Emory University And Uppsala University

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Emory University is a private research university in metropolitan Atlanta, located in the Druid Hills section of unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia, United States. The university was founded as Emory College in 1836 in Oxford, Georgia by a small group of Methodists and was named in honor of Methodist bishop John EmorySony PCG-71313M battery. A land-grant by Asa Candler, the president of The Coca-Cola Company, allowed the small college to move to metropolitan Atlanta in 1915 and become rechartered as Emory University. The university's mission statement is "to create, preserve, teach, and apply knowledge in the service of humanity." Sony PCG-71212M battery

Emory is ranked 20th among national universities in the U.S. News & World Report.[6] The university has nearly 3,000 faculty members; awards and honors recognizing Emory faculty include the Nobel Prize, the Pulitzer Prize, National Humanities Medal, Guggenheim Fellowship, Fulbright Fellowship, and membership in the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. Sony PCG-71311M battery

The university has nine academic divisions: Emory College of Arts and Sciences, Oxford College, Goizueta Business School, Laney Graduate School, School of Law, School of Medicine, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Rollins School of Public Health, and the Candler School of Theology. Sony PCG-71213M battery

The university has more than two million square feet of building space certified by the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program and has a commitment to having three-quarters of the food they serve on campus come from local or sustainable sources by 2015.[9] The University holds the distinction of having one of the largest inventories by square footage of LEED-certified building space among campuses in AmericaSony PCG-61211M battery.

History

Main article: History of Emory University

Glenn Memorial United Methodist Church near the main entrance of Emory University

In 1836, a small group of Methodists from Newton County contemplated the establishment of a new town and college. The town was named Oxford after the school's prestigious British namesake,[10] which graduated the two founders of Methodism, John and Charles Wesley.[11] The college was named after John Emory, an American Methodist bishop who inspired them. Sony VAIO VPCF24Q1E battery

Events preceding the chartering of Emory College began in 1783, when the Georgia State legislature provided for the founding of "a college or seminary of learning." However, general support of education in Georgia was meager until the 1830s, when an educational fad in Germany inspired Georgia Methodists to create a school for manual labor. Sony VAIO VPCF13M1E/H battery At the Georgia Methodist Conference in 1834, a preacher known as "Uncle Allen" Turner suggested that Georgia Methodists should develop their own school rather than support Randolph-Macon in Virginia.[12] As a result, the Manual Labor School was created in Covington, Georgia in 1835Sony VAIO VPCF12Z1E/BI battery.

On December 10, 1836, the Georgia General Assembly granted the Georgia Methodist Conference a charter to Emory College, named for John Emory, a popular bishop who had presided at the 1834 conference but had died in a carriage accident in 1835.[11] Two years after the chartering, the college opened its doors, and on September 17, 1838, the college's first presidentSony VAIO VPCF12S1E/B battery, Ignatius Alphonso Few, and three faculty members welcomed fifteen freshmen and sophomores.[12]

Class of 1908

Emory College imposed a strict environment during most of the 19th century. By signing their names into the Matriculation Book, students were bound to obey the "Laws and Statutes of the College," which bound students to their rooms during study hours, and forbade them from leaving the town limits without the president's consent and engaging in immoral activities. Sony VAIO VPCF13Z8E/BI battery Until the presidency of Warren Candler in the 1890s, Emory prohibited intercollegiate sports. He thought the practice "evil, only evil, and that continually," his principal objection being the cost of intercollegiate athletic programs, the temptation of gambling, and the distraction from academics.[11] However, he was not unalterably opposed to athletics, and during his presidency he raised funds for the first gymnasium at Emory and oversaw the creation of the nation's first model intramural programSony VAIO VPCF13Z8E battery.

Emory College was closed briefly during the Civil War. In the autumn of 1861, every student left to fight, and the college's trustees closed for the duration. During the war, the college's buildings saw duty both as a Confederate hospital and Union headquarters.[11] When Emory reopened in January 1866, the school's library was destroyed and its small endowment was depleted.[12] Only with the aid of a state grant could students afford to resume their educationSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery.

In the years following the Civil War, Emory, along with the rest of the South, struggled to overcome financial devastation.[10] The first step toward financial stability came in 1880, when Emory President Atticus G. Haygood preached a Thanksgiving Day sermon expressing gratitude for the end of slavery, which captured the attention of George I. SeneySony VAIO VPCF1318E/H battery, a Brooklyn banker and Methodist. Seney gave Emory College $5,000 to repay its debts, $50,000 for construction, and $75,000 to establish a new endowment.[12] Over the years, Seney invested more than a quarter-million dollars into Emory College, helping to erect the administration building in Oxford that bears his name.

