembly voted to take advantage of the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act of 1862, and began plans to establish an institution with a focus on agriculture and engineering. Communities throughout the state offered their facilities and money to bid for the location of the new collegeSony PCG-61211M battery. Popular proposals included the addition of an agriculture department at Indiana University or at what is now Butler University. By 1869, Tippecanoe County’s offer included $150,000 from Lafayette business leader and philanthropist John Purdue, $50,000 from the county, and 100 acres (40 ha) of land from local residents. On May 6, 1869Sony VAIO VPCF24Q1E battery, the General Assembly established the institution in Tippecanoe County as Purdue University, in the name of the principal benefactor. Classes began at Purdue on September 16, 1874, with six instructors and 39 students. A campus of five buildings was completed by the end of the year.[9] Purdue issued its first degree, a Bachelor of Science in chemistry, in 1875 and admitted its first women students that fallSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/H battery.

Emerson E. White, the university’s president from 1876 to 1883, followed a strict interpretation of the Morrill Act. Rather than emulate the classical universities, White believed that Purdue should be an "industrial college" and devote its resources toward providing a liberal (or broad) education with an emphasis on science, technology, and agricultureSony VAIO VPCF12Z1E/BI battery. He intended not only to prepare students for industrial work, but also to prepare them to be good citizens and family members. Part of White’s plan to distinguish Purdue from classical universities included a controversial attempt to ban fraternities. This ban was ultimately overturned by the Indiana Supreme Court and led to White’s resignationSony VAIO VPCF12S1E/B battery.

A view of Purdue University in 1904

In the late 1890s former U.S. President Benjamin Harrison served on the board of trustees and delivered lectures about world affairs. By the end of the nineteenth century, the university was organized into schools of agriculture, engineering (mechanical, civil, and electrical), and pharmacy. Purdue had a number of engineering laboratories, including testing facilities for a locomotive and a Corliss steam engine, one of the most efficient engines of the timeSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E/BI battery. The School of Agriculture was sharing its research with farmers throughout the state with its cooperative extension services and would undergo a period of growth over the following two decades. Programs in education and home economics were soon established, as well as a short-lived school of medicineSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E battery.

President Edward C. Elliott oversaw a campus building program between the world wars. Inventor, alumnus, and trustee David E. Ross coordinated several fundraisers, donated lands to the university, and was instrumental in establishing the Purdue Research Foundation. Ross’s gifts and fundraisers supported such projects as Ross–Ade Stadium, the Memorial Union, a civil engineering surveying camp, and the Purdue University AirportSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery. The Purdue Airport was the country’s first university-owned airport and the site of the country’s first college-credit flight training courses. Amelia Earhart joined the Purdue faculty in 1935 as a consultant for these flight courses and as a counselor on women’s careers. In 1937, the Purdue Research Foundation provided the funds for the Lockheed Electra 10-E that Earhart flew on her attempted round-the-world flightSony VAIO VPCF1318E/H battery.

Every school and department at the university was involved in some type of military research or training during World War II. During a project on radar receivers, Purdue physicists discovered properties of germanium that led to the making of the first transistor. The Army and the Navy conducted training programs at Purdue and more than 17,500 students, staff, and alumni served in the armed forcesSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery. Purdue also set up about a hundred centers throughout Indiana to train skilled workers for defense industries. As veterans returned to the university under the G.I. Bill, first-year classes were taught at some of these sites to alleviate the demand for campus space. Four of these sites are now degree-granting regional campuses of the Purdue University systemSony VAIO VPCF13J0E/H battery. Purdue’s on-campus housing became racially desegregated in 1947, following pressure from Purdue President Frederick L. Hovde and Indiana Governor Ralph F. Gates.

After the war, Hovde worked to expand the academic opportunities at the university. The 1950s saw a decade-long construction program with an emphasis on science and research. The university established programs in veterinary medicine, industrial management, and nursing, as well as the first computer science department in the United States.Sony VAIO VPCF13E8E battery Undergraduate humanities courses were strengthened, although Hovde only reluctantly approved of graduate-level study in these areas. Purdue awarded its first Bachelor of Arts degrees in 1960.[24] The programs in liberal arts and education, formerly administered by the School of Science, were soon split into their own schoolSony VAIO VPCF13E4E battery.

In recent years, Purdue’s leaders have continued to support high-tech research and international programs. In 1987, U.S. President Ronald Reagan visited the West Lafayette campus to give a speech about the influence of technological progress on job creation. In the 1990s, the university expanded its course offerings in foreign languages and world cultures and added more opportunities to study abroadSony VAIO VPCF12M1E/H battery. The first buildings of the Discovery Park interdisciplinary research center were dedicated in 2004. Purdue launched a Global Policy Research Institute in 2010 to explore the potential impact of technical knowledge on public policy decisions.

Campus

View of the entrance to the Purdue Mall

Purdue's campus is situated in the small city of West Lafayette, near the western bank of the Wabash River, across which sits the larger city of Lafayette. State Street, which is concurrent with State Road 26, divides the northern and southern portions of campusSony VAIO VPCF12F4E/H battery. Academic buildings are mostly concentrated on the eastern and southern parts of campus, with residence halls to the west, and athletic facilities to the north. The Greater Lafayette Public Transportation Corporation (CityBus) operates eight campus loop bus routes on which students, faculty, and staff can ride free of chargeSony VAIO VPCF12E1E/H battery.

Purdue Mall

Engineering Fountain

The Purdue Mall is the central quad of Purdue University. It is also known as the Engineering Mall, due to its proximity to several engineering buildings. The most prominent feature of the Purdue Mall is the 38-foot (12 m)-tall concrete Engineering Fountain, and also features the Frederick L. Hovde Hall of Administration, which houses the office of the university presidentSony VAIO VPCF11Z1E/BI battery, France A. Córdova. The Purdue Bell Tower is located between the Purdue and Memorial Malls. The Bell Tower is considered an icon of the university and can be found on many Purdue logos and those of the cities of Lafayette and West Lafayette.

Southwest of the Purdue Mall is the Edward C. Elliott Hall of Music, one of the largest proscenium theaters in the worldSony VAIO VPCF24M1E battery. Purdue's Student Concert Committee often invites famous entertainers to perform there for an audience of students, faculty, and the general public.

Memorial Mall

Purdue Memorial Union

The Purdue Memorial Mall, located south of the Purdue Mall, is the original section of campus. A popular meeting place for students, the grassy, open Memorial Mall is surrounded by the Stewart Student Center, Stanley Coulter Hall, the Class of 1950 Lecture Hall, Recitation BuildingSony VAIO VPCF23S1E battery, Winthrop Stone Hall, and University Hall. The Memorial Mall also features the Hello Walk. Near this section of campus is Felix Haas Hall, which was constructed in 1909 as Memorial Gymnasium in memory of the 17 Purdue University football players, coaches, alumni, and fans who perished in the Purdue Wreck railroad accident on October 31, 1903. The structure was renovated in 1985 to house the Computer Science departmentSony VAIO VPCF231S1E battery. In 2006, it was renamed in honor of retired Provost Felix Haas and began to also house the Statistics department. East of the Memorial Mall is the Purdue Memorial Union, Purdue's student union building, and the adjacent Union Club Hotel.

