Imperial College London And University College London

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Imperial College London (officially The Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine)[1] is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, specialising in science, engineering, business and medicine.[5] Formerly a constituent college of the federal University of London, Imperial became fully independent in 2007, the 100th anniversary of its founding. Sony PCG-71313M battery

Imperial's main campus is located in the South Kensington area of central London on the boundary between the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and the City of Westminster. It has additional campuses in the Chelsea, Hammersmith and Paddington areas of central London. With a total of 525,233 square metres of operational propertySony PCG-71212M battery, it has one of the largest estates of any higher education institution in the UK.[7] Imperial is organised into four main academic units – Imperial College Faculty of Natural Sciences, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Engineering and the Imperial College Business School – within which there are over 40 departments, institutes and research centres. Sony PCG-71311M battery

Imperial has around 13,500 full-time students and 3,330 academic and research staff[9] and had a total income of £705 million in 2010/11, of which £299 million was from research grants and contracts.[2] Imperial is a major centre for biomedical research and is a founding member of the Imperial College Healthcare academic health science centre.Sony PCG-71213M battery It is consistently ranked among the top universities in the world, ranking 24th in the world (and 5th in Europe) in the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities,[11] 6th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) in the 2011 QS World University Rankings,[12] and 8th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) in the 2012 Times Higher Education World University Rankings. Sony PCG-61211M battery There are currently 14 Nobel Prize winners and two Fields Medal winners amongst Imperial's alumni and current and former faculty.[14][15]

Imperial is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the Association of MBAs, the European University Association, the G5, the IDEA League, the League of European Research Universities, Oak Ridge Associated Universities and the Russell GroupSony VAIO VPCF24Q1E battery. It forms part of the 'Golden Triangle' of British universities.[16]


Sir Henry de la Beche


The origins of the constituent elements of Imperial can be traced back as far as the 15th century. The College of St Gregory and St Martin at Wye was originally founded in 1447 as a seminary, with an agricultural college being established at Wye in the 1890s after the removal of the theological collegeSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/H battery. The medical schools of Charing Cross Hospital, Westminster Hospital and St Mary's Hospital were opened in 1823, 1834 and 1854 respectively. The Royal School of Mines was founded by Sir Henry de la Beche in 1851, laying one of the foundation stones for scientific teaching in Britain. The Royal College of Science was established in 1881 and the City and Guilds College in 1884. Sony VAIO VPCF12Z1E/BI battery

[edit]20th century

In 1907, the newly established Board of Education found that greater capacity for higher technical education was needed and a proposal to merge the City and Guilds College, the Royal School of Mines and the Royal College of Science was approved and passed, creating The Imperial College of Science and Technology as a constituent college of the University of LondonSony VAIO VPCF12S1E/B battery. Imperial's Royal Charter, granted by Edward VII, was officially signed on 8 July 1907. The main campus of Imperial College was constructed beside the buildings of the Imperial Institute in South Kensington.

The Queen's Tower near dusk

The Imperial College Boat Club was founded on 12 December 1919. Imperial acquired Silwood Park in 1947, to provide a site for research and teaching in those aspects of biology not well suited for the main London campusSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E/BI battery. Felix, Imperial's student newspaper, was launched on 9 December 1949. On 29 January 1950, the government announced that it was intended that Imperial should expand to meet the scientific and technological challenges of the 20th century and a major expansion of the College followed over the next decade. In 1959 the Wolfson Foundation donated £350,000 for the establishment of a new Biochemistry DepartmentSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E battery. A special relationship between Imperial and the Indian Institute of Technology (Delhi) was established in 1963. The Department of Management Science was created in 1971 and the Associated Studies Department was established in 1972. The Humanities Department was opened in 1980, formed from the Associated Studies and History of Science departmentsSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery.

In 1988 Imperial merged with St Mary's Hospital Medical School, becoming The Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine. In 1995 Imperial launched its own academic publishing house, Imperial College Press, in partnership with World Scientific.[20] Imperial merged with the National Heart and Lung Institute in 1995 and the Charing Cross and Westminster Medical SchoolSony VAIO VPCF1318E/H battery, Royal Postgraduate Medical School (RPMS) and the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 1997. In that year the Imperial College School of Medicine was formally established. In 1998 the Sir Alexander Fleming Building was opened in order to provide purpose-built headquarters for the College's medical and biomedical research.

In 2000 Imperial merged with both the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology and Wye CollegeSony VAIO VPCF13J0E/H battery, the University of London's agricultural college in Wye, Kent. It agreed to keep Agricultural Sciences at Wye, but closed them in 2004.[21] In December 2005, Imperial announced a science park programme at the Wye campus, with extensive housing;[22] however, this was abandoned in September 2006 following complaints that the proposal infringed on Areas of Outstanding Natural BeautySony VAIO VPCF13E8E battery, and that the true scale of the scheme, which could have raised £110m for the College, was known to Kent and Ashford Councils and their consultants but concealed from the public.[21] Wye College will now be run by the University of Kent from September 2007 in association with Imperial College London and Wye College, graduates will receive a degree from the University of Kent and an Imperial Associateship of Wye College. Sony VAIO VPCF13E4E battery

21st century

In May 2001 a new faculty structure was established, with all departments being assigned to the Faculties of Engineering, Medicine, Physical Sciences and Life Sciences. A merger with University College London was proposed in October 2002, but was abandoned a month later following protests from staff over potential redundancies. Sony VAIO VPCF12M1E/H battery In 2003 Imperial was granted degree-awarding powers in its own right by the Privy Council. The London Centre for Nanotechnology was established in the same year as a joint venture between UCL and Imperial College London.[25][26] In 2004 the Tanaka Business School (now named the Imperial College Business School) and a new Main Entrance on Exhibition Road were opened by Her Majesty The QueenSony VAIO VPCF12F4E/H battery. In November 2005 the faculties of Life Sciences and Physical Sciences merged to become the Faculty of Natural Sciences.

On 9 December 2005, Imperial College announced that it would commence negotiations to secede from the University of London.[27] The University of London became fully independent of Imperial College in July 2007 and the first students to register for an Imperial College degree were postgraduates beginning their course in October 2007Sony VAIO VPCF12E1E/H battery, with the first undergraduates enrolling for an Imperial degree in October 2008.

In May 2012 Imperial, UCL and the IT company Intel announced the establishment of the Intel Collaborative Research Institute for Sustainable Connected Cities, a London-based institute for research into the future of cities.


The Natural History Museum on Exhibition Road

Imperial's main campus is in South Kensington, situated in an area with a high concentration of cultural and academic institutions known as AlbertopolisSony VAIO VPCF11Z1E/BI battery, which also includes the Natural History Museum, the Science Museum, the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Royal College of Music, the Royal College of Art, the Royal Geographical Society and the Royal Albert Hall. The expansion of the South Kensington campus in the 1960s absorbed the site of the former Imperial Institute, designed by Thomas Collcutt, of which only the 287 foot (87 m) high Queen's Tower remains among the more modern buildingsSony VAIO VPCF24M1E battery.

Imperial has two other major campuses – at Silwood Park (near Ascot in Berkshire) and at Wye (near Ashford in Kent). The Wye campus, some of it dating back to the 15th century, is currently vacant and available for sale or rent. The Imperial College NHS Trust has multiple hospitals throughout Greater London and various medic lectures are conducted within these hospitalsSony VAIO VPCF23S1E battery, including St. Mary's Hospital, Charing Cross Hospital, Northwick Park Hospital & St. Mark's Hospital and Hammersmith Hospital. In 1997, the parliamentary Imperial College Act 1997 officially transferred all the obligations, powers and property of Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School, the National Heart and Lung Institute and the Royal Postgraduate Medical School to ImperialSony VAIO VPCF231S1E battery.

Extensive renovation continues throughout the College estate. Recent major projects include the Imperial College Business School, the Ethos sports centre, the Southside hall of residence and the Eastside hall of residence. Current major projects include the reconstruction of the south-eastern quadrant of the South Kensington campusSony VAIO VPCF23Q1E battery.

