Lund University And Case Western Reserve University

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Lund University (Swedish: Lunds universitet) is one of Europe's most prestigious universities and Scandinavia's largest institutions for education and research, consistently ranked among the world's top 100 universities. The university, located in the city of Lund in the province of Scania, Sweden, traces its roots back to 1425Dell Latitude E5420 Battery, when a Franciscan studium generale was founded in Lund next to the Lund Cathedral, making it the oldest institution of higher education in Scandinavia followed by studium generales in Uppsala in 1477 and Copenhagen in 1479. The current university was founded in 1666 after Sweden had won Scania in the 1658 peace agreement with DenmarkDell Latitude E5520 Battery.

Lund University has eight faculties, with additional campuses in the cities of Malmö and Helsingborg, with 47,000 students[18] in more than 280 different programmes and around 2,250 separate courses. The University has some 680 partner universities in over 50 countries and it belongs to the League of European Research Universities as well as the global Universitas 21 networkDell Latitude E6120 Battery.

Two major facilities for materials research are currently under construction in Lund: MAX IV, which will be a world-leading synchrotron radiation laboratory and European Spallation Source (ESS), a European facility that will be home to the world’s most powerful neutron source.

The university traditionally centers on the Lundagård park adjacent to the Lund CathedralDell Latitude E6220 Battery, with various departments spread in different locations in town, but mostly concentrated in a belt stretching north from the park connecting to the university hospital area and continuing out to the northeastern periphery of the town, where one finds the large campus of the Faculty of EngineeringDell Latitude E6320 Battery.


Medieval origins

The city of Lund has a long history as a center for learning and was the ecclesiastical centre and seat of the archbishop of Denmark. A cathedral school (the Katedralskolan) for the training of clergy was established in 1085 and is today Scandinavia's oldest school.

A studium generale (a medieval university education) was founded in 1425, although it was not until 1438 that education was started by the Franciscan order for a baccalaureus degree. Dell Latitude E6420 Battery

17th-19th century

After the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, the Scanian lands came under the possession of the Swedish Crown, which quickly founded the Lund University in 1666 as a means of Swedification. It was the fifth university under the Swedish king, after Uppsala University (1477), the University of Tartu (1632, now in Estonia), the Academy of Åbo (1640, now in Finland) Dell Latitude E6520 Battery, and the University of Greifswald (founded 1456; Swedish 1648–1815, now in Germany). It is the second-oldest university on Swedish ground today.

The university was named Academia Carolina after Charles X Gustav of Sweden. The name was in some formal use until the late 19th century, when Lund University became the widespread denominationDell Latitude D420 Battery.

The university was at its founding granted four faculties: law, theological, medicine and philosophy. They were the cornerstones, and for more than 200 years this system was in effect. Towards the end of the 17th century, the number of students hovered around 100. Some notable professors in the early days were Samuel Pufendorf, a juridical historian; and Canutus Hahn and Kristian Papke in philosophyDell Latitude D430 Battery.

The Scanian War in 1676 led to a shut-down, which lasted until 1682. The university was re-opened largely due to regional patriots, but the university was not to enjoy a high status until well into the 19th century. Lecturing rooms were few, and lectures were held in the Lund Cathedral and its adjacent chapel. The professors were underpaidDell Studio 1450 Battery.

View of the Historical Museum building in the 19th century.

In 1713, Charles XII of Sweden entered Lund. He stayed in Lund for three years, in between his warlike expeditions. The town of Lund and the university attracted a temporary attention boost. The most notable lecturer during this time was Andreas Rydelius.

Peace was finally restored with the death of Charles XII in 1718, and during the first half of the 18th century the university was granted added fundsDell Studio 1457 Battery. The number of students was now well around 500. Despite not being on par with Uppsala University, it had still built a solid reputation and managed to attract prominent professors.

Around 1760 the university reputation dropped as the number of students fell below 200, most of whom hailed from around the province. However, by 1780 its reputation was largely restored, and continued to rise through the 1820sDell Studio 1458 Battery. This was largely owing to popular and well-educated lecturers particularly in philology; the prominent professor Esaias Tegnér was a particularly notable character with widespread authority. He, in turn, attracted others towards Lund. One of these was the young theological student C. G. Brunius, who studied ancient languages under Tegnér and were later to become professor of GreekDell Latitude D410 Battery. With time he was to devote himself to architectures and he redesigned several of Lund's buildings, as well as churches of the province.

20th century-present

The University Square in the 1910s.

In the early 20th century, the university had a student population as small as one thousand, consisting largely of upper-class pupils training to become civil servants, lawyers and doctors. In the coming decades it started to grow significantlyDell Inspiron 9100 Battery, until it became one of the country's largest. In 1964 the social sciences were split from the Faculty of Humanities. Lund Institute of Technology was established in 1961 but was merged with Lund University eight years later.

In recent years, Lund University has been very popular among applicants to Swedish higher education institutions, both nationally and internationally. For studies starting in autumn 2012, Lund received 11,160 foreign master's applications from 152 countriesDell Inspiron XPS Battery, which was roughly one third of all international applications to Swedish universities.

Women at the university

The first woman to study in Lund was the medical student Hedda Andersson who entered the university in 1880 (two years before the next woman to do so).[23] Hilma Borelius was the first woman who finished a doctorate in Lund, in 1910. The first woman to be appointed to a professor's chair was the historian Birgitta Odén (1965) Dell Inspiron 1320n Battery. In 1992 Boel Flodgren, Professor of Business Law, was appointed rector magnificus (or, strictly speaking, rectrix magnifica) of Lund University. As such, she was the first woman to be the head of a European university.

Kungshuset, the oldest university building (completed 1584), currently houses the Department of PhilosophyDell Inspiron 1320 Battery.

The university's facilities are mainly located in the small city of Lund in Scania, about 15 km away from central Malmö and 50 km from Copenhagen. The university's prominence and large student population have much impact on the city, effectively making it a university town. Over a hundred university buildings[24] scatter around town, most of them in an area covering more than 1 km²Dell Inspiron mini 910 Battery, stretching towards the north-east from Lundagård park in the very centre of town. Buildings in and around Lundagård include the main building, Kungshuset, the Historical Museum and the Academic Society's headquarters. The main library building is located in a park 400 meters to the north, followed by the large hospital complex.