Under President Haygood's direction, Emory College began to offer many technical and professional subjects in addition to courses required for degrees. Sony VAIO VPCF13J0E/H battery By the turn of the 21st century, Emory had evolved its traditional liberal arts program into a broad curriculum encouraging students to pursue degrees in science, study in theology and law, and even learning and expertise in technology and tool craft. The technology department was launched by President Isaac Stiles Hopkins, a polymath professor at Emory CollegeSony VAIO VPCF13E8E battery, who was later convinced by state legislators to become the first president of what is now the Georgia Institute of Technology.[11]

The course of Emory's history changed dramatically when, in November 1979, Robert and George Woodruff presented the institution with a gift of $105 million in Coca-Cola stock. At the time this was the largest single gift to any institution of higher education in American historySony VAIO VPCF13E4E battery, and it made a profound impact on Emory's direction in the next two decades, boosting the university to the top ranks of American research universities.[11]

Emory celebrated its 175th anniversary in 2011.[14]

Alma Mater

Emory's alma mater was written by J. Marvin Rast in 1918, and is still performed by the school's a capella No Strings Attached at commencements, graduations, and other special school events. Every day at noon, the Cox Hall clock tower chimes out the melody to the alma materSony VAIO VPCF12M1E/H battery.

Emory is home to 7,441 undergraduates and 6,452 graduate and professional students (fall 2011).

Colleges and schools

Emory College of Arts and Sciences (1836)

Emory College of Arts and Sciences, established in 1836, offers some five dozen majors.[16] Undergraduates must complete general education requirements that are designed to expose all students to a variety of topics, including physical and social sciences, the humanities, and foreign languages.[17] About two in five students study abroad. Sony VAIO VPCF12F4E/H battery

Emory students have been recognized with academic honors such as the Fulbright, Marshall, Mellon, National Science Foundation, Rhodes, Rockefeller and Rotary programs.[19] The campus houses a chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, the oldest and most prestigious national academic honor societySony VAIO VPCF12E1E/H battery.

The five-year dual-degree program in engineering, offered in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technology, allows Emory students to enroll in engineering classes at Georgia Tech. Students typically graduate with a degree from Emory College or the Goizueta Business School and an engineering degree from Georgia TechSony VAIO VPCF11Z1E/BI battery.

For the undergraduate class of 2015, Emory received 17,027 applications.[22] The incoming freshman class earned an average SAT score of 1,369.

Oxford College (1836 / 1919)

Prospective undergraduates may apply to the Emory College of Arts and Sciences or to Emory's Oxford College, which is located about 40 miles (64 km) from the university's main campus and is the site of Emory’s founding. Oxford, with about 900 studentsSony VAIO VPCF24M1E battery, offers the opportunity to experience a smaller campus community. Typically, students graduate from Oxford after four semesters and continue to the Druid Hills campus, where they may become juniors in Emory College or apply for admission to the Goizueta School of Business or the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing. Sony VAIO VPCF23S1E battery

For the Oxford class of 2013 (which will go on to receive Emory undergraduate degrees in 2015), 44% of the 4,694 applicants were accepted. The incoming freshman class earned an average GPA of 3.5 in high school.

Goizueta Business School (1919)

Emory's Business School, named Goizueta Business School in the 1990s, offers an undergraduate Bachelor of Business Administration program, several Master of Business Administration programs, and the option of pursuing a PhDSony VAIO VPCF231S1E battery. Rising undergraduate juniors may apply for admission to Goizueta.

Students apply to Goizueta Business school for the junior year of college. There were 317 students admitted to Goizueta Business School’s class of 2011. Its average SAT score was 1371 and its average college GPA is a 3.58Sony VAIO VPCF23Q1E battery.

The two-year full-time MBA program’s class of 2012 is made up of 134 students with an average GMAT score of 680 and an average undergraduate GPA of 3.3. The one-year full-time MBA program's class of 2012 has 39 students with an average GMAT score of 642 and an average undergraduate GPA of 3.4Sony VAIO VPCF23M1E battery.

Laney Graduate School (1919)

The Laney Graduate School is home to advanced degree programs in more than four dozen specialties, a number of these offered in partnership with the university's other schools.

As of November 2010, 1,917 students were enrolled, 86.7% of which were pursuing a PhD; for the fall 2010 entering class, 14.18% of the 4,796 applicants to a Graduate School PhD program were acceptedSony VAIO VPCF22S8E battery.

School of Law (1916)

Students in the Emory University School of Law may earn a Doctor of Law degree (JD), a Doctor of Juridical Science (SJD) or one of several dual degrees.