Organisation and administration

Imperial's entrance on Exhibition Road

[edit]Faculties and departments

Imperial’s research and teaching is organised within a network of faculties and academic departments. Imperial currently has the following three constituent faculties:

Imperial College Faculty of Engineering

Imperial College Faculty of Medicine

Imperial College Faculty of Natural Sciences.

The Imperial College Business School, Department of Humanities and Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine exist as academic units outside of the faculty structureSony VAIO VPCF23M1E battery.

The humanities department's main purpose is to provide elective subjects and language courses outside the field of science for students in the other faculties and departments. Students are encouraged to take these classes either for credit or in their own time, and in some departments this is mandatory.[34] Courses exist in a wide range of topics including philosophySony VAIO VPCF22S8E battery, ethics in science and technology, history, modern literature and drama, art in the 20th century, film studies.[35] Language courses are available in French, German, Japanese, Italian, Russian, Spanish, Arabic and Mandarin Chinese.[36] The humanities department also runs a full-time course in scientific translation,[37] and is home to the Science Communication Group which offers Masters degrees in Science Communication and Science Media Production for science graduatesSony VAIO VPCF22S1E battery.


In the financial year ended 31 July 2011, Imperial had total net income of £704.2 million (2009/10 – £693.2 million) and total expenditure of £660.4 million (2009/10 – £651.2 million).[2] Key sources of income included £299.2 million from research grants and contracts (2009/10 – £296.8 million), £168.6 million from Funding Council grants (2009/10 – £172.2 million) Sony VAIO VPCF22M1E battery, £137.9 million from academic fees and support grants (2009/10 – £120.9 million) and £5.6 million from endowment and investment income (2009/10 – £15.0 million).[2] During the 2010/11 financial year Imperial had a capital expenditure of £76.9 million (2009/10 – £115.0 million).

At 31 July 2011 Imperial had endowments of £75.6 million (2009/10 – £58.8 million) and total net assets of £843.2 million (2009/10 – £744.6 million) Sony VAIO VPCF22L1E battery.


Imperial has over 6,000 academic staff, including 2 Fields Medallists, 66 Fellows of the Royal Society, 71 Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 62 Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences.


The Bessemer building

Imperial had a total income from research grants and contracts in 2010/11 of £299 million, the second-highest of any British university in that year (after the University of Oxford) Sony VAIO VPCF22J1E battery.

In the December 2001 Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), 75% of staff achieved a 5* rating, the highest proportion in any UK university.[40] The College was second in the country with an overall score of 6.68 out of 7.[41] The most recent RAE returned 26% of the 1225 staff submitted as being world-leading (4*) and a further 47% as being internationally excellent (3*)Sony VAIO VPCF11S1E/B battery.

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise five subjects – Pure Mathematics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, and Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering – were assessed to be the best in terms of the proportion of internationally recognised research quality. Sony VAIO VPCF11M1E/H battery

Imperial has a dedicated technology transfer company known as Imperial Innovations. Imperial actively encourages its staff to commercialise its research and as a result has given rise to a proportionally large number of spin-out companies based on academic research.

Imperial College, in conducting research on Parkinson's disease and Multiple Sclerosis, hosts a brain bank consisting of brains donated by individuals affected with either of these diseases. Sony VAIO VPCF11D4E battery This brain bank is the largest in the world, consisting of 296 samples.[45]


Main articles: Imperial College Faculty of Medicine and Imperial College Healthcare

St. Mary's Hospital

The Imperial Faculty of Medicine is one of the largest faculties of medicine in the UK. It was formed through mergers between Imperial and the St Mary’s, Charing Cross and Westminster, and Royal Postgraduate medical schools and has six teaching hospitals. It accepts more than 300 undergraduate medical students per year and has around 321 taught and 700 research full-time equivalent postgraduate studentsSony VAIO VPCF11C5E battery.

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust was formed on 1 October 2007 by the merger of Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust (Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital and Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital) and St Mary's NHS Trust (St. Mary's Hospital and Western Eye Hospital) with Imperial College London Faculty of Medicine. Sony VAIO VPCF11C4E/B battery It is an academic health science centre and manages five hospitals: Charing Cross Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, St Mary's Hospital, and Western Eye Hospital. The Trust is currently the largest in the UK and has an annual turnover of £800 million, treating more than a million patients a year. Sony VAIO PCG-31114V battery

Other (non-academic health science centres) hospitals affiliated with Imperial College include Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Royal Brompton Hospital, West Middlesex University Hospital, Hillingdon Hospital, Mount Vernon Hospital, Harefield Hospital, Ealing Hospital, Central Middlesex Hospital, Northwick Park Hospital, St. Mark's Hospital, St. Charles' Hospital and St.Peter's Hospital (UK). Sony VAIO PCG-31114M battery


The Faculty Building at the South Kensington campus

Imperial is among the most selective universities in the UK.[48] From 1999 to 2009 (dates of all the online available records), the overall acceptance rate of Imperial College programmes has been consistently below 20%[49] and, in 2009, the acceptance rate of the college for undergraduates was 15.3%.[50] The acceptance rate for postgraduate courses was 19.5%.Sony VAIO PCG-31113M battery

Imperial, along with University College London[51] and the University of Cambridge[52] was one of the first universities in the UK to make use of the A* grade at A Level for admissions, with engineering and physics courses requiring an A* in Mathematics. Aeronautical Engineering is the course with the highest entry standards requiring an A* in MathematicsSony VAIO PCG-31112M battery (A grades in every single module) and an A* in Physics and another A grade at A Level (Further Mathematics preferred). Mathematics courses themselves require A* grades in Mathematics and Further Mathematics, along with another A grade at A Level.

Imperial announced in summer 2008 that it was exploring the possibility of entrance exams to help it select the most suitable students. Sony VAIO PCG-31111M battery Since then, the College has been reviewing and piloting a range of assessment approaches, such as subject-specific tests, skills tests and motivation-based tests as part of enhanced interviews and will continue to do so during the 2009–10 academic year. The Cambridge Thinking Skills assessment (TSA) was one test trialled on existing Imperial College studentsSony VAIO PCG-41112M battery. No date is set for the implementation of any entrance exam for applicants. Medicine and BioMedical Sciences at Imperial already uses the BMAT (BioMedical Attainment Test) as part of the selection process.


Imperial College is consistently ranked one of the top universities in the world. Most rankings place it in the top 10 globally. In the 2010 Academic Ranking of World Universities, Imperial is ranked 24th overall in the world (and 5th in Europe). Sony VAIO PCG-41111M batteryIn the subject tables it is ranked 23rd in the world (and 5th in Europe) for clinical medicine and pharmacy,[62] 30th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) for engineering/technology and computer sciences,[63] 24th in the world (and 5th in Europe) for natural sciences and mathematics[64] and 14th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for physics. In the 2010 QS World University RankingsSONY VAIO PCG-21212M battery, Imperial is ranked 7th overall in the world (and 4th in Europe). In the subject tables it is ranked 6th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for engineering and technology,[66] 11th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) for life sciences and medicine[67] and 11th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for natural sciences. SONY VAIO PCG-21211M battery

In the 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Imperial is ranked 8th overall in the world (and 3rd in Europe). In the subject tables it is ranked 3rd in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for clinical, pre-clinical and health,[69] 9th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for engineering and technology, 9th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) for life sciences[71] and 13th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for physical sciences. SONY VAIO PCG-51212M battery

Imperial is also consistently one of the highest ranked universities in the UK university rankings and is 3rd overall in the 2011 Complete University Guide, Sunday Times University Guide and Times Good University Guide and 7th in the 2011 Guardian University Guide. In the Complete University Guide subject tables Imperial is currently ranked 3rd for biological sciencesSONY VAIO PCG-51211M battery, 2nd for chemical engineering, 1st for civil engineering, 3rd for computer science and 3rd for medicine.[73] In the Guardian University Guide subject tables it is currently ranked 2nd for chemical engineering, 1st for civil engineering, 3rd for materials and mineral engineering and 3rd for mechanical engineering.[74] The college has been the only institution to have displaced Oxford from the top two spots in a major university league table. SONY VAIO PCG-51112M battery

The Financial Times placed Imperial's Business School within the top 20 in Europe.[76] The Business School is also consistently ranked in the top 10 worldwide for entrepreneurship[citation needed]. The business school also offers a full time MBA that is ranked 17th in Europe by the Financial Times and a part time Executive MBA programme that is ranked 4th in EuropeSONY VAIO PCG-51111M battery.