Lund University has a satellite campus in nearby MalmöDell Inspiron mini 9 Battery, Sweden's third largest city. The Faculty of Fine and Perforning Arts' three academies: Malmö Art Academy, Malmö Academy of Music and Malmö Theatre Academy, are all located in Malmö. The city is also the location of Skåne University Hospital, where Lund University performs a considerable amount of research and medical trainingDell Inspiron 910 Battery.

Campus Helsingborg is, as the name suggests, located in the city of Helsingborg, almost 50 km from Lund. Opened in 2000, it consists of a building in the city centre, right next to the central train station and the harbour. Nearly 3,000 students are based on the campus.[25] The Department of Service Management and the Department of Communication and Media are among those located at the campus in HelsingborgDell Inspiron 11z Battery.

Teaching and training at the School of Aviation (LUSA) takes place at an airfield next to the town of Ljungbyhed, about 40 km away from Lund.

University Library

Lund University library was established in 1666 at the same time as the university and is one of Sweden's oldest and largest. Since 1698 it has received legal deposit copies of everything printed in the country. Today six Swedish libraries receive legal deposit copiesDell Inspiron mini 10 Battery, but only Lund and the Royal Library in Stockholm are required to keep everything for posterity. Swedish imprints make up half of the collections, which amount to 170,000 linear metres of shelving (2006). The library serves 620,000 loans per year, the staff is 200 full-time equivalents, and the 33 branch libraries house 2600 reading room desks.[26]

The current main building at Helgonabacken opened in 1907. Before that, the old building was Liberiet close to the city's cathedralDell Inspiron mini 1010 Battery. Liberiet was built as a library in the 15th century, but now serves as a cafe.


Education and research in the health sciences at the university is operated in cooperation with Skåne University Hospital, located in both Lund and Malmö. Medical education takes place in the Biomedical Centre, next to the hospital in lund. Nursing and occupational therapy are taught in the Health Sciences Centre nearby. The university also operates the Clinical Research Centre in Malmö, featuring many specialized laboratoriesDell Inspiron 1470 Battery.


Sphinxes overlooking Lundgård Park.


The University Board is the University's highest decision-making body. The Board comprises the Vice-Chancellor, representatives of the teaching staff and students, and representatives of the community and business sector.[27] Chair of the board is Margot Wallström. Executive power lies with the Vice-Chancellor and the University Management Group, to which most other administrative bodies are subordinateDell Inspiron 1470n Battery.


Approximately 27,700 students study within one of the 274 educational programs, the eightyfive international master's programmes or the 2000 free-standing courses. Around five hundred courses are, or can be, held in English for the benefit of international exchange students. There are several programmes allowing foreign students to study abroad at the UniversityDell Inspiron 15z Battery. Notable exchangees include United States Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who spent time at Lund University in the 1960s conducting research.[30] The university offers 9 out of the 20 most sought after programmes in Sweden. The master's programme in International Marketing is the most popular choice in the country, with almost a thousand applications yearlyDell Inspiron 1570 Battery.


Lund University is well known as one of Scandinavia's largest research universities.[9] It ranks among top performers in the European Union in terms of papers accepted for publication in scientific journals. It is one of Sweden's top receiver of research grants, most of which come from government-funded bodies. The EU is the university's second largest external research funder and Lund is the 23rd largest receiver of funding within the union's Seventh Framework ProgrammeDell Inspiron 1570n Battery. The university is active in many internationally important research areas such as nanotechnology, climate change and stem cell biology.


Lund University is among the most renowned institutions of higher learning in the Nordic countries and is rarely ranked below 100 in the world by the most influential ranking agencies. In 2011, it ranked 1st among comprehensive universities in Scandinavia and 80th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankingsdell inspiron 500M battery, and in the Academic Ranking of World Universities, compiled by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, it was in the 101-150 category. Lund was ranked 86th in the world in the 2011 QS World University Rankings[39] and the University Ranking by Academic Performance Research Laboratory ranked Lund 62nd in the world and second in Sweden in 2011dell inspiron 600M battery.

In 2011, Times Higher Education compiled a special world ranking based exclusively on reputation for teaching and research, where Lund University appeared in the 71-80 category.[41] In the same year, QS issued world university rankings by subject,[42] placing Lund within the top 50 in environmental sciences, geography and area studies, physical sciences and civil and structural engineeringdell inspiron 630M battery.

Student life

AF-Borgen, the student-run complex at the heart of student life in Lund, May 2002.

Lund student life is based on three central structures: the student nations, the Academic Society (AF) and the student unions. Before July 1, 2010, students were required to enroll in a student union, nation or AF in order to receive grades at the university, but this is no longer compulsory.[43] Students may still enroll in these organizations if they wishdell inspiron 640M battery.

Student Nations

Main article: List of Lund University Nations

The nations in Lund are a central part of the university's history, initially serving as residential colleges for students, organized by geographic origin. Östgöta Nation, the oldest nation, was established in 1668, two years after the university was founded. While the nations still offer limited housing, today they are best described as student societiesdell inspiron 6000 battery.

Today students may enroll in any nation, although the nations still preserve their geographic names. In most cases it does not matter what nation one enrolls in, but different nations offer different activities for interested students.

Each nation has student housing, but the accommodations in no way meet demand, and they are usually appointed according to a queue system. Each nation has at least one pub evening per week, with a following night clubdell inspiron 6400 battery. The solemn peak event in the course of an activity year is the organization of student balls once a year. Most well known of the nation balls (as opposed to balls organized by student unions) is the ball hosted by Göteborgs Nation - called the "Gustaf II Adolf Ball" (also known as the "GA-Ball"). Most nations also host at least one banquet per week, where a three course dinner is serveddell inspiron 9200 battery. Each nation also has different activities for students interested in sports, arts, or partying. All activities within the nations are voluntary.