University Hall is the only building remaining from the original six-building campus. Construction began in 1871, when the building was known as "The Main Building"Sony VAIO VPCF23Q1E battery. The building was dedicated in 1877 and the project cost $35,000 to complete. University Hall originally housed the office of the president, a chapel, and classrooms, but was remodeled in 1961 to house only the department of history and classrooms used by the School of Liberal Arts. At the request of John Purdue, he was buried in the Memorial Mall, directly across from the main entrance of University HallSony VAIO VPCF23M1E battery.

South campus

This section requires expansion. (December 2011)

The area south of State Street is home to Purdue's agricultural, fine arts, life sciences, and veterinary buildings. This area also includes the Horticulture Gardens, Discovery Park, and the Purdue Airport.

Purdue University Horticulture Gardens

West campus

The western portion of campus consists of student housing, dining, and recreation facilities. Students can play club and intramural sports at the Recreational Sports CenterSony VAIO VPCF22S8E battery, the Boilermaker Aquatic Center, and the intramural playing fields in this area. Purdue's Recreational Sports Center, built in 1957, is the first building in the nation created solely to serve university student recreational needs. As a replacement for the previously separate women's and men's gymnasiums, it was originally called the "Co-recreational Gymnasium".Sony VAIO VPCF22S1E battery Despite several official name changes, it has been nicknamed "the Co-rec" ever since. From January 2011 until August 2012, the building will undergo a LEED-certified expansion and renovation project to become the Student Wellness and Fitness Center.

Stadium area

Much of the northern part of campus sits on land purchased for the university by industrialist David E. Ross and author and humorist George Ade in the 1920sSony VAIO VPCF22M1E battery. Many of Purdue's athletic facilities are located there, including Ross–Ade Stadium (American football), Mackey Arena (basketball), and Lambert Fieldhouse (indoor track and field). This area also includes the Slayter Center of Performing Arts and Cary Quadrangle, one of the largest all-male housing units in the country. David Ross is one of two people buried on Purdue's campus (the other being John Purdue) Sony VAIO VPCF22L1E battery. His grave site is in a garden atop the hill just to west of the Slayter band shell. Other athletic facilities are located a mile west of the stadium, at the newer Northwest Athletic Complex.

Academics

Organization and administration

Purdue offers more than 200 options for major areas of study at the West Lafayette campus alone, and a variety of options for minors. Purdue is organized into ten colleges and schools. On July 1, 2010 the College of Health and Human Sciences was formedSony VAIO VPCF22J1E battery. The new college was created by combining existing academic units. These units include the School of Nursing, the School of Health Sciences, the College of Consumer and Family Sciences, and non-humanities majors from the College of Liberal Arts; namely psychology and hearing and speech pathologySony VAIO VPCF11S1E/B battery.

The University President, appointed by the Board of Trustees, is the chief administrative officer of the university. The office of the president oversees admission and registration, student conduct and counseling, the administration and scheduling of classes and space, the administration of student athletics and organized extracurricular activities, the libraries, the appointment of the faculty and conditions of their employmentSony VAIO VPCF11M1E/H battery, the appointment of all non-faculty employees and the conditions of employment, the general organization of the university, and the planning and administration of the university budget.

The Board of Trustees directly appoints other major officers of the university including a provost, who serves as the chief academic officer for the university, a number of vice presidents with oversight over specific university operations, and the regional campus chancellorsSony VAIO VPCF11D4E battery.

Research

The University expended $472.7 million in support of research system-wide in 2006–07, using funds received from the state and federal governments, industry, foundations, and individual donors. The faculty and more than 400 research laboratories put Purdue University among the leading research institutionsSony VAIO VPCF11C5E battery. Purdue University is considered by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education to have "very high research activity". Purdue also was rated the nation's fourth best place to work in academia, according to rankings released in November 2007 by The Scientist magazine. Purdue's researchers provide insight, knowledge, assistance, and solutions in many crucial areasSony VAIO VPCF11C4E/B battery. These include, but are not limited to Agriculture; Business and Economy; Education; Engineering; Environment; Healthcare; Individuals, Society, Culture; Manufacturing; Science; Technology; Veterinary Medicine.

Materials Science and Electrical Engineering Building

Purdue University generated a record $438 million in sponsored research funding during the 2009–10 fiscal year with participation from National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationSony VAIO PCG-31114M battery, and the U.S. departments of Agriculture, Defense, Energy, and Health and Human Services.

Purdue University established the Discovery Park to bring innovation through multidisciplinary action. In all of the eleven centers of Discovery Park, ranging from entrepreneurship to energy and advanced manufacturing, research projects reflect a large economic impact and address global challengesSony VAIO PCG-31113M battery. Purdue University's nanotechnology research program, built around the new Birck Nanotechnology Center in Discovery Park, ranks among the best in the nation.

The Purdue Research Park which opened in 1961 was developed by Purdue Research Foundation which is a private, nonprofit foundation created to assist Purdue. The park is focused on companies operating in the arenas of life sciences, homeland securitySony VAIO PCG-31112M battery, engineering, advanced manufacturing and information technology. It provides an interactive environment for experienced Purdue researchers and for private business and high-tech industry.[44] It currently employs more than 3,000 people in 155 companies, including 90 technology-based firms. The Purdue Research Park was ranked first by the Association of University Research Parks in 2004Sony VAIO PCG-31111M battery.

Rankings

In national rankings for 2011, Purdue was ranked #40 by ARWU, #62 by U.S. News & World Report, and #79 by Washington Monthly. In global rankings for 2011, the university was ranked #61 by ARWU, #85 by QS, and #98 by Times. The engineering program has been ranked in the top by both national and international ranking agenciesSony VAIO PCG-41112M battery. The Academic Ranking of World Universities has ranked Purdue's engineering program #10 internationally in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences rankings. The U.S. News & World Report] has featured Purdue's engineering program among its top 10, ever since its inception. In 2012, [U.S. News & World Report has ranked Purdue's undergraduate engineering program at #9 in the nationSony VAIO PCG-41111M battery. In the 2013 U.S. News & World Report Graduate School Rankings, Purdue is ranked #10 in the nation for its engineering program.