In the 2011-12 school year, 811 students were enrolled in the School of Law. Of the 3,951 applicants for the Class of 2014, 246 enrolled. The median GPA was 3.7 and the median LSAT score was a 165Sony VAIO VPCF22S1E battery.

School of Medicine (1854)

The Emory University School of Medicine curriculum was developed for the James B. Williams Medical Education Building that opened in 2007. In addition to the MD degree, the school offers several joint degree and allied health programs.

The School of Medicine received approximately 6,000 applications each year and accepts an average of 132 students. For currently enrolled students, the average GPA is 3.7 and the average MCAT score is 34Sony VAIO VPCF22M1E battery.

Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing (1905)

The Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing offers the BSN, a range of MSN degrees and a PhD program. One of these is an Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Master of Science of Nursing program. Rising undergraduate juniors may apply for admission to the nursing school.

The School of Nursing currently has 378 students—218 undergraduates, 160 graduate studentsSony VAIO VPCF22L1E battery, and 10 in the doctoral program. For class starting in the fall of 2010, 256 of the 593 applicants were admitted to the undergraduate program and 144 of the 198 applicants were admitted to the masters program. The average GPA for admitted students in the bachelors program is 3.45 and 3.3 for the masters programSony VAIO VPCF22J1E battery.

Rollins School of Public Health (1990)

Students in the Rollins School of Public Health may earn a Master of Public Health, a Master of Science in Public Health or a PhD. The school also offers several dual degree programs as well as distance learning opportunities.

The incoming class of the Rollins School of Public Health has 441 students with an average undergraduate GPA of 3.4 and an average graduate GPA of 3.5Sony VAIO VPCF11S1E/B battery.

Candler School of Theology (1914)

The Candler School of Theology, a United Methodist Church seminary, offers four degrees: Master of Divinity, Master of Theological Studies, Master of Theology, and Doctor of Theology in Pastoral Counseling. Students may also pursue one of several joint degrees.

The School of Theology class of 2010 was composed of 171 studentsSony VAIO VPCF11M1E/H battery.

Rankings

In its 2012 rankings of the best colleges and universities in the United States, U.S. News and World Report placed Emory at #20 in the national university rankings,[52] and has ranked Emory as high as #9 in the past.[53] The school is included on The Princeton Review’s list of the 371 best colleges in the United States and was named one of the publication’s best schools in the Southeast. Sony VAIO VPCF11D4E battery The 2011-12 Times Higher Education World University Rankings place Emory No. 75 in the world.[55] In 2011, USA Today ranked Emory #1 on its list of "The 10 best American colleges for writers".[56] According to Bloomberg Businessweek's 2011 BBA rankings, Emory's Goizueta Business School is ranked at #3, receiving its highest ranking ever on this list. Sony VAIO VPCF11C5E battery

Many of the graduate schools of Emory University are ranked as some of the best and most competitive in their fields by U.S. News and World Report. For the 2012 list, Rollins School of Public Health was ranked at #6; the Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing was ranked at #21; the Goizueta Business School was ranked #23; the School of Law was ranked #24Sony VAIO VPCF11C4E/B battery; the School of Medicine was ranked #21 for research and #33 for primary care; the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering (with Georgia Tech) program was ranked #2.

[edit]Community education

Emory Continuing Education offers certificate programs, computer training, professional development, personal enrichment, and corporate and senior education opportunities for those in the pursuit of lifelong learning, including certification programs, computer training and professional development. Sony VAIO PCG-31114M battery

The Emory Pre-College Program offers summer programs for rising high school juniors and seniors. College-bound students may take two-week non-credit courses and six-week credit courses.[60]

Emory requires its students to live on campus for the first two years of undergraduate life, with defined options for freshmen and sophomores. Juniors and seniors may elect to live off-campus or continue in campus housingSony VAIO PCG-31113M battery.

Fraternities have existed on Emory's campus as early as 1840. One early chronicler makes the case that Emory's "temple" of the Mystic Seven may have been the first chapter of a national fraternity established anywhere in the South. Today, the Greek-letter sororities and fraternities play an important part in leavening Emory's campus life. For undergraduatesSony VAIO PCG-31112M battery, Greek life comprises approximately 30% of the Emory student population. The Office of Greek Life recognizes and regulates on-campus chapters of fraternities and sororities.[62] Fraternities have on-campus housing located on Eagle Row, and Sorority Village, a series of townhouses, faces the fraternity houses.[63] Greek Life is an important social engagement for studentsSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery, but it is not totally exclusive—students from different sororities and fraternities regularly socialize, and the college's emphasis on on-campus housing helps students make friends inside and outside the Greek system.