Human Resources & Labor Review, a human competitiveness index & analysis published in Chasecareer Network, ranked Imperial 26th internationally in 2010 as one of the 300 Best World Universities.

Furthermore, in terms of job prospects, Imperial is one of the best in the UK. The average starting salary of an Imperial graduate is £25,780 which is the highest of any UK university. SONY VAIO PCG-81212M batteryIn 2009, the Sunday Times ranked Computing graduates from Imperial as earning the second highest average starting salary behind Cambridge economics graduates, £34,960,[78] after graduation, over all universities and courses.

Student life

Royal School of Mines entrance and the Goldsmiths' wing, Prince Consort Road, London

Student body

For the 2007–08 academic year, Imperial College had a total full-time student body of 12,319: 8741 undergraduate students and 3578 postgraduates. In addition there were 1036 part-time studentsSony VAIO PCG-81112M battery, all postgraduates. 29% of all full-time students come from outside the European Union Average age in Imperial College is 23 for Post Grad.

Imperial's male:female ratio for undergraduate students is uneven at approximately 64:36 overall[50] and 5:1 in some engineering courses. However, medicine has an approximate 1:1 ratio with biology degrees tending to be higherSONY VAIO PCG-71111M battery.

Imperial College Union

Main article: Imperial College Union

Imperial College Union, the students' union at Imperial College, is run by five full-time sabbatical officers elected from the student body for a tenure of one year, and a number of permanent members of staff. The Union is given a large subvention by the university, much of which is spent on maintaining around 300 clubs, projects and societiesSONY VAIO PCG-7196M battery. Examples of notable student groups and projects are Project Nepal which sends Imperial College students to work on educational development programmes in rural Nepal and the El Salvador Project, a construction based project in Central America. The Union also hosts sports-related clubs such as Imperial College Boat Club and Imperial College Gliding ClubSONY VAIO PCG-7195M battery.

The Union operates on two sites; Beit Quad, South Kensington and Reynold's, Hammersmith while the Imperial College School of Medicine Students' Union additionally looks after the social, academic and welfare needs of the 2,200 students within the faculty of medicine.


Sports facilities at Imperial's London campuses include four gyms, two swimming pools and two sports halls. Imperial has additional sports facilities at the Teddington and Hartington sports groundsSONY VAIO PCG-7194M battery.

On the South Kensington campus, there are a total of six music practice rooms which consist of upright pianos for usage by people of any grade, and grand pianos which are exclusively for people who have achieved Grade 8 or above.[85]

There are two student bars on the South Kensington campus, one at the Imperial College Union and one at Eastside.[86] There is also a bar for postgraduates and staff called the Holland ClubSONY VAIO PCG-7192M battery.

Student Media

Imperial College Radio

Imperial College Radio (or ICRadio) was founded in November 1975 with the intention of broadcasting to the student halls of residence from a studio under Southside, actually commencing broadcasts in late 1976. It now broadcasts from the West Basement of Beit Quad over the internet[88] and, since 2004, on 1134 AM in WyeSONY PCG-8113M battery. The radio station has a library of over 51,000 tracks, which are searchable on their website.

In 2006 IC Radio received two nominations in the Student Radio Awards: Best Entertainment Show for Liquid Lunch[89] and Best Male Presenter for Martin Archer.[90]

Popular shows on IC Radio in recent years (2006/2007) include: Rocktopia, School Daze' (pop), 'Instru(Mental)' (dance), 'VPT'[91] (Entertainment/Shambles), 'Peter and James'[92]'Moon Unit'[93] and 'The Cornerstone'SONY PCG-8112M battery  (both of which play rock and alternative) and 'Album – A Discourse in Musical History'[95] (devoted to seminal albums).

Imperial College Radio is now best known for its specialist dance music shows, with the likes of Believe The Hype (Electro/Indie), Peer Pressure (Techno) and On Dancefloors (Electro/House) gaining critical acclaim and notoriety not just in college but throughout LondonSONY PCG-7134M battery .

[edit]stoic TV

stoic TV (Student Television of Imperial College) is Imperial College Union's TV station, founded in 1969 and operating from a small TV studio in the Electrical Engineering block. The department had bought an early AMPEX Type A 1-inch videotape recorder and this was used to produce an occasional short news programme which was then played to students by simply moving the VTR and a monitor into a common roomSONY PCG-7131M battery . A cable link to the Southside halls of residence was laid in a tunnel under Exhibition Road in 1972. Besides the news, early productions included a film of the Queen opening what was then called College Block and interview programmes with DJ Mike Raven, Richard O'Brian and Monty Python producer Ian MacNaughtonSONY PCG-7122M battery.

In 2006 it was named Best Broadcaster at NaSTA and also won awards for Best On-Screen Male and Best On-Screen Female. It now broadcasts from studios in the specially built media centre in the Student Union to the Junior Common Room and occasionally DaVinci's Bar. Programmes are also available to watch on their website. SONY PCG-7121M battery


Published weekly, Felix is the free student newspaper of Imperial. It aims to be independent of both the College itself and the Student Union. The editor is elected annually from the student body; the editorship is a full-time, sabbatical position. In 2006 and 2008, Felix won the Guardian Student Media Awards for Student newspaper of the year and Student journalist of the yearSONY PCG-7113M battery.


Live! is an online student news source and forum run by the City and Guilds College Union. Live! also enables readers to view published articles from Livic, the monthly newspaper of CivSoc, the student society in the department of Civil and Environmental Engineering. Content on Live! is text-based news, with one or more photographs per article to illustrate the eventSONY PCG-7112M battery . At the start of 2007 the ability to display videos was added, increasing the breadth of its coverage. Co-operation with Imperial's student television station, stoic TV has led to the introduction of politically-focused video content on the site by syndicating weekly news bulletins and the "Ask the President" show. Live! was also named the best student website in the 2007 Guardian Student Media AwardsSONY PCG-8Z3M battery.

Student housing

Beit Hall (student housing)

Imperial College owns and manages twenty halls of residence in Inner London, Ealing, Ascot and Wye. Over three thousand rooms are available, guaranteeing first year undergraduates a place in College residences.

The majority of halls offer single or twin accommodation with some rooms having en suite facilities. Study bedrooms are provided with basic furniture and with access to shared kitchens and bathroomsSONY PCG-8Z2M battery. The majority of rooms come with internet access and access to the Imperial network. Most of them are considered among the newest student halls at London universities.

Most students in college or university accommodation are first-year undergraduates, since they are granted a room once they have selected Imperial College as their firm offer at UCAS. The majority of older students and postgraduates find accommodation in the private sector, help for which is provided by the College private housing officeSONY PCG-8Z1M battery. However a handful of students may continue to live in halls in later years if they take the position of a "hall senior".

Some students are also selected to live in International Students House, London.


The El Salvador Project is a charitable volunteer project that is constructing earthquake-proof buildings in the poorer areas of El Salvador. About 10 students from the Civil and Environmental Engineering department travel to El Salvador each year to carry out construction workSONY PCG-8Y3M battery. The project has resulted in a registered charity run by Imperial College alumni and former leaders of the El Salvador Project called Engage for Development ( The charity still continues to run and support the annual El Salvador Project within Imperial College but has also taken on a range of other projects such as the Imperial College Tanzania Raincatcher ProjectSONY PCG-8Y2M battery .