Sustainability

Purdue's Sustainability Council, composed of University administrators and professors, meets monthly to discuss environmental issues and sustainability initiatives at Purdue. The University is currently constructing its first LEED Certified building in an addition to the Mechanical Engineering building, which is to be completed in Spring 2011SONY VAIO PCG-21212M battery. The school is also in the process of developing an arboretum on campus. In addition, a system has been set up to display live data detailing current energy production at the campus utility plant. The school holds an annual "Green Week" each fall, an effort to engage the Purdue community with issues relating to environmental sustainabilitySONY VAIO PCG-21211M battery.

Student life

Student body

Graduation Ceremony

The Purdue student body is composed primarily of students from Indiana. In 2006–07, 23,086 out of a total of 39,288 students enrolled were Indiana residents. As of 2007, the racial diversity of the undergraduate student body was 86.9% white, 5.51% Asian, 3.53% African American, and 2.75% Hispanic. Of these students, 41.2% are femaleSONY VAIO PCG-51212M battery. Domestic minorities constitute a total of 15.4% in the Graduate student body population of which 38.5% are female. The largest minority (six percent of the full-time student body) is international, representing 123 countries. In graduate student population, non-residents occupy an overwhelming majority, about 78%.Almost all undergraduates and about 70% of the graduate student population attend full-timeSONY VAIO PCG-51211M battery. The school's selectivity for admissions is "more selective" by USNWR: approximately 70% of applicants are admitted.

Housing

Cary Quad and Spitzer Court at Purdue University

Purdue University operates fifteen separate residence halls for its undergraduate and graduate students, including Cary Quadrangle, Earhart Hall, First Street Towers, Harrison Hall, Hawkins Hall, Hillenbrand Hall, Hilltop Apartments, McCutcheon Hall, Meredith Hall, Owen Hall, Purdue Village, Shreve Hall, Tarkington Hall, Wiley Hall, and Windsor Halls. Of the residence hallsSONY VAIO PCG-51112M battery, Cary and Tarkington are male-only while Windsor is female-only; the remainder are coed. The newest residence hall, First Street Towers, opened in July 2009.

There are 12 cooperative houses at Purdue (5 men's houses and 7 women's houses). The men's houses include Circle Pines, Fairway, Marwood, Chauncey, and Gemini. The women's houses include Ann Tweedale, GlenwoodSONY VAIO PCG-51111M battery, Twin Pines, Maclure, Stewart, Devonshire, and Shoemaker. All cooperative houses are governed under the Purdue Cooperative Council which is led by Purdue University students who live in these houses. The cooperative system allows for a much lower cost of living than other types of housing, as the members take an active role in sharing chores and cooking all meals themselves, as opposed to hiring out cleaning and cooking staffSONY VAIO PCG-81212M battery.

Purdue University hosts the nation's third largest Greek community, with approximately 5,000 students participating in one of the 46 men's fraternities or 29 women's sororities. Several of Purdue's most distinguished graduates are members of fraternities and sororities. Purdue's Greek system is very strong and works together in various aspects, including the Inter-Fraternity Council, Panhellenic, and many very successful philanthropiesSony VAIO PCG-81112M battery. For example, in 2010, Zeta Tau Alpha's philanthropy, Big Man On Campus (BMOC) raised over $125,000 with the help of the rest of the Greek community, all benefitting Breast Cancer awareness and research. Every Chapter has their own national philanthropy dedicated to a certain cause that many chapters also participate in. Besides philanthropySONY VAIO PCG-71111M battery, Purdue Greeks are involved all over campus including College Mentors for Kids, Purdue University Dance Marathon, Boiler Gold Rush, Purdue Student Government and many other various activities.

Media

The Purdue Exponent, an independent student newspaper, has the largest circulation of any Indiana college newspaper, with a daily circulation of 17,500 copies during the spring and fall semestersSONY VAIO PCG-7196M battery.

WBAA is a radio station owned by Purdue University. The station operates on the AM frequency of 920 kHz and FM frequency of 101.3 MHz. Its studios are in the Edward C. Elliott Hall of Music on the Purdue campus, and the transmitters are located in Lafayette, Indiana. WBAA is the longest continuously-operating radio station in Indiana, having been licensed on April 4, 1922SONY VAIO PCG-7195M battery. WBAA airs NPR and local news/talk programming during the day. Overnight, the AM station airs jazz while the FM station airs classical music.

There are also a few campus radio stations on campus. Currently, three radio stations operate from residence halls, broadcasting via internet only; WCCR from Cary Quadrangle (not to be confused with the current WCCR FM or WCCR-LP stations in other states) SONY VAIO PCG-7194M battery, WILY from Wiley Hall, and WHHR from Harrison Hall. A fourth student station, the Purdue Student Radio club operates from the Purdue Memorial Union and broadcasts on low power AM in addition to internet streaming.

W9YB is the callsign of the Amateur Radio Club at Purdue University. W9YB also holds the self declared title of having one of the largest and most active collegiate amateur radio stations in the countrySONY VAIO PCG-7192M battery. W9YB actively participates in emergency management for the Tippecanoe County area and maintains ready status with its members in skills to assist.

Athletics

See also: Purdue Boilermakers

Former Purdue Football head coach, Joe Tiller

Purdue is home to 18 Division I/I-A NCAA teams including football, basketball, cross country, tennis, wrestling, golf, volleyball, and others. Purdue is a founding member of the Big Ten Conference, and played a central role in its creationSONY PCG-8113M battery. Traditional rivals include Big Ten colleagues the Indiana Hoosiers (see Indiana–Purdue rivalry), the Illinois Fighting Illini, and the Notre Dame Fighting Irish from the Big East Conference (football program independent, however).

The Boilermaker men's and women's basketball teams have won more Big Ten Championships than any other conference school, with 27 conference banners, including a league-leading 22 for the men’s teamSONY PCG-8112M battery. Purdue men's basketball has an all-time winning record against all Big Ten schools. Best the 7th seed St Mary's team in the 2012 NCAA March Madness

Purdue has one of the few college athletic programs that is not funded by student fees or subsidized by the university.

Insignia and traditions

See also: Purdue University legends

Boilermakers

Purdue Pete – one of the most recognized symbols of Purdue University

Main article: Purdue Boilermakers

The moniker for the University's athletics teams has become a popular reference for all things Purdue. A reporter first used the name in 1891 to describe the year's winning football team and quickly gained approval from studentsSONY PCG-7134M battery.

Mascots, logos, and colors

In the more than 130 years since the founding of the university, several mascots have emerged in support of the Boilermaker athletic teams, including: The Boilermaker Special, Purdue Pete, and more recently, Rowdy.

The Boilermaker Special has been the official mascot of Purdue University since 1940. Designed to look like a train locomotive, the Special was originally designed to demonstrate Purdue's engineering programs and is maintained by the members of the Purdue Reamer ClubSONY PCG-7131M battery .

As the official mascot of Purdue Athletics, Purdue Pete is one of the most recognized symbols of Purdue University.