The Academic Society

Another view of AF-Borgen

In 1830, Professor Carl Adolph Agardh formed Akademiska Föreningen (The Academic Society), commonly referred to as AF, with the goal of "developing and cultivating the academic life" by bringing students and faculty from all departments and student nations together in one organizationdell inspiron 9300 battery. Prince Oscar I, then Sweden's Chancellor of Education, donated 2000 Kronor to help found the society. In 1848, construction began on AF-Borgen (the AF Fortress), which is located opposite the Main Building in Lundagård. To this day, AF is the center of student life in Lund, featuring many theater companies, a prize-winning student radio (Radio AF), and organizing the enormous Lundakarnevalen (the Lund Carnival) every four yearsdell inspiron 9400 battery. "AF Bostäder", an independent foundation with close ties to Akademiska Föreningen, maintains over 5,700 student residences in Lund.[44]

The Delphi residential area, located in the northern part of Lund, is one of the large student housing complexes run by AF Bostäder.

The student unions represent students in various decision-making boards within the university and council students regarding their rights, housing and career options. There are nine student unions, one for each faculty and an additional union for doctoral studentsdell inspiron e1505 battery. Lund's Doctoral Student Union is further divided into councils, one for each faculty except for the faculties of engineering and fine and performing arts.

The unions are incorporated into the Association of Lund University Student Unions (LUS). It has two full-time representatives who go to weakly meetings with the vice-chancellor and other organizational university bodiesdell inspiron e1705 battery. The student union association runs services such as loan institute, a day-care centre and a website with housing information. It also publishes the monthly Lundagård magazine.

Notable people connected to Lund University

Main article: List of Lund University people

The following is a select list of some of the most notable people who have been affiliated with Lund University as students or academics, please refer to the main article for more information.

Ingvar Carlsson, former Prime Minister of Swedendell latitude d820 battery.

Karl Manne Siegbahn, Nobel Prize in Physics.

Anders Jahan Retzius (1742–1821), naturalist.

Elias Magnus Fries (1794–1878), mycologist.

Esaias Tegnér (1782–1846), poet, bishop of Växjö.

Peter Estenberg (1686–1740), Greek Scholar, Professor, and advisor to King Stanislaw (Stanisław Leszczyński) of Poland in the early 18th century.

Tuve Hasselquist ( 1816–1891), Swedish American Lutheran minister and church leader

Albert Victor Bäcklund (1845–1912), mathematician and physicist (Bäcklund transform).

Knut Wicksell (1851–1926), economistdell latitude d830 battery.

Johannes Rydberg (1854–1919), physicist (Rydberg formula, Rydberg constant).

V. Walfrid Ekman (1874–1954), oceanographer (Ekman spiral, Ekman number).

Marcel Riesz (1886–1969), mathematician (Riesz function, Riesz theorems, Riesz mean, Riesz potential).

Ivar Wickman 1872-1914), neurologist, polio expert

Manne Siegbahn (1886–1978), Nobel Prize in Physics 1924. Professor at Uppsala University.

Frans Gunnar Bengtsson (1894–1954), author, The Long Ships.

Bertil Ohlin (1899–1979), Nobel Prize in Economics 1977Dell Latitude E5500 Battery.

Tage Erlander (1901–1985), Prime Minister of Sweden, 1946-1969.

Rune Elmqvist (1906–1996), developer of the first implantable pacemaker.

Torsten Hägerstrand (1916–2004), cultural geographer.

Sune Bergström (1916–2004), Nobel Prize in Medicine 1982.

Carl Hellmuth Hertz (1920–1990) pioneered medical ultrasonography (with Inge Edler).

sv:Sten Broman (1902–1983) Musician, music critic, TV host, university active- founder of Uarda-akademien etcDell Latitude E5400 Battery.

Arvid Carlsson (1923-), Nobel Prize in Medicine 2000 (Professor at Göteborgs university).

Hans Alfredson (1931-), writer, entertainer and film director, former head of Skansen.

Lars Hörmander (1931-), mathematician awarded the Fields medal in 1962.

Ingvar Carlsson (1934-), Prime Minister of Sweden 1986-91, 1994-96.

Michael Treschow (1943-), chairman of Ericsson.

Karl Johan Åström (1934-), (Professor Emeritus), IEEE Fellow, IEEE Medal of Honor for contributions to Control TheoryDELL Latitude E5410 Battery

Etzel Cardeña (1957-), Thorsen Professor of Psychology, Director of the Center for Research on Consciousness and Anomalous Psychology (CERCAP)

Duncan Steel (1955-), world-renowned authority on space science

Peter Gärdenfors (1949-), philosopher and cognitive scientist

Mikael Dolsten M.D., Ph.D. (1959-), President of Pfizer Worldwide Research and Development, Adjunct Professor of Immunology at the Medical Faculty in Lund

Lars Pålsson Syll, Professor of economicsDELL Latitude E5510 Battery

Judith Wallerstein (1921-2012), Psychologist and researcher at University of California at Berkeley. (Ph.D 1978)

LTH's Design Centre.

Main article: List of Lund University partners

Lund University cooperates with universities on all continents, both in areas of research and student exchange. Apart from being a member of the prestigious LERU and Universitas 21 networks, the university participates in the European Erasmus and Nordplus programmesdell latitude e6400 battery. It also coordinates several intercontinental projects, mostly through the Erasmus Mundus programme.

Case Western Reserve University (also known as Case Western Reserve, Case Western, Case, Reserve, and CWRU) is a private research university in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. The university was created in 1967 by the federation of Case Institute of Technology (founded in 1881 by Leonard Case Jr.) and Western Reserve University dell latitude e6500 battery (founded in 1826 in the area that was once the Connecticut Western Reserve). TIME magazine described the merger as the creation of "Cleveland's Big-Leaguer" university.

In U.S. News & World Report's 2012 rankings, Case Western Reserve's undergraduate program ranked 38th among national universities.[6] The University is associated with 16 Nobel Laureates.[7] Other notable alumni include Paul BuchheitDELL Latitude E6510 Battery, creator and lead developer of Gmail; Craig Newmark, founder of; and Peter Tippett, who developed the first anti-virus software, Vaccine, which Symantec purchased and turned into the incredibly popular Norton AntiVirus. Case Western Reserve is particularly well known[citation needed] for its medical school, dental school, law school, Frances Payne Bolton School of NursingDELL Precision M2400 Battery, and its biomedical teaching and research capabilities. Case Western is a member of the Association of American Universities.[8]

The university is approximately five miles (8 km) east of downtown Cleveland in University Circle. It is contained within a 550-acre (220 ha) area containing numerous educational, medical, and cultural institutions. Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with nearby institutionsDELL Precision M4400 Battery, including the Cleveland Clinic, the University Hospitals of Cleveland, the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veteran's Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, and the Cleveland Play HouseDELL Precision M4500 Battery.