Teams from Imperial won University Challenge in 1996 and 2001.[98]

Notable alumni, faculty and staff

Some of Imperial's most well-known alumni, faculty and staff include:

Friends of Imperial College is an association with strong links into the college. It offers anyone interested in the great advances that are being made in science, medicine and technology the opportunity to learn more from leading figures in their fields. Friends provides opportunities for members and their guests to meet and talk with staff, students, alumni and other like-minded people in a programme of visits, talks and social eventsSONY PCG-7Z1M battery .

University College London (UCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and the oldest and largest constituent college of the federal University of London.[5] Founded in 1826, UCL was the first university institution to be founded in London and the first in England to be established on an entirely secular basis, to admit students regardless of their religion and to admit women on equal terms with men. SONY PCG-6W2M battery  UCL became one of the two founding colleges of the University of London in 1836.

UCL's main campus is located in the Bloomsbury area of central London, with a number of institutes and teaching hospitals located elsewhere in central London. UCL is organised into 10 constituent faculties, within which there are over 100 departments, institutes and research centres. UCL had a total income of £802 million in 2010/11SONY PCG-5J5M battery , of which £283 million was from research grants and contracts.[2] For the period 1999 to 2009 it was the 13th most-cited university in the world (and the most-cited in Europe).

UCL has around 4,000 academic and research staff and 650 professors, the highest number of any British university.[8] There are 26 Nobel Prize winners and three Fields Medalists amongst UCL’s alumni and current and former staff, the most recent being Sir Charles K. Kao, who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2009SONY PCG-5K2M battery. UCL is ranked 20th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) in the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities, 7th in the world (and 4th in Europe) in the 2011 QS World University Rankings and 17th in the world (and 5th in Europe) in the 2011 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

UCL is part of three of the 11 biomedical research centres established by the NHS in England and is a founding member of UCL Partners, the largest academic health science centre in Europe. SONY PCG-5K1M battery  UCL is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, the G5, the League of European Research Universities, the Russell Group, UNICA and Universities UK. It forms part of the 'Golden Triangle' of British universities.


The London University as drawn by Thomas Hosmer Shepherd and published in 1827/28 (now the UCL Main Building)

William Ramsay is regarded as a "father of noble gases".

Main article: History of University College LondonSONY PCG-5J4M battery

1826 to 1901

UCL was founded on 11 February 1826 under the name London University as a secular alternative to the religious universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Although the philosopher Jeremy Bentham is commonly seen as the father of UCL, he personally took no part in its creation. Bentham's radical ideas on education and society were the inspiration to the institution's founders howeverSONY PCG-5J1M battery , particularly the Scotsmen James Mill (1773–1836) and Henry Brougham (1778–1868).[17] In 1827 the Chair of Political Economy at London University was created, with John Ramsay McCulloch as the first incumbent, establishing one of the first Department of Economics in England.[18] In 1828 the university became the first in England to offer English as a degree subject[19] and the teaching of Classics and medicine beganSONY PCG-5G2M battery.

In 1830 London University founded the London University School, which was to later become University College School. In 1833 the university appointed Captain Alexander Maconochie, Secretary to the Royal Geographical Society, as the first professor of geography in the UK. In 1834 University College Hospital opened as a teaching hospital for the university medical school. Sony VAIO PCG-8131M battery In 1836, London University became formally known as University College, London, when, under a Royal Charter, it worked with the recently established King's College, London, to create the federal University of London. The Slade School of Fine Art was founded in 1871 as the result of a bequest from Felix Slade. In 1878 UCL became the first British university to admit women on equal terms to men. Sony VAIO PCG-8152M battery In 1898 William Ramsay discovered the elements krypton, neon and xenon whilst professor of chemistry at UCL.

1901 to 2001

Sir Gregory Foster became UCL’s first Provost in 1906, a post that he held for the next 23 years. In the same year the Cruciform Building was opened as the new home for University College Hospital. Sony VAIO PCG-31311M battery In 1907 the University of London was formally reconstituted with a new Royal charter, and a number of new institutions joined the federation. As part of this reorganisation each of the constituent institutions, including UCL, lost their legal independence, and henceforth all offered degrees awarded by the University of London. UCL sustained considerable bomb damage during the Second World WarSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery, including to the Great Hall and the Carey Foster Physics Laboratory. The first UCL student magazine, Pi Magazine, was published for the first time on 21 February 1946. The Institute of Jewish Studies relocated to UCL in 1959. The Mullard Space Science Laboratory was established in 1967. In 1973 UCL became the first international link to the ARPANET, the precursor of the internet, sending the world's first e-mail in the same yearSony VAIO PCG-8112M battery.

In 1976 a new charter restored UCL's legal independence, although not – at that time – the power to award its own degrees. It was also under this charter that the College became formally known as University College London (thus abandoning the comma after "College" which had been used since 1836). In 1986 UCL merged with the Institute of Archaeology. Sony VAIO PCG-7186M battery In 1988 UCL merged with the Institute of Laryngology & Otology, the Institute of Orthopaedics, the Institute of Urology & Nephrology and Middlesex Hospital Medical School.[30] In 1994 the University College London Hospitals NHS Trust was established. UCL merged with the College of Speech Sciences and the Institute of Ophthalmology in 1995, the Institute of Child Health and the School of Podiatry in 1996 and the Institute of Neurology in 1997. Sony VAIO PCG-7171M battery In 1998 UCL merged with the Royal Free Hospital Medical School to create the Royal Free and University College Medical School (renamed the UCL Medical School in October 2008). In 1999 UCL merged with the School of Slavonic and East European Studies and the Eastman Dental Institute.[30]

2001 to 2011

Jeremy Bentham's auto-icon is on public display in the cloisters of the UCL Main BuildingSony VAIO PCG-9Z1M battery.

The UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science, the first university department in the world devoted specifically to reducing crime, was founded in 2001.

Proposals were launched in 2002 to merge UCL with Imperial College London to create 'the world's number-one university'.[35] The proposal provoked strong opposition from UCL teaching staff and students and the AUT union, which criticised 'the indecent haste and lack of consultation', leading to its abandonment and the resignation of the UCL Provost Sir Derek RobertsSony VAIO PCG-5S1M battery.

The London Centre for Nanotechnology was established in 2003 as a joint venture between UCL and Imperial College London. In 2005 UCL was again granted its own taught and research degree awarding powers and all new UCL students registered from 2007/08 qualified with UCL degrees rather than University of London degreesSony VAIO PCG-5P1M battery. Also in 2005 a major new £422 million building was opened for University College Hospital on Euston Road,[39] and the UCL Ear Institute was established. Another major campus addition was the opening of the award-winning 16 Taviton Street building – purpose-built as the home for the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies. In 2007 the UCL Cancer Institute was opened in the newly constructed Paul O'Gorman BuildingSony VAIO PCG-5N2M battery. In August 2008 UCL formed UCL Partners, the largest academic health science centre in Europe, with Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.[40] In 2008 UCL established the UCL School of Energy & Resources in Adelaide, Australia, the first campus of a British university in the countrySony VAIO PCG-3C2M battery.

In 2009, the Yale UCL Collaborative was established between UCL, UCL Partners, Yale University, Yale School of Medicine and Yale – New Haven Hospital.[42] Yale's President Richard Levin noted that Yale has hundreds of other partnerships across the world, but "no existing collaboration matches the scale of the new partnership with UCL"Sony VAIO PCG-8161M battery.

As part of the protests against the UK Government's plans to increase student fees, around 200 students occupied the Jeremy Bentham Room and part of the Slade School of Fine Art for over two weeks during November and December 2010. The university successfully obtained a court order to evict the students but stated that it did not intend to enforce the order if possibleSony VAIO PCG-8141M battery.