An 18-foot (5.5 m) statue of "The Boilermaker" was erected in 2005 across from Ross Ade Stadium.

Purdue University adopted its school colors, Old Gold and Black, in the fall of 1887SONY PCG-7122M battery . Members of Purdue's first football team in 1887 felt that the squad should be distinguished by certain colors, and since Princeton was at the time the most successful gridiron unit, its colors were considered. Though actually orange and black, the Princeton colors were known by many as yellow and black. Purdue gridders opted for old gold over yellow, kept the black, and began flying the colors that endure todaySONY PCG-7121M battery.

Seal

The official seal of Purdue was officially inaugurated during the University's centennial in 1969. The seal, approved by the Board of Trustees, was designed by Prof. Al Gowan, formerly at Purdue. It replaced one that had been in use for 73 years, but was never officially accepted by the board.

In medieval heraldry, a griffin symbolized strengthSONY PCG-7113M battery, and Abby P. Lytle used it in her 1895 design for a Purdue seal. When Professor Gowan redesigned the seal, he retained the griffin symbol to continue identification with the older, unofficial seal. As on the older seal, the words "Purdue University" are set in the typeface Uncial. The three-part shield indicates three stated aims of the University: education, research, and serviceSONY PCG-7112M battery, replacing the words Science, Technology, and Agriculture on the earlier version.

Song

The official fight song of Purdue University, "Hail Purdue!", was composed in 1912 by alumni Edward Wotawa (music) and James Morrison (lyrics) as the "Purdue War Song".[79] "Hail Purdue" was copyrighted in 1913 and dedicated to the Varsity Glee ClubSONY PCG-8Z3M battery .

Grand Prix

Main article: Purdue Grand Prix

This 50-mile, 160-lap go-kart race is "The Greatest Spectacle in College Racing" and wraps up Gala Week each year. All 33 participating karts are made from scratch by student teams. The event has been raising money for student scholarships since it began in 1958.

Old Oaken Bucket

Found on a farm in southern Indiana, the oaken bucket is one of the oldest football trophies in the nation. The winner of the annual Purdue vsSONY PCG-8Z2M battery. Indiana University American football game gets to add a bronze "P" or "I" chain link and keep the trophy until the next face-off. Ironically, the first competition in 1925 led to a 0–0 tie, resulting in the first link on the chain being an "IP." Purdue currently leads the trophy series at 57-27-3.

Boiler Gold Rush

Boiler Gold Rush (BGR) is Purdue's new-student orientation program. BGR, which takes place before each fall semesterSONY PCG-8Z1M battery, was formed to ease the transition to college for incoming students and to help them get acquainted with successful college life. The Boiler Gold Rush program was formed by Roger Sharritt in 1993. In the first year, Sharritt’s operation, then called Corn Camp, served just 100 new students with around 15 staff. Since 1993, the program has gone from being called Corn Camp to Boiler Gold RushSONY PCG-8Y3M battery, has moved from operations in the Cary Quadrangle living residence to the Student Access, Transition and Success (SATS) office, and has increased from 100 students to over 5,500 in 2011. Other significant changes are that the program now takes place the week immediately preceding the beginning of the fall semester and that during BGR, students live in the rooms they will be living in for the rest of the yearSONY PCG-8Y2M battery, which was not the case in the first few years of the program’s development.

Boiler Gold Rush activities include speaker presentations from various academic, cultural, safety and professional organizations on campus, campus tours led by Team Leaders, academic 'meet the schools' picnic and interest sessions, late night events at the Purdue Memorial Union, Recreational Sports Center and local stores, and a sports pep rallySONY PCG-7Z1M battery .

Breakfast Club

Students dress up in costumes – from traditional Halloween garb to creative, hand-made costumes as they bar-hop before Boilermaker home football games. The Breakfast Club plays a significant role during the football season, combining the two most common college hobbies – drinking and football. It can best be described as a mixture between a pep rally and a Halloween partySONY PCG-6W2M battery. Many football fans are very dedicated, getting up at 5 am on Saturdays and lining up at the bars on Chauncey Hill by 6 am.

This tradition also takes place the day of the annual Grand Prix race in April.

Main article: List of Purdue University people

Faculty

The original faculty of six in 1874 has grown to 2,563 tenured and tenure-track faculty in the Purdue Statewide System by Fall 2007 totalsSONY PCG-5J5M battery. The number of faculty and staff members system-wide is 18,872. The current faculty includes scholars such as Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar – known for his contributions to singularity theory, Arden L. Bement Jr. – Director of the National Science Foundation, R. Graham Cooks, Joseph Francisco, Douglas Comer, Louis de Branges de Bourcia who proved the Bieberbach conjectureSONY PCG-5K2M battery , Ei-ichi Negishi, Victor Raskin, Michael Rossmann who mapped human common cold virus, Leah Jamieson, James L. Mohler, who has written several manuals of computer graphics, and H. Jay Melosh

Purdue's tenured faculty comprises sixty Academic Deans, Associate Deans, and Assistant Deans; 63 Academic Department Heads; 753 Professors; 547 Associate ProfessorsSONY PCG-5K1M battery ; and 447 Assistant Professors. Purdue employs 892 non-tenure-track faculty, Lecturers, and Postdoctorals at its West Lafayette campus. Purdue employs another 691 tenured and 1,021 Non-Tenure Track Faculty, Lecturers, and Postdoctorals at its Regional Campuses and Statewide TechnologySONY PCG-5J4M battery.

Two faculty members have been awarded Nobel Prizes while at Purdue, in addition to a third laureate, Herbert C. Brown, who was a former Purdue faculty member. In all seven Nobel Prizes have been associated with Purdue including alumni, researchers, current and previous facultySONY PCG-5J1M battery.

Alumni

Neil Armstrong

Purdue alumni have achieved recognition in a range of areas, particularly in science and industry. The university's alumni pool collectively holds over 15,000 United States patents.

Purdue has produced 22 astronauts, including Gus Grissom, the first vertically launched person to return to space, Neil Armstrong, the first to walk on the moon, and Eugene Cernan, the most recent astronaut to do soSONY PCG-5G2M battery . Over one third of all of NASA's manned space missions have had at least one Purdue graduate as a crew member.

In science, Purdue has also produced a trio of Nobel prize winning physicists in Edward Mills Purcell, Ben Roy Mottelson, and Julian Schwinger; as well as a trio of Nobel prize winning chemists in Akira Suzuki, Herbert C. Brown, and Ei-ichi NegishiSony VAIO PCG-8131M battery. Other noted Purdue alumni in science include pioneer of robotics and remote control technology Thomas B. Sheridan, Debian founder Ian Murdock, Chinese physicist Deng Jiaxian and biochemist Edwin T. Mertz, who is credited with discovery of high-protein corn and beans.