Case Western Reserve was the site of the famous Michelson-Morley interferometer experiment, conducted in 1887 by A. A. Michelson of Case School of Applied Science and E. W. Morley of Western Reserve University. This experiment proved the non-existence of the luminiferous ether and was later cited as convincing evidence in support of special relativity as proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905DELL Precision M6400 Battery. Michelson became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science.[9] The commemorative Michelson-Morley Memorial Fountain is located on campus, near where the actual experiment was performed.


Case Western Reserve University was created in 1967, when Western Reserve University and Case Institute of Technology (formerly Case School of Applied Science), institutions that had been neighbors for 81 years, formally federatedDELL Precision M6500 Battery.

Case alumnus Herbert Henry Dow, founder of Dow Chemical

Western Reserve University

Western Reserve College was founded in 1826 in Hudson, Ohio, which, at the time, was the region's most populated area and named for the Connecticut Western Reserve, out of which the area arose. The nearby city of Cleveland, located about 26 miles (42 km) to its northwest, had only begun to grow. Western Reserve College, or "Reserve" as it was popularly called, was the first college in northern Ohiodell xps m1210 battery.

By 1875, a number of other schools had been established nearby, and Cleveland had emerged as clearly the dominant population and business center of the region. In 1882, with funding from Amasa Stone, Western Reserve College moved to Cleveland and changed its name to Western Reserve Universitydell xps m1330 battery.

Case Institute of Technology

John J.R. Macleod, 1923 Nobel Prize winner for discovering Insulin and Western Reserve University Professor of Physiology

In 1877, Leonard Case Jr. began laying the groundwork for the Case School of Applied Science by secretly donating valuable pieces of Cleveland real estate to a trust. He asked his confidential advisor, Henry Gilbert Abbey, to administer the trust and to keep it secret until after his deathdell xps m1530 battery. The Case School of Applied Science was issued a charter by the state of Ohio in 1882-—just four short months after Case's death.

For the first four years of the school's existence, it was located in the Case family's home on Rockwell Street in downtown Cleveland. Classes were held in the family house, while the chemistry and physics laboratories were on the second floor of the barndell xps m1710 battery.

Amasa Stone's gift to relocate Western Reserve College to Cleveland also included a provision for the purchase of land in the University Circle area, adjacent to Western Reserve University, for the Case School of Applied Science. The school moved to University Circle in 1885.

During World War II, Case Institute of Applied Science was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commissiondell xps m1730 battery.

Over time, the Case School of Applied Science grew to encompass a broader vision, adopting the name Case Institute of Technology in 1947 to reflect the institution's growing stature.

Creating a federation

Although the trustees of Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University did not formally federate their institutions until 1967, the union had been seen by many as inevitable for decades before that. Dell Vostro 1710 Battery The institutions already shared buildings and staff when necessary and worked together often. One such example was seen in 1887, when Case physicist Albert Michelson and Reserve chemist Edward Morley collaborated on the famous Michelson–Morley experiment. The results of their experiment served as a foundation for Albert Einstein's theory of relativityDell Vostro 1720 Battery.

There had been some discussion of a merger of the two institutions as early as 1890, but those talks dissolved quickly. In the 1920s, the Survey Commission on Higher Education in Cleveland took a strong stand in favor of federation and the community was behind the idea as well, but in the end all that came of the study was a decision by the two institutions to cooperate in founding Cleveland College, a special unit for part-time and adult students in downtown Clevelanddell studio xps 1340 battery.

By the 1960s, Reserve President John Schoff Millis and Case President T. Keith Glennan shared the idea that federation would create a complete university, one better able to attain national distinction. Financed by the Carnegie Corporation, Cleveland Foundation, Greater Cleveland Associated Foundation, and several local donors, a study commission of national leaders in higher education and public policy was charged with exploring the idea of federationdell studio xps 13 battery. The Heald Commission, so known for its chair, former Ford Foundation President Henry T. Heald, issued its final report, "Vision of a University." The report predicted that federation would create one of the largest private universities in the nation, with a combined faculty larger than that of Princeton, Chicago, Stanford, or Johns Hopkinsdell Studio XPS 16 battery.

Case Institute of Technology, a school of science and engineering, and Western Reserve University, known for its strong liberal arts and professional programs, came together in 1967 to form Case Western Reserve University.


Haydn Hall on the campus of Case Western Reserve University (Flora Stone Mather Quadrangle) in Clevelanddell Studio XPS 1640 battery.

The university is approximately five miles (eight km) east of downtown Cleveland, adjacent to the historic Wade Park District in University Circle, a city neighborhood and commercial center center, home to numerous educational, medical, and other cultural institutions. Case Western Reserve has a number of programs taught in conjunction with nearby institutions, dell Studio XPS 1645 battery including the Cleveland Institute of Music, the Cleveland Institute of Art, the Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, the Cleveland Museum of Art, the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, the Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland Botanical Garden, and the Cleveland Play Housedell Studio XPS 1647 battery.

Kent H. Smith Quadrangle

The Kent H. Smith Quadrangle (known to students as the Main Quad) is located south of Euclid between Adelbert Road and Martin Luther King Jr. Drive. All of the engineering buildings are located on this quad in addition to all of the natural science buildings.

Flora Stone Mather Quadrangle

The Flora Stone Mather Quadrangle (known to students as the Mather Quad) is located north of Euclid Avenue between East Blvd. dell Studio 17 battery, E. 115th Street, and Juniper Road. Usually it is more strictly defined by the area between East Blvd, Bellflower Road, and Ford Road north of Euclid Avenue. Named for the philanthropist wife of prominent industrialist Samuel Mather and sister-in-law of the famous statesman John Hay, the Flora Stone Mather Quad is home to Weatherhead School of Management, School of Lawdell Studio 1749 battery, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, and many departments of the College of Arts and Sciences. The Kelvin Smith Library (Case Western Reserve's main library) and the Thwing Student Center are also located on Mather Quad.

North Residential Villagedell Studio 1745 battery

Situated on the northeast end of campus, the North Residential Village (NRV) is home to all Case Western Reserve's freshman who reside on campus. Constructed in the 1960s, the NRV consists of 12 4 floor buildings, an 11 floor "tower," Leutner (a dining hall), and a building containing the NRV area office and rehearsal space for Case Western Reserve's music departmentdell Studio 1747 battery.