Lord Dooley, the unofficial mascot of Emory University

Lord Dooley, the "Lord of Misrule" and the "Spirit of Emory," has served as the University's unofficial mascot since 1909. Sony VAIO PCG-41112M battery Dooley is a skeleton who dresses exclusively in black. The original Lord Dooley was an actual skeleton from a biology/anatomy classroom. Throughout the years, Lord Dooley has been awarded several academic degrees by the University, including an MM, MPH, JD, BS, BA, PhD, MBA, and MDiv. He is currently conducting research in higher education and the afterlife. Sony VAIO PCG-41111M battery

Each year in the spring, during "Dooley's Week," Lord Dooley roams Emory's campus, flanked by bodyguards dressed in all black ("Dooley's guards"), and lets students out of class with unscheduled appearances in classrooms. Before he dismisses a class, however, Dooley offers the class's professor an opportunity to retain his students by correctly answering a question about his own rich historySONY VAIO PCG-21212M battery. A spokesperson amongst the bodyguards walks with him to deliver his messages, as Lord Dooley himself never speaks. He adopts the first name and middle initial of the University's current president; Dooley's current full name is Lord James W. Dooley, after James W. Wagner. Dooley's Week culminates with "Dooley's Ball," a grand celebration that takes place in the center of campus on McDonough FieldSONY VAIO PCG-21211M battery. For his noble actions during Dooley's week, Lord Dooley is awarded the title of "Employee of the Semester" each spring.

A sporting match called "Dooley's Cup" is played between the university administration and the student government association each spring.[citation needed]

After every official appearance, Lord Dooley leads students in reciting his famous motto:

Presidents may come, and presidents may go

Professors may come, and professors may go

Students may come, and students may goSONY VAIO PCG-51212M battery

But Dooley lives forever!

Community service

The university received the 2008 Presidential Award for General Community Service, which is the highest federal recognition given to higher education institutions for their commitment to community service, service-learning and civic engagement.[67]

About 25% of Emory students participate in Volunteer Emory, Emory's umbrella community service group. As one of the most popular groups on campusSONY VAIO PCG-51211M battery, Volunteer Emory offers dozens of ways to serve the community, working with varied organizations including the Atlanta Community Food Bank, Trees Atlanta, PAWS Atlanta, and Jones Boys and Girls Club.

Emory Cares International Service Day brings together students, alumni and other community members to volunteer at a number of projects organized by Emory and its many partners around the city of Atlanta and in cities worldwideSONY VAIO PCG-51112M battery.

Student organizations

Hundreds of student clubs and organizations operate on Emory's campus. These include numerous student government, special interest, and service organizations.

Emory operates one of the country's only Student Hardship Funds created by students to grant one-time relief to their peers. In the Spring of 2012, the Stahl Family Foundation contributed $50,000 to the Fund. SONY VAIO PCG-51111M batteryOverall, the fundraising efforts have totaled $70,000. It is unassociated with the Student Government Association; however it has received ad hoc contributions from the governing body. The Student Hardship Fund was founded by Stephen Ratner and Jordan Stein, two members of the Class of 2012, in the Fall of 2011 with initial financing from President James WagnerSONY VAIO PCG-81212M battery.

The Student Government Association (SGA) charters and provides most of the funding for other student groups, and represents students' interests when dealing with the administration. The SGA oversees divisional councils, each coinciding with the undergraduate, graduate and professional schools of the university. Notable among these are the College Council (CC) Sony VAIO PCG-81112M battery which handles students concerns primarily for the undergraduate body of the Emory College of Arts and Sciences and annually sponsors the State of Race event. The Student Programming Council (SPC) is the school's primary programming organization, responsible for planning five events every year: Homecoming Week, Fall Band Party, Spring Band Party, Swoopstock and Dooley's WeekSONY VAIO PCG-71111M battery.

The Emory Wheel, Emory's undergraduate student newspaper, has been continually published since 1919. It is financially independent from the university, covering its costs from self-generated advertising sales. WMRE, Emory's student operated radio station, began broadcasting in 1989. Although it was initially only available to on-campus listeners, it now enjoys a worldwide audienceSONY VAIO PCG-7196M battery.

Emory also has several secret societies—the Paladin Society, the D.V.S. Senior Honor Society, Ducemus, Speculum, and the Order of Ammon.

Students may engage in the performing and fine arts as an area of academic study or as extracurricular activities. Undergraduates may pursue a major in the performing arts (dance, theater, or music) or in film studies, art history, visual arts, or creative writing. Graduate programs in art history, film studies, and music are offeredSONY VAIO PCG-7195M battery.