In business and economics, Purdue alumni include Stephen Bechtel, owner of Bechtel Corporation; Nobel prize winning economist Vernon L. SmithSony VAIO PCG-8152M battery; Federal Reserve Bank president Jeffrey Lacker; and popcorn specialist Orville Redenbacher. In 2010, Bloomberg also revealed that Purdue was one of the universities in America with the most undergraduate alumni serving as chief executive officers of Standard & Poor's 500 firms. They are Gregory Wasson, president/CEO of Walgreen Co, Mark Miller, chairman/president/CEO of Stericycle Inc, Charles Davidson, chairman/CEO of Noble Energy IncSony VAIO PCG-31311M battery, Samuel Allen, chairman /president/CEO of Deere & Co., Donald Thompson, president/COO of McDonald's Corp., and John Martin, chairman/CEO of Gilead Sciences Inc.

In government and culture, Purdue alumni include former Egyptian Prime Minister Essam Sharaf, Pulitzer Prize winners Booth Tarkington and John T. McCutcheon, theater and television director Tom MooreSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery, CEO of Rand Corporation James Thomson, founder and CEO of C-SPAN Brian Lamb, former Governor of Indiana Harry G. Leslie, former Governor of Mississippi Kirk Fordice, former Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture Earl L. Butz, former United States Senator Birch Bayh, 2012 Presidential Candidate Herman Cain, Current West Virginia Congressman David McKinleySony VAIO PCG-8112M battery, Chinese nationalist General Sun Liren, Anthony W. Miller, United States Deputy Secretary of Education, and University of Chicago president Hugo F. Sonnenschein.

In sports, Purdue has produced basketball coach John Wooden, basketball Hall of Famers Stretch Murphy, Piggy Lambert and Rick Mount; NBA Champions Paul Hoffman, Herm Gilliam, Frank Kendrick, Jerry SichtingSony VAIO PCG-7186M battery, Glenn Robinson, and Brian Cardinal and NBA All-Stars Glenn Robinson, Brad Miller, Terry Dischinger, and Joe Barry Carroll. Purdue has three NFL Super Bowl-winning quarterbacks in Drew Brees, Bob Griese, and Len Dawson; in addition a total of 19 Purdue alumni have been on a Super Bowl-winning team, including ten of the past 12 Super Bowl Champions. Purdue also produced Super Bowl IV winning coach Hank StramSony VAIO PCG-7171M battery. Daytona 500 winner Ryan Newman graduated from Purdue with a Bachelor's degree in vehicle structure engineering.]

The Dauch Alumni Center acts as a showcase for the university's alumni. The 67,000-square-foot (6,200 m2) center houses the offices of the Purdue Alumni Association and University Development. It is a destination and gathering area for the Purdue Alumni Association’s 68,000 members and more than 410,000 living alumniSony VAIO PCG-9Z1M battery.

The University of Southampton is a British Russell Group university located in the city of Southampton, United Kingdom. The origins of the university can be dated back to the founding of the Hartley Institution in 1862 following a legacy to the Corporation of Southampton by Henry Robertson Hartley. In 1902, the Institution developed into the Hartley University CollegeSony VAIO PCG-5S1M battery, with degrees awarded by the University of London. On 29 April 1952, the institution was granted a Royal Charter to give the University of Southampton full university status.

The university is a member of the Russell Group of research universities and the Worldwide Universities Network. It currently has over 17,000 undergraduate and 7,000 postgraduate students, making it the largest university by higher education students in the South East regionSony VAIO PCG-5P1M battery. The University has six campuses - four in Southampton, one in Winchester, and one international branch in Malaysia. A further campus - the Maritime Centre of Excellence is being developed close to the Highfield Campus. The main campus is located in the Highfield area of Southampton. Three other campuses are located throughout the city - Avenue CampusSony VAIO PCG-5N2M battery, National Oceanography Centre and Southampton General Hospital, with an additional campus the School of Art based in nearby Winchester.

The university has a strong emphasis on world-leading research, having one of the highest proportions of income derived from research activities in Britain. Southampton is highly regarded as a centre for educational excellence and outstanding teachingSony VAIO PCG-3C2M battery, considered one of the top universities in the UK, ranking nationally as a top 15 university in various tables, 12th in the UK according to the 2009 the Sunday Times, and regularly rated in the top 10 of the National Student Survey.

In recent years it has been rated as a top 100 university in the world according to the Times Higher Education Table, and in the 2011 QS World University RankingsSony VAIO PCG-8161M battery ranked the university 75th overall in the world, with Webometrics Ranking of World Universities ranking Southampton 32nd in the world. The university is also a member of the European University Association, and the Association of Commonwealth Universities. Southampton is an accredited institution of the Worldwide Universities NetworkSony VAIO PCG-8141M battery.

History

Hartley Institution

The arrival of Prime Minister Lord Palmerston for the opening of the Hartley Institute on 15 October 1862

The University of Southampton has its origin as the Hartley Institution which was formed in 1862 from a benefaction by Henry Robinson Hartley (1777–1850). Hartley had inherited a fortune from two generations of successful wine merchants. At his death in 1850Sony VAIO PCG-3J1M battery, he left a bequest of £103,000 to the Southampton Corporation for the study and advancement of the sciences in his property on Southampton's High Street, in the city centre.

“...employ the interest, dividends and annual proceeds in such a manner as best promote the study and advancement of the sciences of Natural History, Astronomy, Antiquities, Classical and Oriental Literature in the townSony VAIO PCG-3H1M battery, such as by forming a Public Library, Botanic Gardens, Observatory, and collections of objects with the above sciences.”

—Bequest to the Corporation of Southampton of Henry Robertson Hartley estate.

Hartley was an eccentric straggler, who had little liking of the new age docks and railways in Southampton. He did not desire to create a college for manySony VAIO PCG-3F1M battery (as formed at similar time in other English industrial towns and commercial ports) but a cultural centre for Southampton's intellectual elite. After lengthy legal challenges to the Bequest, and a public debate as to how best interpret the language of his Will, the Southampton Corporation choose to create the Institute (rather than a more widely accessible college, that some public figures had lobbied for)Sony VAIO PCG-3C1M battery.

On 15 October 1862, the Hartley Institute was opened by the Prime Minister Lord Palmerston in a major civic occasion which exceeded in splendor anything that anyone in the town could remember. After initial years of financial struggle, the Hartley Institute became the Hartley College in 1883. This move was followed by increasing numbers of studentsSony VAIO PCG-9Z2L battery, teaching staff, an expansion of the facilities and registered lodgings for students.

University College

Front of the Hartley Library, constructed in the 1930s after the move to Highfield Campus, with the support of private donors.