Village at 115

Located along E. 115th Street, this is the newest addition to Case Western Reserve's residential housing units, which opened in the fall of 2005. Currently, only upper-class members may reside there. The Village (as students refer to it) consists of seven houses that surround the football field and track. Village housing is apartment style, with apartments that house one to nine people (excluding eight person units) Dell Inspiron 1440 Battery. The apartments are fully furnished. The Village is also LEED certified. Houses 1-4 & 6-7 are certified silver while house 5 is certified gold.

In February 2011, a broken pipe joint in the plumbing of House 6 caused over a 500,000 US gallons (1,900 m3) of water to flood the House's apartments, displacing upwards of 40 students. Although University Housing had crews working to repair the damage around the clock, it was over a week before any students could return, some as long as three weeksDell Inspiron 1750 Battery. This raised concerns about cut corners resulting in poor construction quality of the Village Houses.[citation needed]

South Residential Village

Located between Murray Hill, Cedar, Edgehill, and Overlook roads, the South Residential Village (SRV) is home to most of Case Western Reserve's sophomore class. SRV is divided into two sections: Murray Hill Complex and Carlton Road Complex (known to students as bottom of the hill and top of the hill, respectively, due to the hill separating the two complexes) Dell Inspiron 14 Battery. Carlton Road Complex includes three sophomore-only dormitories and several Greek life houses. Murray Hill Complex includes two sophomore only buildings, one sophomore and upperclassmen building, one upperclassmen-only building, and Fribley, the SRV dining hall.


There are two main transportation options for students: For on- and near-campus transportation, Case Western Reserve has a fleet of shuttle buses known as Greenies, though they are currently painted blue. Dell Inspiron 1464 Battery For longer trips, students may use the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (RTA) bus and rail system. Each undergraduate student receives an unlimited RTA pass, which is paid for via a mandatory $25 fee per semester.


Case Western Reserve does not manage its parking lots (University Circle Incorporated manages the lots). Students, faculty, and staff still purchase permits from the university. The rates vary between approximately $30 and $120 per monthDell Inspiron 15 Battery.

The university owns two parking garages, one at the Village at 115 (Lot S-46) and the other near the Veale Athletic Center (Lot S-53). Permits for these two lots are purchased from the university, and cost about $670 and $760, respectively, per year,[14] excluding the summer.

In 2011, Washington Monthly ranked Case Western Reserve as the nation's 7th best national university for contributing to the public goodDell Inspiron 1564 Battery. The publication's ranking was based upon a combination of factors including social mobility, research, and service. In 2009, the school had ranked 15th.

In 2010, The Times ranked Case Western Reserve 39th in the U.S. and 65th worldwide.

In September 2009, "BusinessWeek" ranked Case Western Reserve's Weatherhead School of Management as one of the 30 best Design Thinking schools in the world.

In 2008, the National Science Foundation ranked Case Western Reserve #23 in the country for producing the highest percentage of undergraduate students that go on to earn Engineering and Science Ph.DsDell Inspiron 1764 Battery.

The Advocate ranked Case Western Reserve University one of the top 100 LGBT-friendly universities.

Case Western Reserve ranks 13th among private institutions (26th among all) in federal expenditures for science and engineering research and development, per the National Science FoundationDell Studio 1440 Battery.

Undergraduate profile

Craig Newmark (BS '75, MS '77) - founder of CraigsList

97 percent of enrolled students received financial aid, with an average award of $34,318.

67 percent of admitted students were in the top 10 percent of their high school class, 82 percent were in the top 20 percent, and 92 percent were in the top 30 percent.[28] The SAT scores of the middle 50th percentile of admitted students were 610-700 in critical reading, 650-750 in math, and 600-690 in writing.[29] On the ACT, the middle 50% of scores was 28-32Dell Studio 1535 Battery.

The most popular intended majors among the class of 2011 were engineering/computer science with 35 percent, followed by science/mathematics and pre-med/pre-dental medicine/pre-law with 18 percent and 15 percent, respectively. Only 7 percent were undecided.[30]

The class of 2013 had 35 percent of students from Ohio, 56 percent from other states, and 9 percent from outside of the United States—representing a total of 50 states and 82 countriesDell Studio 1536 Battery.

Schools and programs

The controversial "Case" logo

In 2003, the university unveiled a new logo and branding campaign that emphasized the "Case" portion of its name. In 2006, interim university president Gregory Eastwood convened a task group to study reactions to the campaign. The panel's report indicated that it had gone so poorly that, "There appear to be serious concerns now about the university's ability to recruit and maintain high-quality facultyDell Studio 1537 Battery, fund-raising and leadership." Also, the logo was derided among the university's community and alumni and throughout northeastern Ohio; critics said it looked like "...a fat man with a surfboard."

In 2007, the university's board of trustees approved a shift back to giving equal weight to "Case" and "Western Reserve." A new logo was chosen and implementation began July 1.[34] In an open letter to the university community, interim president Eastwood admitted that "the university had misplaced its own history and traditionsDell Studio 1555 Battery."


Case Western Reserve University's endowment ranks at No. 30 among all U.S. colleges and universities. The university comes in at No. 18 for largest endowment growth over the past 20 years, experiencing an increase of 393 percent in that time (See: List of U.S. colleges and universities by endowment) Dell Studio 1557 Battery.

[edit]Student body

As of 2009, the university had 4,228 undergraduate students and 5,510 graduate and professional students. The undergraduate student body hails from all 50 states and 82 countries.

Allen Memorial Medical Library

DEXTER, Team Case's autonomous car, in DARPA Grand Challenge 2007

Following is a partial list of major contributions made by faculty, staff, and students at Case Western ReserveDell Studio 1558 Battery:

Case Western Reserve was the site of the famous Michelson-Morley interferometer experiment, conducted in 1887 by Albert Abraham Michelson of Case Institute of Technology and E. W. Morley of Western Reserve University. This experiment proved the non-existence of the ether, and provided circumstantial evidence to substantiate Einstein's special theory of relativity (Profs. Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley, 1887) Dell Studio 1735 Battery.