2011 to present

In June 2011 the mining company BHP Billiton agreed to donate AUS$10 million to UCL to fund the establishment of two energy institutes - the Energy Policy Institute, based in Adelaide, and the Institute for Sustainable Resources, based in London.[46] In November 2011 UCL announced plans for a £500 million investment in its main Bloomsbury campus over 10 yearsSony VAIO PCG-3J1M battery, and the establishment of a new 23-acre campus next to the Olympic Park in Stratford in the East End of London.[47]

The School of Pharmacy, University of London merged with UCL on 1 January 2012, becoming the UCL School of Pharmacy within the Faculty of Life Sciences.[48][49] In May 2012 UCL, Imperial College London and the IT company Intel announced the establishment of the Intel Collaborative Research Institute for Sustainable Connected CitiesSony VAIO PCG-3H1M battery, a London-based institute for research into the future of cities.

In August 2012 the University waded into controversy as it advertised an unpaid research position [52]. After the university was branded exploitative and unethical by the University and College Union, the university was forced into withdrawing the advert.


A summertime view from the South-Western corner of the quadrangle towards the UCL main building on Gower StreetSony VAIO PCG-3F1M battery

UCL is primarily based in the Bloomsbury area of central London. The main campus is located around Gower Street and includes the biology, chemistry, economics, engineering, geography, history, languages, mathematics, philosophy, politics and physics departments, the preclinical facilities of the UCL Medical School, the London Centre for NanotechnologySony VAIO PCG-3C1M battery, the Slade School of Fine Art, the UCL Union, the main UCL Library, the UCL Science Library, the Bloomsbury Theatre and the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology. Close by in Bloomsbury are the UCL Cancer Institute, the UCL Ear Institute, the UCL Eastman Dental Institute, the UCL Faculty of the Built Environment (The Bartlett), the UCL Faculty of Laws, the UCL Institute of Archaeology, the UCL Institute of Child HealthSony VAIO PCG-9Z2L battery, the UCL Institute of Neurology, the UCL School of Pharmacy, the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies and University College Hospital.[53]

Elsewhere in central London are the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology (based in Clerkenwell), the Windeyer Institute (based in Fitzrovia), the UCL Institute of Orthopedics and Musculoskeletal Science (based in Stanmore), The Royal Free Hospital and the Whittington Hospital campuses of the UCL Medical School, and a number of other teaching hospitalsSony VAIO PCG-9Z1L battery. The Department of Space and Climate Physics (Mullard Space Science Laboratory) is based in Holmbury St Mary, Surrey, the UCL School of Energy and Resources is based in Adelaide, Australia and there is a UCL campus in Doha, Qatar specialised in archaeology, conservation and museum studies.[54] Since September 2010 UCL has been running a University Preparatory Certificate course at Nazarbayev University in Astana, KazakhstanSony VAIO PCG-9131L battery.

A number of important institutions are based near to the main campus, including the British Library, the British Medical Association, the British Museum, Cancer Research UK, the Medical Research Council, RADA, the Royal Academy of Art, the Royal Institution and the Wellcome Trust. Many University of London schools and institutes are also close bySony VAIO PCG-8161L battery, including Birkbeck, University of London, the Institute of Education, London Business School, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the Royal Veterinary College, the School of Advanced Study, the School of Oriental and African Studies and the Senate House Library. The nearest London Underground station is Euston Square, with Goodge Street, Russell Square and Warren Street all nearbySony VAIO PCG-8152L battery. The mainline railway stations at Euston, King's Cross and St Pancras are all within walking distance.

Notable buildings

Notable UCL buildings include:

the UCL Main Building, including the Octagon, Quad, Cloisters and the Wilkins building designed by William Wilkins;

the Cruciform Building, Gower Street (a red, cross-shaped building previously home to University College Hospital); and

the Rockefeller Building, University StreetSony VAIO PCG-8141L battery, home to the original University College Hospital Medical School and named after the American oil magnate John Davison Rockefeller after support from the Rockefeller foundation in the 1920s.


Main article: Filming at UCL

Due to its position within London and the historical nature of its buildings, including most notably the UCL Main Building and quad, UCL has been used as a location for a number of film and television productions, including Doctor in the House (1954), Gladiator (2000), The Mummy Returns (2001), The Dark Knight (2008) and Inception (2010).Sony VAIO PCG-8131L battery

Organisation and administration

Drayton House, which houses the UCL Department of Economics

Although UCL is a constituent college of the federal University of London, in most ways it is comparable with free-standing, self-governing and independently funded universities, and it awards its own degrees.[57]

The current Provost and President of UCL is Professor Malcolm Grant.[58]

Faculties and departments

See also: Category:Departments of University College London

The Kathleen Lonsdale Building, home to a number of UCL science departments

UCL’s research and teaching is organised within a network of faculties and academic departments. Faculties and academic departments are formally established by the UCL CouncilSony VAIO PCG-81312L battery, the governing body of UCL, on the advice of the Academic Board, which is UCL’s senior academic authority.

The UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies operates as an academic unit outside of the faculty structure.

In order to facilitate greater interdisciplinary interaction in research and teaching UCL has also established three strategic faculty groupings:

the UCL School of Life and Medical Sciences (comprising the Faculties of Brain Sciences, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences and Population Health Sciences) Sony VAIO PCG-81214L battery;

the UCL School of the Built Environment, Engineering and Mathematical and Physical Sciences (comprising the UCL Faculty of the Built Environment, UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences and UCL Faculty of Mathematical & Physical Sciences); and

the UCL Faculty of Arts & Humanities, UCL Faculty of Laws, UCL Faculty of Social & Historical Sciences and the UCL School of Slavonic & East European StudiesSony VAIO PCG-81115L battery.


In the financial year ended 31 July 2011, UCL had a total income (including share of joint ventures) of £801.6 million (2009/10 – £762.4 million) and total expenditure of £777.4 million (2009/10 – £732.4 million). Key sources of income included £283.4 million from research grants and contracts (2009/10 – £275.1 million), £203.3 million from Funding Council grants (2009/10 – £201.0 million) Sony VAIO PCG-81114L battery, £172.2 million from academic fees and support grants (2009/10 – £150.5 million) and £5.2 million from endowment and investment income (2009/10 – £5.0 million).[2] During the 2010/11 financial year UCL had a capital expenditure of £93 million (2009/10 – £37 million).[2]

At year end UCL had endowments of £72.7 million (2009/10 – £67.9 million) and total net assets of £706.7 million (2009/10 – £640.3 million). Sony VAIO PCG-81113L battery

In 2010/11 UCL and the School of Pharmacy (which merged in January 2012) had a combined income of £826.52 million, the third-highest of any British university (after the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford).[60]


From its foundation the College was deliberately secular; the initial justification of this secularity was that students of different denominations (specifically Catholics and Protestants) could study alongside each other without conflictSony VAIO PCG-7142L battery. Even today UCL retains its strict secular position, and unlike most other UK universities has no specific religious prayer rooms. However there has been a Christian chaplaincy since 2005, there is no restriction on religious groups among students, and a 'quiet contemplation room' allows prayer for staff and students of all faithsSony VAIO PCG-7141L battery.

Logo, arms and colours

Whereas most universities primarily use their logo on mundane documents but their coat of arms on official documents such as degree certificates, UCL exclusively uses its logo.[61] UCL does have a coat of arms however, which depicts a raised bent arm dressed in armour holding a green upturned open wreathSony VAIO PCG-71111L battery.

The blazon of these arms is:

Purpure, on a wreath of the colours Argent and Blue Celeste, an arm in armour embowed Argent holding an upturned wreath of laurel Vert, beneath which two branches of laurel Or crossed at the nombril and bound with a bowed cord Or, beneath the nombril a motto of Blue Celeste upon which Cuncti adsint meritaeque expectent praemia palmae. Sony VAIO PCG-61411L battery

UCL's traditional sporting and academic colours of purple and light blue are derived from the arms.