In 1902, the Hartley College became the Hartley University College, a degree awarding branch of the University of London. This was after inspection of the teaching and finances by the University College Grants Committee, and donations from Council members Sony VAIO PCG-9Z1L battery (including William Darwin the then Treasurer). An increase in student numbers in the following years motivated fund raising efforts to move the college to greenfield land around Back Lane (now University Road) in the Highfield area of Southampton. On 20 June 1914, Viscount Haldane opened the new site of the renamed Southampton University CollegeSony VAIO PCG-9131L battery. However, the outbreak of the First World War six weeks later meant no lectures could take place there, as the buildings were handed over by the college authorities for use as a military hospital. In order to cope with the volume of casualties, wooden huts were erected at the rear of the building. These were donated to university by the War Office after the end of fighting, in time for the transfer from the high street premises in 1920. At this time, Highfield HallSony VAIO PCG-8161L battery, a former country house and overlooking Southampton Common,[16] for which a lease had earlier been secured, commenced use as a halls of residence for female students. South Hill, on what is now the Glen Eyre Halls Complex was also acquired, along with South Stoneham House to house male students.

Further expansions through the 1920s and 1930s was made possible through private donorsSony VAIO PCG-8152L battery, such as the two daughters of Edward Turner Sims for the construction of the University library, and from the people of Southampton, enabling new buildings on both sides of University Road. During World War II the university suffered damage in the Southampton Blitz with bombs landing on the campus and its halls of residence. The college decided against evacuation, instead expanding its Engineering DepartmentSony VAIO PCG-8141L battery, School of Navigation and developing a new School of Radio Telegraphy. Halls of residence were also used to house Polish, French and American troops. After the war, departments such as Electronics grew under the influence of Erich Zepler and the Institute of Sound and Vibration was establishedSony VAIO PCG-8131L battery.

University

On 29 April 1952, Queen Elizabeth II granted the University of Southampton a Royal Charter, the first to be given to a university during her reign, which enabled it to award degrees.[18] Six faculties were created: Arts, Science, Engineering, Economics, Education and Law. The first University of Southampton degrees were awarded on 4 July 1953Sony VAIO PCG-81312L battery, following the appointment of the Duke of Wellington as Chancellor of the University. Student and staff number grew throughout the next couple of decades as a response to the Robbins Report. The campus also grew significantly, when in July 1961 the university was given the approval to acquire some 200 houses on or near the campus by the Borough Council. In additionSony VAIO PCG-81214L battery, more faculties and departments were founded, including Medicine and Oceanography (despite the discouragement of Sir John Wolfenden, the chairman of the University Grants Committee). Student accommodation was expanded throughout the 1960s and 1970s with the acquisition of Chilworth manor and new buildings at the Glen Eyre and Montefiore complexesSony VAIO PCG-81115L battery.

In 1987, a crisis developed when the University Grants Committee announced, as part of nationwide cutbacks, a series of reductions in the funding of the university. In order to eliminate the expected losses, the budgets and deficits subcommittee proposed reducing staff numbers. This proposal was met with demonstrations on campus and was later reworked Sony VAIO PCG-81114L battery (to reduce the redundancies and reallocate the reductions in faculties funding) after being rejected by the university Senate.

By the mid 1980s through to the 1990s, the university looked to expand with new buildings on the Highfield campus, developing the Chilworth Manor site into a science park and conference venue, opening the National Oceanography Centre at a dockside location and purchasing new land from the City Council for the Arts Faculty and sports fields Sony VAIO PCG-81113L battery (at Avenue Campus and Wide Lane, respectively).

Research University

Under the leadership of then Vice Chancellor, Sir Howard Newby the university became more focused in encouraging and investment in more and better quality research.[21] In the mid 1990s, the university gained two new campuses, as the Winchester School of Art and La Sainte Union College became part of the universitySony VAIO PCG-7142L battery. A new school for Nursing and Midwifery was also created and went on to provide training for NHS professionals in central-southern England. This involved a huge increase in student numbers and the establishment of sub-campuses in Basingstoke, Winchester, Portsmouth and Newport, Isle of WightSony VAIO PCG-7141L battery.

In the autumn of 1997, the university experienced Britain's worst outbreak of meningitis, with the death of three students. The university responded to the crisis by organizing a mass vaccination programme, and later took the ground-breaking decision to offer all new students vaccinationsSony VAIO PCG-71111L battery.

The university celebrated its Golden Jubilee on 22 January 2002. By this time, Southampton had research income that represented over half of the total income, which remains one of the highest proportions of income derived from research activities of British Universities. In recent years a number of new landmark buildings have been added as part of the estates developmentSony VAIO PCG-61411L battery. These have included new buildings for the School of Electronics and Computer Science and the Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC), (whose original building was destroyed in a fire in 2005), a new Sports Hall and Institute of Developmental Sciences (on the Southampton General Hospital site) Sony VAIO PCG-61112L battery.

The University has six campuses - four in Southampton, one in Winchester, and one international branch in Malaysia. A further campus - the Maritime Centre of Excellence is being developed close to the Highfield Campus.

The university's main campus is located in the residential area of Highfield. Opened on 20 June 1914, the site was initially used as a military hospital during World War I. The campus grew gradually, mainly consisting of detailed red brick buildings Sony VAIO PCG-61111L battery (such as the Hartley library and West building of the Students' Union) designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott. In 1956, Sir Basil Spence was commissioned to prepare a masterplan of the campus for the foreseeable future. This included incorporating the University Road, that split the 59-acre (240,000 m2) campus in two and the quarry of Sir Sidney Kimber's brickyard that itself was split by a streamSony VAIO PCG-5T4L battery. Unable to remove the road and the private houses along it, Spence designed many of the buildings facing away from it, using contemporary designs working in concrete, glass and mosaic.[26] During recent decades, new buildings were added that contravened the master plan of Spence, such as the Synthetic Chemistry Building and Mountbatten Building (the latter of which was destroyed by fire in 2005) Sony VAIO PCG-5T3L battery.

A new masterplan for the Highfield campus was drawn up in 1998 by Rick Mather, who proposed that the University Road should become a tree-lined boulevard backed by white-rendered buildings. He also contributed some of the newer buildings such as the Zepler and Gower Buildings. In 1991, the Highfield Planning Group was formed within the university under the chairmanship of Tim HoltSony VAIO PCG-5T2L battery. This led to the development of new buildings such as the Jubilee Sports Hall, Student Services Building and the Institute of Sound and Vibration Research. In addition, existing buildings, such as the Hartley Library, were extensively renovated and extended.

The campus retains an area of parkland in which are scattered 20th-century sculptures by Barbara Hepworth, Justin Knowles, Nick Pope and John Edwards. It also houses the John Hansard Gallery, the Nuffield Theatre and the Turner Sims Concert Hallry.html">Sony VAIO PCG-5S3L battery.