Albert Abraham Michelson, who became the first American to win a Nobel Prize in science, taught at Case Institute of Technology. He won the prize in physics in 1907.

Edward Morley, in 1895, discovered the atomic weight of oxygen, the basis for calculating the weights of all other elements.

Dayton C. Miller, in 1896, performed the first full X-ray of the human body—on himself.

George W. Crile, in 1905, performed the first modern blood transfusion, using a coupling device to connect blood vesselsDell Studio 1737 Battery.

Roger G. Perkins, in 1912, pioneered drinking water chlorination to eradicate typhoid bacilli.

Henry J. Gerstenberger, in 1915, developed simulated infant formula.

Claude S. Beck, in 1935, pioneered surgical treatment of coronary artery disease.

Frederick S. Cross, in the 1950s, developed the first heart-lung machine used during open heart surgeryDell Inspiron 1210 Battery.

Claude S. Beck, in 1947, performed the first successful lifesaving defibrillation of the human heart and developed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Robert Kearns, in 1964, invented the intermittent windshield wiper used in most modern automobiles.

Frederick Reines, in 1965, first detected neutrinos created by cosmic ray collisions with the Earth's atmosphere and developed innovative particle detectorsDell Inspiron Mini 12 Battery. Case Western Reserve had selected Prof. Reines as chair of the physics department based on Reines's work that first detected neutrinos emitted from a nuclear reactor—work for which Reines shared a 1995 Nobel Prize.[36]

Eric Baer, in 1967, pioneered the materials science of polymers and created the first comprehensive polymer science and engineering department at a major U.S. universityDell Latitude E4300 Battery.

Joseph F. Fagan, in 1987, developed a test for infants to identify mental retardation within one year of birth.

Huntington F. Willard of the School of Medicine and University Hospitals of Cleveland—collaborating with colleagues at Athersys, Inc., in 1997—created the first artificial human chromosomes, opening the door to more detailed study of human genetics and potentially offering a new approach to gene therapyDell Latitude E4310 Battery.

Tshilidzi Marwala, in 2006, began work on Local Loop Unbundling in Africa. He also chaired the Local Loop Unbundling Committee on behalf of the South African Government.

Roger Quinn, in 2001, developed robots such as Whegs that mimic cockroaches and other crawling insects (Case Biorobotics Lab) Dell Vostro 1310 Battery

In 2007, a team from Case Western Reserve participated in the DARPA Urban Challenge with a robotic car named DEXTER. Team Case placed as one of 36 semi-finalists.[38] DEXTER was the only car in the race without any seating for humans, and the only one built from scratch as a robot car. Dell Vostro 1320 Battery

Today, the university operates several facilities off campus for scientific research. One notable example of this is the Warner and Swasey Observatory at Kitt Peak National Observatory in Arizona.

Unless students are living with a relative within 40 miles (64 km) of the university, Case Western Reserve requires first- and second-year students to live in on-campus housingDell Vostro 1510 Battery. Meal plan participation is also mandatory for first- and second-year students, with some exceptions made for religious and medical reasons. New housing for underclassmen, along with a "Greek village," bringing all the college's fraternities and sororities together with the other undergraduates, is slated to be constructed in the futureDell Vostro 1520 Battery.

The residence halls are divided into two areas, one featuring suite-style rooms for second-year students and upperclassmen and the other featuring double and single rooms for first-year students. Both have gigabit ethernet network access and the wired network is one of the fastest that exists. A wireless campus network is also available anywhere on campus and ranked as one of the fastest by Intel in 2005. New housing, known as the Village at 115Dell Vostro 2510 Battery, was opened in fall 2005 for upperclassmen, which features one- to nine-person, "apartment-style" residence halls that come with air conditioning, a full kitchen area, and full-sized beds.

Residence Life at Case Western Reserve has a recent history of being liberal in its policies, including allowing co-ed suites (an option offered to non-freshman students, when requested and agreed upon by all occupants of a suite) Dell Inspiron 1410 Battery and some co-ed floors for freshmen, as well as a three-day guest policy. Pets are allowed except for dogs, cats, ferrets, and a few other small mammals, but requests are granted discussion.

Graduate students are not offered housing.

A campus shuttle runs to Coventry Village, a shopping district in neighboring Cleveland Heights. Cleveland's Little Italy is within walking distance. Legacy Village, Severance Center, and Shaker Square shopping centers are all within driving distance or accessible by RTADell Vostro 1014 Battery.

WRUW-FM (91.1 FM) is the campus radio station of Case Western Reserve University. Its motto "More Music, Fewer Hits" can be seen adorning the rear bumpers of many vehicles in the area. WRUW broadcasts at a power of 15,000 watts and covers most of Northeast Ohio 24 hours a day, 365 days a yearDell Vostro 1014n Battery.

WRUW is staffed by Case Western Reserve students and community volunteers. The station's format can be classified as non-commercial "variety."

Case Western Reserve is also home to several performing ensembles, including a cappella groups such as the Case Men's Glee Club, Case Women's Glee Club, Case in Point, Speakeasy, Dhamakapella, Bigger Than A BreadboxDell Vostro 1015 Battery, and Solstice. Other ensembles include the Case/University Circle Symphony Orchestra, Camerata Chamber Orchestra, Case/CIM Baroque Orchestra, Concert Choir, Early Music Singers, Jazz Ensemble 1 and 2, Marching Spartans, Percussion Ensemble, Symphonic Winds, University Singers, Collegium Musicum, New Music Ensemble, Wind Ensemble, and Chamber MusicDell Vostro 1088 Battery.

Case Western Reserve has two main rehearsal spaces for performing arts music majors and school ensembles. Hadyn Hall contains practice rooms with Steinway pianos, along with the department offices. Denison Hall serves as a rehearsal, practice, and teaching space for the music students and school ensembles, and is attached to Wade CommonsDell Vostro A840 Battery. The Cleveland Youth Wind Symphony also rehearses in Denison Hall. Music majors take lessons at the Cleveland Institute of Music.

For performances, all students, ensembles, and cappella groups use Harkness Chapel. The bands and orchestra also perform at Severance Hall (the on-campus home of the Cleveland Orchestra) and CIM's Kulas HallDell Vostro A860 Battery.