UCL has hundreds of research and teaching partnerships, including around 150 research links and 130 student-exchange partnerships with European universities.[6] Students from more than 150 countries study at UCL, with non-British students making up almost a third of the student bodySony VAIO PCG-61112L battery.

UCL has the highest number of professors of any university in the UK, with 648 established and personal chairs.[8] There are currently 36 Fellows of the Royal Society, 26 Fellows of the British Academy, 10 Fellows of the Royal Academy of Engineering and 78 Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences amongst UCL academic and research staff. attery.html">Sony VAIO PCG-61111L battery


16 Taviton Street, home to the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies

UCL has made cross-disciplinary research a priority and orientates its research around four "Grand Challenges".[66] According to Professor David Price, Pro-Provost for Research: "We believe we have a moral obligation to make a difference to global problems, and to combine the knowledge that our research generates to develop wisdom that can be applied in each of the four Grand ChallengesSony VAIO PCG-5T4L battery: Global Health, Sustainable Cities, Intercultural Interaction and Human Wellbeing".

According to a ranking of universities produced by SCImago Research Group, UCL is ranked 12th in the world (and 1st in Europe) in terms of total research output.[68] According to data released in July 2008 by ISI Web of Knowledge, UCL is the 13th most-cited university in the world (and most-cited in Europe) Sony VAIO PCG-5T3L battery. The analysis covered citations from 1 January 1998 to 30 April 2008, during which 46,166 UCL research papers attracted 803,566 citations. The report covered citations in 21 subject areas and the results revealed some of UCL's key strengths, including:

Clinical Medicine – 1st outside North America;

Immunology – 2nd in Europe;

Neuroscience & Behaviour – 1st outside North America and 2nd in the world;

Pharmacology & Toxicology – 1st outside North America and 4th in the world;

Psychiatry & Psychology – 2nd outside North America; and

Social Sciences, General – 1st outside North America. Sony VAIO PCG-5T2L battery

According to a separate analysis by ISI Web of Knowledge, for the period January 2000 to August 2010 UCL was ranked 16th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for citations per paper in engineering.[70]

In the Microsoft Academic Search, which measures total research output, UCL ranks highly in a diverse range of areas.[71] As of 2012 UCL ranks among the top five institutions in the world in Chromatography (5th), Geography (2nd), Linguistics (5th), Literature (2nd) Sony VAIO PCG-5S3L battery, Medical Education and Training (2nd), Neuroscience (2nd), Oncology (4th), Ophthalmology (4th) and Pathology (5th).[71] It ranks among the top 10 in the world in Archaeology (6th), Art History (8th), Dentistry (9th), Evolutionary Sciences (10th), Gynecology and Obstetrics (10th), Machine Learning and Recognition (10th), Pharmacology (9th), Plastic Arts (6th), Regional Studies (10th), Religion (6th) and Simulation (10th) Sony VAIO PCG-5S2L battery. UCL ranks 11th to 20th in the world in Anatomy (15th), Biochemistry (15th), Biomedical Engineering (20th), Biotechnology (16th), Cardiology (20th), Diabetes (11th), Diseases (11th), Endocrinology (17th), Family Medicine (20th), Genetics and Genealogy (14th), History (14th), Hydrology (13th), Immunology (12th), Labor and Demographics Economics (14th), Mineralogy and Petrology (15th), Molecular Biology (16th) Sony VAIO PCG-5S1L battery, Nutrition (12th), Physiology (12th), Psychiatry and Psychology (19th), Public Affairs (12th) and Statistics (16th).[71] UCL is ranked 10th overall in Arts and Humanities and 9th in Medicine.[71]

In 2010/11 UCL and the School of Pharmacy (which merged in January 2012) had a combined research income of £291.5 million (UCL - £283.38 million; School of Pharmacy - £8.13 million), the third-highest of any British universitySony VAIO PCG-5R2L battery (after the University of Oxford and Imperial College London).[60] In the Times Higher Education ranking of research council awards 2008-9 UCL is shown to have won the most research awards with 174 awards amounting to £81,365,000. In second place Cambridge won 162 awards amounting to £74,263,000Sony VAIO PCG-5R1L battery.

There are currently approximately 3,000 PhD students working at UCL.


The Cruciform Building on Gower Street, which houses the preclinical facilities of the UCL Medical School; previously the main building of University College Hospital

UCL has offered courses in medicine since 1834 but the current UCL Medical School developed from mergers with the medical schools of the Middlesex Hospital (founded in 1746) and the Royal Free Hospital (founded as the London School of Medicine for Women in 1874). Sony VAIO PCG-5P4L battery Clinical medicine is primarily taught at the Royal Free Hospital, University College Hospital and the Whittington Hospital, with other associated teaching hospitals including the Eastman Dental Hospital, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Moorfields Eye Hospital, the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery and the Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear HospitalSony VAIO PCG-5P2L battery.

UCL is a major centre for biomedical research. It is a member of three of the 11 biomedical research centres established by the NHS in England – the UCLH/UCL Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre, the Moorfields Eye Hospital/UCL Institute of Ophthalmology Biomedical Research Centre and the Great Ormond Street Hospital/UCL Institute of Child Health Biomedical Research Centre. Sony VAIO PCG-5N4L batteryIt is also a founding member of UCL Partners, the largest academic health science centre in Europe with a turnover of approximately £2 billion.[12] UCL has joined with the Medical Research Council, Cancer Research UK and the Wellcome Trust to establish the Francis Crick Institute, a new £600 million medical research centre to be based next to St Pancras railway station and planned to open in 2015. Sony VAIO PCG-5N2L batteryIt will be one of the world’s largest medical research centres, housing 1,250 scientists.


Admission to UCL is highly selective. For undergraduate entry many of UCL's courses require three A grades at A Level, or a grade equivalent of 6,6,6 on higher level subjects on the International Baccalaureate Program. Due to a very high proportion of applicants receiving the highest school gradesSony VAIO PCG-51513L battery, UCL, along with institutions such as Imperial College London and the University of Cambridge was one of the first universities in the UK to make use of the A* grade at A-Level (introduced in 2010) for admissions, particularly for very oversubscribed courses such as Economics, Mathematics,Theoretical Physics, Medicine, History, Psychology, and European Social and Political StudiesSony VAIO PCG-51511L battery.

Undergraduate law applicants are required to take the National Admissions Test for Law[78] and undergraduate medical applicants are required to take the BioMedical Admissions Test.[79] Some UCL departments interview undergraduate applicants prior to making an offer of admission.[80]

[edit]Foundation programmesSony VAIO PCG-51412L battery

UCL runs intensive one-year foundation courses that lead to a variety of degree programmes at UCL and other top UK universities. Called the UCL University Preparatory Certificate (UPC), the courses are targeted at international students of high academic potential whose education systems in their own countries usually do not offer qualifications suitable for direct admissionSony VAIO PCG-51411L battery.

There are two pathways. One in science and engineering called the UPCSE; and one in the humanities called UPCH.


The main reading room of UCL's Main Library

The UCL library system comprises 16 libraries located across several sites within the main UCL campus and across Bloomsbury, linked together by a central networking catalogue and request system called eUCLid.[82][83] The libraries contain a total of over 1.5 million books. Sony VAIO PCG-51312L battery The largest library is the UCL Main Library, which is located in the UCL Main Building and contains collections relating to the arts and humanities, economics, history, law and public policy.[82] The second largest library is the UCL Science Library, which is located in the DMS Watson Building on Malet Place and contains collections relating to anthropology, engineering, geographySony VAIO PCG-51311L battery, life sciences, management and the mathematical and physical sciences.[82] Other libraries include the UCL Bartlett Library (architecture and town planning), the Cruciform Library (general clinical and medical sciences), the UCL Eastman Dental Institute Library (oral health sciences), the UCL Institute of Archaeology Library (archaeology and egyptology), the UCL Institute of Neurology Rockefeller Medical Library (neurosurgery and neuroscience) Sony VAIO PCG-51211L battery, the Joint Moorfields Eye Hospital & the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology Library (biomedicine, medicine, nursing, ophthalmology and visual science), the UCL Language & Speech Science Library (audiology, communication disorders, linguistics & phonetics, special education, speech & language therapy and voice) and the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies Library Sony VAIO PCG-41112L battery (the economics, geography, history, languages, literature and politics of Eastern Europe).[82]

UCL staff and students have full access to the main libraries of the University of London—the Senate House Library and the libraries of the Institutes of the School of Advanced Study—which are located close to the main UCL campus in Bloomsbury.[85] These libraries contain over 3.7 million books and focus on the arts, humanities and social sciences.Sony VAIO PCG-3A4L battery The British Library, which contains around 14 million books, is also located close to the main UCL campus.