Avenue Campus

Avenue Campus

Main article: Avenue Campus

The Avenue Campus site was previously home to the Southampton Tramsheds and Richard Taunton's College. It was purchased by the university in December 1993 from Southampton city council for £2 million. Today it houses most of the Faculty of Humanities including the Centre for Language Study. In 2006, a new purpose-designed building for Archaeology was completedSony VAIO PCG-5S2L battery.

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

National Oceanography Centre

Main article: National Oceanography Centre

The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS) is a purpose-built, joint venture between the University and the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC). Opened in 1995, NOCS is a waterfront campus on Southampton's Empress Dock, close to the Ocean Village developmentSony VAIO PCG-5S1L battery.

The NOCS comprises the University's Ocean and Earth Sciences academic unit which operates alongside four NERC research divisions. The NOCS is also the base for the purpose-built research vessels RRS Discovery and RRS James Cook (and formerly RRS Charles Darwin).

Southampton General Hospital

Main article: Southampton General HospitalSony VAIO PCG-5R2L battery

The university's presence at the general hospital dates to 1971, when Southampton (along with Nottingham and Leicester universities) became the first new Schools of Medicine to be founded in the United Kingdom in the twentieth century. As a teaching hospital, it is used by a range of undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, research academics and cliniciansSony VAIO PCG-5R1L battery. Originally based in the South Academic Block, the university's presence has been expanded to include several other buildings which are home to six different research departments.

Maritime Centre of Excellence (formerly Boldrewood Campus)

Main article: Boldrewood Campus

Boldrewood, located a short distance from the Highfield campus, was the Biomedical Sciences campus of the University. Until 2010, it was used as a non-hospital base for the School of Medicine and home to a research facility for the Biological Sciences. Staff were then relocated to either Southampton General Hospital or Building 85 Sony VAIO PCG-5P4L battery (the new Life Sciences Building) on the main campus. The site is now being re-developed as the Maritime Centre of Excellence.

The site, which will be occupied from 2014, will house, amongst others, the Group Technology Centre of Lloyd's Register who have announced a strategic alliance with the University and the University Maritime InstituteSony VAIO PCG-5P2L battery.

Winchester School of Art

Main article: Winchester School of Art

Uni-link doubledecker bus passing through Highfield Campus

The Winchester School of Art was integrated within the University of Southampton in 1996. The original school premises were purpose build in the 1960s. New buildings were constructed to house the subsequent expansion of student numbers following the merger with the University.

Main article: Uni-linkSony VAIO PCG-5N4L battery

The Uni-link bus service was created in 1998 by the University. Four routes operate that connect the university campuses and halls of residence located throughout the city for students and staff at the university as well as the general public.

Malaysia Campus

An international campus is set to open in Malaysia, and the first enrollment is expected in October 2012Sony VAIO PCG-5N2L battery.

The Professional Services Building

Responsibility for running the University is held formally by the Chancellor, currently Dame Helen Alexander, and led at the executive level by the Vice-Chancellor, currently Don Nutbeam. The key bodies in the University governance structure are the Council, Court and Senate.

The Council is the governing body of the UniversitySony VAIO PCG-51513L battery. It is ultimately responsible for the overall planning and management of the University. The Council is also responsible for ensuring that the funding made available to the University by the Higher Education Funding Council for England is used as prescribed. The Council is composed of members from 5 different classes, namely (1) officers; Sony VAIO PCG-51511L battery (2) twelve members appointed by the Council; (3) six members appointed by the Senate; (4) one member of the non-teaching staff; (5) the President of the Students’ Union.

The University Court provides a forum for consultation with the local and regional community, to help promote public awareness of the University and to attract and maintain goodwill. The Court is composed of some 190 members, comprising representatives of the UniversitySony VAIO PCG-3A4L battery, which includes members of Council, Deans of the Faculties, Heads of Academic Schools, members of staff, students and graduates; representatives of local authorities and of schools and colleges in the region; members of the UK and European parliaments; and representatives of other local societies and bodiesSony VAIO PCG-3A3L battery.

The Senate is the University's primary academic authority, with responsibilities which include the direction and regulation of education and examinations, the award of degrees, and the promotion of research. The Senate has approximately 150 members, including the Deputy Vice-Chancellors/Pro Vice-Chancellors, the Deans and Associate Deans of the FacultiesSony VAIO PCG-3A2L battery, the Heads of the academic Schools and Research Centres, representatives from the academic staff in each School, representatives of the research staff and those administrative groups most closely associated with educational activities, and representatives of the Students' Union. The Senate is chaired by the Vice-ChancellorSony VAIO PCG-3A1L battery.

Libraries and collections

Exterior of the 2005 extension to the Hartley Library

The University of Southampton Library has a presence on each of the university's campuses, holding more than 1.5 million books and periodicals, some 6,000 in electronic form, besides specialist materials, including more than 6 million manuscripts.

The library contains a number of special collections of rare books and manuscripts. In 1983, the university received the correspondence of Arthur WellesleySony VAIO PCG-394L battery, 1st Duke of Wellington. It also houses the Broadlands Archive, including the Palmerston and Mountbatten papers. The library also contains 4,500 volumes of Claude Montefiore's library on Theology and Judaism, the Ford Parliamentary Papers, Frank Perkins' collection of books on agriculture, Sir Samual Gurney-Dixons's Dante collection and the James Parkes Library of Jewish/non-Jewish relationsSony VAIO PCG-393L battery. The library also includes six rare editions of the Divina Commedia; the first of these, the Brescia edition of 1487, is the library's earliest book.

The Hartley library, first built in 1935, has expanded successively to house special collection and to meet the growth in student numbers. The latest of these was in 2005, when 3200 m² were added and much of the existing building renovatedSony VAIO PCG-391L battery.

Academics

Southampton awards a wide range of academic degrees spanning academic degrees for bachelor's in a variety of degrees and master's degrees as well as junior doctorates and higher doctorates. The postnominals awarded are the degree abbreviations used commonly among British universities. The University is part of the Engineering Doctorate scheme, for the award of Eng. D. degreesSony VAIO PCG-384L battery.

Professional qualifications are also awarded, such as Qualified Teacher Status (QTS). Short courses and professional development courses are run by many of the University's Academic Schools and Research Centres.

The University works closely with members of the Armed Forces. It provides professional military educators in the British Army to study for a Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) Sony VAIO PCG-383L battery. The University also works with the Royal Navy to provide training and qualifications towards Chartered Engineer status.

League table rankings

In recent years it has been rated as a top 100 university in the world according to the Times Higher Education Table, and in the 2011 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 75th overall in the worldSony VAIO PCG-382L battery.

Subject rankings

Southampton is the only UK university in which every engineering department has received the top 5* rating for research. It is cited as being the UK's leading university for engineering. The Guardian ranked the university at number 1 in the UK for Mechanical Engineering and Electronic and Electrical Engineering in 2011Sony VAIO PCG-381L battery.