Case Western Reserve had the first ABET-accredited program in computer engineering.[40]

In 1968, the university formed a private company, Chi Corporation, to provide computer time to both it and other customers. Initially this was on a Univac 1108 (replacing the preceding UNIVAC 1107), 36 bit, one's complement machine.[41] The company was sold in 1977 to Robert G. Benson in Beachwood, OhioDell XPS M2010 Battery.

Project Logos, under ARPA contract, was begun within the department on a DEC System-10 (later converted to TENEX (BBN) in conjunction with connection to the ARPANET) to develop a computer-aided computer design system. This system consisted in a distributed, networked, graphics environment, a control and data flow designer and logic (both hardware and software) analyzerDell Inspiron 1520 Battery. Graphics and animation became another departmental focus with the acquisition of an Evans & Sutherland LDS-1, which was hosted by the DEC System-10, and later with the acquisition of the stand alone LDS-2.

Case Western Reserve was one of the earliest universities connected to the ARPANET, predecessor to the Internet. ARPANET went online in 1969; Case Western Reserve was connected in January, 1971. Dell Inspiron 1521 BatteryCase Western Reserve graduate Ken Biba published the Biba Integrity Model in 1977 and served on the ARPA Working Group that developed the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) used on the Internet.

Case Western Reserve pioneered the early Free-net computer systems, creating the first Free-net, The Cleveland Free-Net, as well as writing the software that drove a majority of those systems, known as FreePort. The Cleveland Free-Net was shut down in late 1999, as it had become obsoleteDell Inspiron 1720 Battery.

It was the first university to have an all-fiber-optic network, in 1989.[43][44]

At the inaugural meeting in October, 1996, Case Western Reserve was one of the 34 charter university members of Internet2.

The university was ranked No. 1 in Yahoo Internet Life's 1999 Most Wired College list.[46] There was a perception that this award was obtained through partially false or inaccurate information submitted for the survey, and the university did not appear at all on the 2000 Most Wired College list (which included 100 institutions) Dell Inspiron 1721 Battery. The numbers reported were much lower than those submitted by Ray Neff in 1999. The university had previously placed No. 13 in the 1997 poll.

In August 2003, Case Western Reserve joined the Internet Streaming Media Alliance, then one of only two university members.

In September 2003, Case Western Reserve opened 1,230 public wireless access points on the Case Western Reserve campus and University Circle. Dell Vostro 1500 Battery

Case Western Reserve was one of the founding members of OneCleveland, formed in October 2003.[53] OneCleveland is an "ultra broadband" (gigabit speed) fiber optic network. This network is for the use of organizations in education, research, government, healthcare, arts, culture, and the nonprofit sector in Greater ClevelandDell Vostro 1700 Battery.

Case Western Reserve is also known for its Virtual Worlds gaming computer lab, which opened in 2005. The lab has a large network of Alienware PCs equipped with game development software such as the Torque Game Engine and Maya 3D modeling software. Additionally, it contains a number of specialized advanced computing rooms including a medical simulation roomDell Inspiron 1420 Battery, a MIDI instrument music room, a 3D projection "immersion room," a virtual reality research room, and console room, which features video game systems such as Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, and Wii.[54] This laboratory can be used by any student in the Electrical Engineering and Computer Science department, and is heavily used for the Game Development (EECS 290) courseDell Vostro 1400 Battery.

Case Western's Internet Technology Service also runs a High Performance Computing Cluster (HPCC) utilizing 976 processors over 133 computer nodes interconnected with gigabit fiberoptic ethernet. The HPCC is available for research utilizing a wide array of commercial and custom scientific software packages and computer languages including: Matlab, Mathematica, Ansys CFX Fluent and ICEM, Schrödinger, LAMMPS, GaussianDell Latitude 2100 Battery, NEURON, MCell, Python, Qhull, Sundials, Charmm/qchem, Rosetta, Gromacs, NAMD, C, C++, Fortran.


First-year students are grouped into one of three residential colleges that are overseen by first-year coordinators. The Mistletoe, Juniper, and Magnolia residential colleges were established when the "First Year Experience" system was in

troduced, and Cedar was created in the fall of 2005 to accommodate a large influx of new studentsDell Latitude 2110 Battery. In the fall of 2007, Magnolia was integrated into Mistletoe. The areas of focus for each college – Cedar: visual and performing arts; Mistletoe: service leadership; and Juniper: multiculturalism – remain the same.

The residential colleges plan events together and are run by college councils that take student input and use it to plan social and community service-oriented activitiesDell Latitude D620 Battery.

Greek life

Nearly one-third of the campus undergraduates are in a fraternity or sorority. There are seven sororities and sixteen fraternities currently on campus. Greek organizations are governed by an Interfraternity Council and Panhellenic Council. Recently semi-recognition had been given to a colony of Omega Tau Zeta, but they unfortunately disbanded Fall 2011Dell Latitude D630 Battery. During the 2008–2009 school year, fraternities and sororities at Case collectively raised over $43,000 for philanthropy.[55] In September 2010, the Delta Chi Fraternity joined the Greek community. In March 2011, the Interfraternity Council at Case ceased recognition of Sigma Alpha Mu. However, Sigma Alpha Mu continues to exist on campus as a nationally recognized fraternity. The fraternities are:

From 1937 to 2001 there was a German-American Studentenverbindung situated in Cleveland called Corps Brandenburgia Berlin zu Cleveland. It consisted mainly of students from the German nobility. Together with the Corps Teuto-Rugia, they formed the SC zu Clevelandsony vgp-bps2 battery.


The Hudson Relays is an annual tradition at Case Western Reserve University that occurs on the last weekend before finals every spring semester. It is a relay race between teams drawn from each class year. The race is a distance of 26 miles (42 km). Originally, the race was run from Hudson, Ohio, the original site of Western Reserve Universitysony vgp-bps3 battery, to the present location of the school in University Circle. Since the mid-1980s, the race has been run entirely in the University Circle area. University tradition is that if a class wins the relay for each of its four years, the team will be rewarded with a champagne and steak dinner with the president of the university. The most recent class to achieve this was the class of 2011. The winning class for each year is carved on a boulder located behind Adelbert Hallsony vgp-bps4 battery.