Since 2004 UCL Library Services has been collecting the scholarly work of UCL researchers to make it freely available on the internet via an open access repository known as UCL Eprints. The intention is that material curated by UCL Eprints will remain accessible indefinitely. Sony VAIO PCG-3A3L battery

[edit]Museums and collections

UCL's Special Collections contains UCL's collection of historical or culturally significant works. It is one of the foremost university collections of manuscripts, archives and rare books in the UK.[88] It includes collections of medieval manuscripts and early printed books, as well as significant holdings of 18th-century works, and highly important 19th- and 20th-century collections of personal papersSony VAIO PCG-3A2L battery, archival material, and literature, covering a vast range of subject areas. Archives include the Latin American archives, the Jewish collections and the George Orwell Archive.[89] Collections are often displayed in a series of glass cabinets in the Cloisters of the UCL Main Building.

The most significant works are housed in the Strong Rooms. The special collection includes first editions of Isaac Newton's Principia, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species and James Joyce's Ulysses Sony VAIO PCG-3A1L battery. The earliest book in the collection is The crafte to lyve well and to dye well, printed in 1505.

The Flaxman Gallery

UCL is responsible for several museums[92] and collections in a wide range of fields across the arts and sciences:

Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology: one of the leading collections of Egyptian and Sudanese archaeology in the world. Open to the public on a regular basis.[93]

Grant Museum of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy: a diverse Natural History collection covering the whole of the animal kingdomSony VAIO PCG-394L battery. Includes rare dodo and quagga skeletons. A teaching and research collection, it is named after Robert Edmund Grant, UCL's first professor of comparative anatomy and zoology from 1828, now mainly noted for having tutored the undergraduate Charles Robert Darwin at the University of Edinburgh in the 1826–1827 session. Open at limited fixed times and by appointment. Sony VAIO PCG-393L battery

Geology Collections: founded around 1855. Primarily a teaching resource and may be visited by appointment.

Art Collections: these date from 1847 when a collection of sculpture models and drawings of the Neo-classical artist John Flaxman was presented to UCL. There are over 10,000 pieces dating from the 15th century onwards including drawings by Turner, etchings by RembrandtSony VAIO PCG-391L battery, and works by many leading 20th century British artists. The works on paper are displayed in the Strang Print Room, which has limited regular opening times. The other works may be viewed by appointment.[96]

Institute of Archaeology Collections: Items include prehistoric ceramics and stone artefacts from many parts of the world, the Petrie collection of Palestinian artefacts, and Classical Greek and Roman ceramics. Visits by appointment only. Sony VAIO PCG-384L battery

Ethnography Collections: This collection exemplifying Material Culture, holds an enormous variety of objects, textiles and artefacts from all over the world. Visits by appointment only.[98]

Galton Collection: The scientific instruments, papers and personal memorabilia of Sir Francis Galton. Housed in the department of biology. Visits by appointment only. Sony VAIO PCG-383L battery

Science Collections: Diverse collections primarily accumulated in the course of UCL's own work, including the operating table on which the first anaesthetic was administered. Items may be a viewed by appointment.

The Flaxman Gallery: a series of plaster casts of full-size details of sculptures by the Neo-classical sculptor John Flaxman, is located inside the Main Library under the central dome of the UCL Main BuildingSony VAIO PCG-382L battery.


In the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities, UCL is ranked 20th in the world (and 3rd in Europe). In the subject tables it is ranked 10th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) for Clinical Medicine & Pharmacy,[109] 17th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for Life & Agricultural Sciences,[110] 51st to 75th in the world for Natural Sciences and Mathematics[111] and 52nd to 75th in the world for Social SciencesSony VAIO PCG-381L battery.

In the 2011 QS World University Rankings, UCL is ranked 7th in the world (and 4th in Europe).[10] In the subject tables it is ranked 20th in the world (and 5th in Europe) for Arts and Humanities, 47th in the world (and 12th in Europe) for Engineering & Technology,[114] 17th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for Life Sciences and Medicine,[115] 39th in the world (and 11th in Europe) Sony VAIO PCG-7185L battery for Natural Sciences[116] and 27th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for Social Sciences & Management.

In the 2011-2012 Times Higher Education World University Rankings, UCL is ranked 17th in the world (and 5th in Europe). In the subject tables it is ranked 8th in the world (and 3rd in Europe) for Arts and Humanities,[118] 7th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for Clinical, Pre-Clinical and Health, 27th in the world (and 8th in Europe) for Engineering and TechnologySony VAIO PCG-7184L battery, 11th in the world (and 4th in Europe) for Life Sciences,[121] 38th in the world (and 11th in Europe) for Physical Sciences[122] and 8th in the world (and 2nd in Europe) for Social Sciences. In the 2012 Times Higher Education World Reputation Rankings, UCL is ranked 21st in the world (and 4th in Europe).

UCL is consistently one of the top multi-faculty universities in UK university rankings. UCL is ranked first in the UK for its staff/student ratio in The Times Good University GuideSony VAIO PCG-7183L battery, The Sunday Times University Guide and The Guardian University Guide.[6] In the 2013 Guardian University Guide subject tables, UCL is ranked first in six subject areas (out of a total of 46): Archaeology and Forensics, Architecture, Art and Design, Civil Engineering, English, and Psychology.[125] In the 2013 Complete University Guide subject tables, UCL is ranked in the top 10 in 28 subjects, and is ranked first for Building. Sony VAIO PCG-7182L battery

UCL is ranked 20th in the world in the 2011 300 Best World Universities human competitiveness ranking produced by Human Resources & Labor Review.[127] In a ranking of universities' international reputations produced by The Guardian in 2009, UCL placed 3rd in the UK (behind Oxford and Cambridge). In 2011, UCL was ranked 12th in the world (and 3rd in the Europe) in a survey of business leaders at top companies carried out by The New York Times.Sony VAIO PCG-7181L battery

Student life

UCL Union

Main article: University College London Union

The main UCL Union building situated on Gordon Street

Founded in 1893, the UCL Union has a credible claim to be the oldest students' union in England.[28] UCL Union operates both as the representative voice for UCL students, and as a provider of a wide range of services. It is democratically controlled through General Meetings and referendums, and is run by elected student officers. The Union has provided a prominent platform for political campaigning of all kinds in recent yearsSony VAIO PCG-7174L battery. It also supports a range of services, including numerous clubs and societies, sports facilities, an advice service, and a number of bars, cafes and shops.[130]

There are currently over 150 clubs and societies under the umbrella of the UCL Union, including:

University College London Boat Club (both Men's and Women's clubs);

Pi Media (responsible for Pi Magazine and Pi Newspaper, UCL's official student publications);

UCL Union Conservative Society, the oldest student Conservative association in EnglandSony VAIO PCG-7173L battery;

UCL Cross Country and Athletics Club;

UCL Union Debating Society, UCL's oldest and the third oldest student society in the UK;

University College London Dramatic Society;

UCL Rugby Club (both Men's and Women's as well as Medical School clubs);

The Cheese Grater (a student magazine containing a mix of news investigations and humorous items); and UCL Union Jewish Society.