The University of Southampton Science Park

Chilworth Manor.

In 1983, the Chilworth Science Park was established for companies with connections to the University. The park houses over 50 companies and includes a luxury hotel and conference centre, based in Chilworth Manor. The science park was renamed The University of Southampton Science Park in 2006Sony VAIO PCG-7185L battery.

The university has produced a number of spin-out companies in a range of fields, including oil and gas exploration, pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology and optoelectronics. Southampton has been particularly noted for its effectiveness in producing spin-out companies in comparison with both its UK and US counterpartsSony VAIO PCG-7184L battery. Since 2000, three of the twelve successful spin-out companies have been floated on London’s Alternative Investment Market (AIM) with a combined market capitalisation value of £160 million.

Over 150 businesses are associated with the university through the key partner scheme, allowing collaboration in the research and development of business and Southampton academicsSony VAIO PCG-7183L battery.

Main article: EPrints

The School of Electronics and Computer Science created the first archiving software (EPrints) to publish its research freely available on the Web. This software is used throughout the university and as an archiving system for many different institutions around the worldSony VAIO PCG-7182L battery.

Student life

Students' Union

The West Building on Highfield Campus.

The University of Southampton Students' Union (SUSU), is sited in three buildings opposite the Hartley Library. One, the West Building, dates back to the 1940s in a red brick style, complementing the Hartley Library opposite; the main building was built in the 1960s in the Basil Spence masterplan. This was extended with new nightclub and cinema facilities in 2002Sony VAIO PCG-7181L battery. The newest building was built during the mid-1990s which includes the recently refurbished Union shop, on the ground floor, and hairdressers and travel agency, both on the first floor. In May 2002, (after numerous attempts going back several years), it chose to disaffiliate itself from the NUS, believed by SUSU to be too bureaucratic. In December 2010, a referendum was held to decide whether SUSU should re-affiliate with the NUSSony VAIO PCG-7174L battery, with the result being that SUSU should remain outside the NUS. The student union is actually separate from the University of Southampton, and is its own business. It gets funds partially from the University to finance many of its activities. The multiple award winning student radio station, Surge, broadcasts from new studios in the main Union buildingSony VAIO PCG-7173L battery. The award winning website SUSU.org was created and run by students at the university. A brand new purpose built studio has been constructed for the TV station SUSUtv. The student newspaper, originally Wessex News, is now published once every three weeks as Wessex Scene following a name change in 1996. The Edge, originally an insert of the Wessex SceneSony VAIO PCG-7172L battery, is now an editorially independent entertainment magazine. Events are held in The Cube, the Union's nightclub, The Bridge, the Union's cocktail bar, and in the Stag's Head, the Union pub. National touring bands play in the Garden Court in the West Building.

Halls of Residence

Glen Eyre

The university provides accommodation for all first year students who require it and places in residences are further available for international and MSc studentsSony VAIO PCG-7171L battery. Accommodation may be catered, self catered, have ensuite facilities, a sink in the room, or access to communal bathroom facilities. Each of the halls used to have a team of wardens who lived on-site and ensured students' welfare, but not anymore. Each hall also has a JCR committee that is responsible for the running of social events and representing the residents to the students union and the university via the Students union JCR officerSony VAIO PCG-7162L battery. Some of the halls also have bars which are separately run by the students union and are staffed by current and ex residents.

There are three main complexes of halls of residence. The Glen Eyre Halls Complex lies less than half a mile to the north of Highfield Campus. Set in landscaped surroundings, the complexes houses over 2000 students. These are spread though various buildings, designed and constructed throughout the Universities historySony VAIO PCG-7161L battery. The Wessex Lane Halls complex lies approximately one mile east of the Highfield Campus. Situated next to the gardens of South Stoneham House it houses over 1800 students. Included is Connaught Hall, one of the original halls of residence of the University. The Small Halls accommodate around 1000 students across 7 city locations, within 2 miles (3.2 km) of Highfield CampusSony VAIO PCG-7154L battery. The University also has halls of residence in Winchester for School of Art students, Portsmouth and Basingstoke for School of Nursing and Midwifery students.

Sports

Sport and Wellbeing (formerly Sports and Recreation (SportsRec)) runs the university sports facilities which are based predominately at two locations. The Jubilee Sports Centre, opened in 2004 at a cost of £8.5 million is located on the Highfield CampusSony VAIO PCG-7153L battery. Included within the centre are a six-lane, 25-metre swimming pool, full gym and sports hall. In addition to its indoor sports facilities, the University completed a £4.3 million re-development of its 73-acre (300,000 m2) outdoor facilities located at Wide Lane, Eastleigh (near Southampton) in 2007. Within the complex includes flood-lit synthetic turf pitches, tennis courts, and pavilionSony VAIO PCG-7152L battery. The university also runs facilities at the Avenue Campus, National Oceanography Centre and the Watersports Centre (formerly known as the Boat Hard) on the River Itchen.

The university competes in numerous sports in the BUCS South East Conference (after switching from the Western Conference in 2009). A number of elite athletes are supported by the SportsRec through sports bursaries and the UK Government's Talented Athlete Scholarship Scheme (TASS) Sony VAIO PCG-7151L battery.

The University Athletic Union was formally established on 29 November 1929, by the University College council. Versions of the union had existed previously to which many clubs such as Cricket, Association Football, Rugby, Boxing, Gymnastics, Tennis and Boat clubs (all formed before the turn of the 20th century) were membersSony VAIO PCG-7148L battery.

Throughout its history the university has had a number successful teams in national student championships.

Notable people

Main article: List of University of Southampton people

Academics

Academics to work at the university include Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, Erich Zepler who made leading contributions to radio receiver development, David Payne who invented EDFA for use in fibre optics cables, Sir Barry Cunliffe, a pioneer of modern British ArchaeologySony VPCW21M2E/WI battery, Albie Sachs, former Judge of the Constitutional Court of South Africa and Tim Holt, former President of the Royal Statistical Society and Office for National Statistics

Alumni

Former students of the university include Justine Greening MP, current UK Secretary of State for International Development, and John Denham MP, Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills; Sir John Stevens; former head of the Metropolitan Police Service and Current International Security Advisor to the Prime MinisterSony VPCW21C7E battery; Chris Hohn, founder of The Children's Investment Fund Management and Britain's biggest charity donor; Jon Sopel, presenter of The Politics Show and a lead presenter on BBC News 24 and Sir Adrian Fulford, Judge in the International Criminal Court. Other alumni include actor John Nettles, Technical Director for the Red Bull Racing Formula One team Adrian Newey, musician Brian Eno and Eggheads quiz-show regular Kevin AshmanSony VPCW12S1E/WZ battery.

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