Springfest is a day-long concert and student group festival that occurs later in the same day as Hudson Relays. The Springfest Planning Committee brings in several bands and a beer garden, student groups set up booths to entertain the student body, and various inflatable carnival-style attractions are brought in to add to the festive atmospheresony vgp-bps5 battery. Occasionally, due to adverse weather conditions, the festival must be moved indoors, usually to Thwing Center or Adelbert Gym.

Halloween at the Farm is a tradition established in the fall of 2002. Halloween at the Farm takes place at the Squire Valleevue Farm in Hunting Valley, Ohio. Students, their families, and faculty are invited to enjoy games, a bonfire, an open air concert and hay rides. Organized by the members of the Class Officer Collective, HATF is one of the biggest events of the yearsony vgp-bps7 battery. In the fall of 2009 the event was moved to the main campus and renamed "Halloween at Home".

Since 1974, the Film Society of Case Western Reserve University has held a science fiction marathon. The film festival, the oldest of its type, boasts more than 34 hours of non-stop movies, cartoons, trailers, and shorts spanning many decades and sub-genressony vgp-bpl7 battery.


The Veale Athletic Center, which houses much of the Case Western Reserve University athletic and Physical Education departments.

Case Western Reserve University has been a member of the University Athletic Association (UAA) since the early 1990s. The conference participates in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division III. The university offers 10 men's sports and nine women's sportssony vgp-bps8 battery. Two of the teams attained unprecedented success in the fall of 2006, with the women's cross country team winning the Great Lakes regional championship for the first time, and the men's soccer team earning its first-ever NCAA tournament bid.

The Case Western Reserve Men's Soccer team finished their 2006 season with a 17–2–2 record and a UAA championship. The team reached the Sweet 16 in their first-ever NCAA Division III tournament appearance and concluded the season ranked 12th in the nationsony vgp-bps8a battery.

Case Western Reserve has an excellent cross country program, as evidenced by their finishes at the NCAA national competition over the past three years. The Case Western Reserve's women's cross country team finished the 2006 season with a UAA Championship and a bid to the NCAA Championship. The Lady Spartans finished 10th in the nationsony vgp-bps8b battery. The women's team went on to finish even higher at nationals in 2007, earning a sixth-place finish at the NCAA DIII national championship. Both the men's and women's Cross Country teams qualified for and competed in the NCAA DIII national championships in 2008, with the women's team coming away with two All-Americans and a 16th-place finish. In 2009, they had two All-Americans and finished 15th. In 2010, the lady Spartans finished 19thsony vgp-bpl8 battery, with one all-American, senior Justine Jeroski.

The Case Western Reserve football team finished the 2007 season with the school's first UAA Championship in football, first playoff appearance, and first playoff win against Widener University. The team lost to Wabash College in the second round. Case Western Reserve football had another undefeated regular season in 2008 but lost in the first round of the NCAA Division III playoffs to Wabash Collegesony vgp-bps9 battery. In 2009, the team finished its 3rd consecutive undefeated regular season and won the UAA. It earned a 3rd straight playoff appearance, losing in the first round to Trine University. Beginning with the 2014 season, the football team will be moving to the Presidents' Athletic Conference. All other sports will remain in the University Athletic Associationsony vgp-bps9/s battery.

Case Western Reserve's primary athletic rival is Carnegie Mellon University.

Alumni Associations

Throughout the years, many higher education institutions merged to form what is now known as Case Western Reserve University. Even though the colleges do not exist individually, two alumni associations are still thrivingsony vgp-bps9a/s battery.

Case Alumni Association

The Case Alumni Association (CAA) is one of the oldest independent alumni organization in the United States, having been organized in 1885. Membership in the Association is conferred upon all graduates of the Case School of Applied Science, Case Institute of Technology, Case School of Engineering, and the mathematics and science departments within the College of Arts and Sciencessony vgp-bps9/b battery. Those who have attended any of the above institutions for at least one semester are considered members of the association. The main offices returned to campus in November 2010 at Tomlinson Hall, 2121 Martin Luther King Jr. Drive, Cleveland, Ohio, 44106.

CAA recently expanded its reach by establishing chapters (Case Clubs) in various U.S. cities, including Washington, D.C., Silicon Valley, San Diego, Los Angeles, Phoenix and Boston. sony vgp-bps9a/b battery

[edit]CWRU Alumni Relations

Case Western Reserve University Alumni Relations is the primary alumni association for any alumni who have attend CWRU for at least one semester.

Cultural references

The 1997 Air Force One was in part filmed on Case campus. The opening scene depicting the presidential palace of the leader of Kazakhstan was shot at Severance Hall - home of the Cleveland Orchestra adjacent to Case campussony vgp-bps9a battery. Also seen are several landmarks of Case including the Thwing Center (the student union) and the Allen Memorial Medical Library.

In the 1999 film Being John Malkovich, Mary Kay Place's character - Floris - is mentioned to have received "her doctorate in speech impedimentology from Case Western."

In the 2001 film The Man Who Wasn't There, it is mentioned that the James Gandolfini character 'Big Dave Brewster' attended Case Westernsony vgp-bps9b battery.

In the 2003 book Mountains Beyond Mountains, Tracy Kidder talks about Paul Farmer choosing to apply to only two MD/PhD-anthropology programs in the nation - CaseMed and Harvard Medical School.

The 2004 Vice-Presidential Debate between then Vice-President Dick Cheney and Senator John Edwards was held on Case Western campus. sony vgp-bpl9 battery

In the 2006 film The Oh in Ohio, Paul Rudd's character - Jack - becomes romantically involved with a Case student Kristin (played by Mischa Barton). In one scene, Jack drops Kristin off at the "Case Biophysics building," which is actually the Frank Gehry designed Peter B. Lewis Building at Case's Weatherhead School of Management. In this scene, a number of actual Case Western Reserve students were cast as extras, and had minor speaking rolessony vgp-bps10 battery.

In "Drew's Cousin," a 1998 installment of The Drew Carey Show's third season, the episode's namesake mentions to Drew that she "got into Case Western."

In 2008, the movie Flash of Genius detailed the story of Robert Kearns, who graduated from Case Institute of Technology. The movie is about how he designed the first intermittent windshield wipers, and his battle against the automobile industry to get recognition for his inventionSony VGP-BPS13 Battery.

In 2010, the show The Deep End on ABC features a main character, Addy Fisher, who graduated from Case Western Reserve Law School.

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