Notable UCL Union-supported campaigns have included:

UCLU Free Education Campaign (a campaign for the return of free and non-marketised higher education) Sony VAIO PCG-7172L battery;

The London Living wage Campaign (a campaign for a basic minimum wage for all UCL staff);

Disarm UCL (a campaign which successfully persuaded UCL to not invest in defence companies);

Save UCL (this name has been used by two campaigns: one in 2006 which opposed a merger between UCL and Imperial College London in 2006, and a more recent one against education cuts) Sony VAIO PCG-7171L battery.

Student housing

Main article: Halls of residence at University College London

All single first-year undergraduate students entering UCL for the first time and requiring accommodation are generally guaranteed a place. Graduate students may apply for accommodation but places are limited. The majority of second and third-year undergraduate students and graduate students find their own accommodation in the private sectorSony VAIO PCG-7162L battery.

Ramsay Hall, Maple Street (student housing)

UCL's student housing includes:

Arthur Tattersall House (115–131 Gower Street);

Astor College (99 Charlotte Street);

Campbell House East and West (Taviton Street);

Frances Gardner House and Langton Close (Gray's Inn Road);

Goldsmid House (Gillingham Street);

Ifor Evans & Max Rayne Student Residences (109 Camden Road);

James Lighthill House (Pentonville Road);

John Dodgson House (Bidborough Street);

John Tovell House (89 & 93–7 Gower Street);

Prankerd House (195 North Gower Street) Sony VAIO PCG-7161L battery;

Ramsay Hall and Ian Baker House Student Residences (Maple Street); and

Schafer House Student Residence (Drummond Street).

There is limited UCL accommodation available for married students and those with children at Bernard Johnson House, Hawkridge, Neil Sharp House and the University of London's Lilian Penson Hall.

UCL students are eligible to apply for places in the University of London intercollegiate halls of residence.[134] The halls areSony VAIO PCG-7154L battery:

Canterbury Hall, Commonwealth Hall, College Hall, Connaught Hall, Hughes Parry Hall and International Hall near Russell Square in Bloomsbury;

Lillian Penson Hall (postgraduates only) in Paddington; and

Nutford House in Marble Arch.

Some students are also selected to live in International Students House, London.

[edit]Rivalry with King's College London

Main article: Student Rags

UCL has a long-running, mostly friendly, rivalry with King's College London (King's), which has historically been known as "Rags".Sony VAIO PCG-7153L battery UCL is often referred to by students from King's as the "Godless Scum of Gower Street", in reference to a comment made at the founding of King's, which was based on Christian principles. UCL students refer to King's as "Strand Polytechnic" in a similar attitude.

The King's' mascot, Reggie the Lion, went missing in the 1990s and was recovered after being found dumped in a field. It was restored at the cost of around £15,000 and then placed on display in the students' union. Sony VAIO PCG-7152L battery It is in a glass case and filled with concrete to prevent theft, particularly by UCL students who once castrated it. In turn, King's' students are also believed to have once stolen Phineas, a UCL mascot.[137] It is often claimed that King's' students played football with the embalmed head of Jeremy Bentham. Although the head was indeed stolen, the football story is a myth or legend which is unsupported by official UCL documentation about Bentham available next to his display caseSony VAIO PCG-7151L battery (his Auto Icon) in the UCL cloisters. The head is now kept in the UCL vaults.[138]

Notable people

Main article: List of University College London people

See also: List of Nobel laureates affiliated with University College London and List of University College London people in the Law

26 Nobel prizes have been awarded to UCL academics and students (fourteen of which were in Physiology & Medicine) as well as three Fields Medals. Sony VAIO PCG-7148L battery

Notable alumni

Alexander Graham Bell, whose inventions included the first practical telephone.

Co-discoverer of DNA structure, Francis Crick, attended University College

UCL alumni include the "Father of the Nation" of both India and Kenya, the inventor of the telephone, one of the co-discoverers of the structure of DNA, and all of the members of the band ColdplaySony VPCW21M2E/WI battery.

Artists include Sir William Coldstream (realist painter), Antony Gormley (sculptor), Augustus John (painter, draughtsman and etcher), Gerry Judah (artist and designer), Ben Nicholson (abstract painter) and Sir Eduardo Paolozzi (sculptor and artist).

Authors include Edith Clara Batho, Raymond Briggs, Robert Browning, G. K. Chesterton,[141] David Crystal, Stella Gibbons, Clive Sansom, Marie Stopes,[141] Helen MacInnes, and Rabindranath TagoreSony VPCW21C7E battery.

Business people include Lord Digby Jones (Director-General of the Confederation of British Industry (2001–2006)) and Edwin Waterhouse (a founding partner of what is now the professional services firm PwC).

Engineers and scientists include Alexander Graham Bell (inventor of the telephone),[141] Colin Chapman (founder of Lotus Cars), Francis Crick (co-discoverer of the structure of DNA), John Ambrose Fleming (inventor of the vacuum tube) Sony VPCW12S1E/WZ battery, Jaroslav Heyrovský (father of the electroanalytical method), Sir Charles Kuen Kao (winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics) and Joseph Lister (pioneer of antiseptic surgery).

Entertainers, musicians, composers and filmmakers include Ricky Gervais (comedian and actor),[141] Gustav Holst (composer), Chris Martin and all three other members of the band Coldplay, Christopher Nolan (director of films including The Dark Knight saga), Franny Armstrong (director) Sony VPCW12S1E/W battery, Tim Rice-Oxley and Richard Hughes of the band Keane and Jonathan Ross (television presenter).

Journalists and commentators include A. A. Gill (columnist), three former editors of The Economist, most notably Walter Bagehot, two editors of The Times Literary Supplement, and Jonathan Dimbleby (television and radio current affairs presenter). Former ITN Home Affairs Correspondent Sarah Cullen also attended UCLSony VPCW12S1E/T battery.

Lawyers include a Lord Chancellor (Lord Herschell); Chief Justices of England (Lord Woolf), Hong Kong (Sir Yang Ti-liang), India (A. S. Anand), Malaysia (Arifin Zakaria), Ghana (Samuel Azu Crabbe) and the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (Rt. Hon. Sir Vincent Floissac); two Masters of the Rolls (Lord Cozens-Hardy and Sir George Jessel); and Attorneys-General of England (Lord Goldsmith and Baroness Scotland) Sony VPCW12S1E/P battery, Singapore (Tan Boon Teik and Chao Hick Tin) and Gambia (Hassan Bubacar Jallow).

Politicians include Mahatma Gandhi (leader of the Indian independence movement and "Father of the Nation"),[141] Jomo Kenyatta (first Prime Minister, first President and "Father of the Nation" of Kenya), Chaim Herzog (President of Israel), Itō Hirobumi (first Prime Minister of Japan), Junichiro Koizumi (Prime Minister of Japan), Wu Tingfang (Acting Premier during the early years of the Republic of China) Sony VPCW11S1E/W battery and Sir Stafford Cripps (British Chancellor of the Exchequer 1947–1950).

Sports people include David Gower (former captain of the England cricket team), Patrick Head (co-founder of the Williams Formula One team) and Christine Ohuruogu (Olympic 400 metres gold medalist).

Notable faculty and staff

Notable former UCL faculty and staff include Jocelyn Bell Burnell (co-discoverer of radio pulsars), A. S. Byatt (writer), Ronald Dworkin (philosopher of law and scholar of constitutional law), Sony VPCW11S1E/T battery Sir A.J. Ayer (philosopher), Lucian Freud (painter), Francis Galton (founder of psychometrics and father of fingerprinting), Peter Higgs[142] (the proposer of the Higgs mechanism, which predicted the existence of the Higgs boson), Andrew Huxley (physiologist and biophysicist), Sir Frank Kermode (literary critic), Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (first President of Czechoslovakia and "Father of the Nation"), John Stuart Mill (philosopher) and George R. Price (population geneticist)Sony VPCW11S1E/P battery.

All five of the naturally occurring noble gases were discovered at UCL by Sir William Ramsay, who was a professor of chemistry and after whom Ramsay Hall is named.

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