There are more than 50 student organizations dedicated to the arts. Students can explore artistic interests as diverse as architecture, breakdancing, poetry, and improvisational comedy.

Emory routinely hosts arts events in the Schwartz Center for Performing Arts that are open to the Emory and Atlanta communities. Recent performances include Bang on a Can All-Stars (a side project of drummer Glenn Kotche from the rock band Wilco) SONY VAIO PCG-7194M battery, jazz performer Esperanza Spalding, and New York’s Cedar Lake Dance Company. A program called Creativity Conversations brings artistic minds to campus to discuss art and the creative process. Guests have included Philip Glass, Jimmy Carter, Salman Rushdie, and Seamus Heaney.

Athletics logo

Emory ranks among top schools in both the U.S. News & World Report’s rankings of the best national universities and the Directors Cup of the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics for best all-around athletics programSONY VAIO PCG-7192M battery.

Emory's 18 varsity sports teams, known as the Eagles, are members of the NCAA’s Division III University Athletic Association (UAA). However, Emory does not have an intercollegiate football team.

The intramural sports program provides an athletic outlet for the entire Emory community. Emory has numerous club sports and a variety of recreational and competitive intramural teamsSONY PCG-8113M battery. The Outdoor Emory Organization sponsors weekend trips of outdoor activities such as rafting, rock climbing and hiking.

Surrounding area

Emory's main campus is located in Druid Hills section of unincorporated DeKalb County, Georgia,[87][88] a suburban community near Atlanta. Emory’s main campus is about a 15-minute drive from downtown and midtown Atlanta as well as the Buckhead area. The Atlanta metropolitan area, with more than 5.5 million peopleSONY PCG-8112M battery , is the third largest in the Southeastern United States and the ninth largest in the country.[89] Atlanta is home to the world headquarters of corporations such as The Coca-Cola Company, The Home Depot, AT&T Mobility, UPS, Delta Air Lines, and Turner Broadcasting. Atlanta has the country's fourth-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies, and more than 75 percent of Fortune 1000 companies have business operations in the metropolitan area.SONY PCG-7134M battery Popular attractions in the Atlanta area include, the world’s largest indoor aquarium, the Georgia Aquarium,[91] The World of Coca-Cola, the High Museum of Art and CNN Center. Atlanta is also home to The Peachtree Road Race, the world’s largest 10k with approximately 55,000 runners, as well as the National Black Arts Festival, a celebration of African American music, film, visual art, dance and literature, that takes place every summer in AtlantaSONY PCG-7131M battery.

Sustainability

The university has one of the largest inventories by square footage of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design-certified building space among campuses in the United States.[93] New buildings on Emory’s campus must comply with the guidelines set by U.S. Green Building Council’s Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) SONY PCG-7122M battery.

The university also has a policy to preserve more than half the campus as undeveloped green space. For every tree removed for new construction, another must be planted.

Emory is committed to having three-quarters of the food served on campus come from local or sustainable sources by 2015. Emory’s campus has several small educational gardens, where fresh produce is grown. These gardens are meant to increase awareness about local food and remind members of the community that they can reduce fossil fuel use by eating locallySONY PCG-7121M battery . The upkeep of the gardens is the responsibility of members of the Emory community. During the school year, a seasonal farmers market hosts local farmers and vendors.[96]

The Druid Hills campus has a pedestrian-only center. The Cliff shuttle system provides transportation for students, faculty and staff.[97] Alternative transportation is encouraged through initiatives such as Bike Emory and Zipcar, a company that rents cars for short-term useSONY PCG-7113M battery.

Students have the option of completing a minor in sustainability. This includes courses on the social, environmental and economic elements of sustainability, as well as a hands-on component, such as research or an internship.

Buildings

Michael C. Carlos Museum

The Carlos Museum houses one of the most comprehensive art collections in the Southeast, with works from ancient Egypt, Near East, Greece, Rome, ancient Americas, Africa, and AsiaSONY PCG-7112M battery. The museum has been adding to its collection since 1876, when a small museum was opened on the Oxford campus. Its permanent collection includes such pieces as an influential statue of Aphrodite from the 1st century BC., which was in two parts until it was fixed by a Carlos employee.One of the most notable exhibitions that the Carlos Museum has had was an exhibition about Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun ("King Tut"), which was on display for the first time in 26 years. Students may visit the Carlos Museum for freeSONY PCG-8Z3M battery. Many of the curators teach courses at the University and faculty in other departments, including dance and physics, often use the museum as part of their curriculum.

Manuscripts, Archives, and Rare Books Library (MARBL)

Emory’s Robert W. Woodruff University Library has been ranked #13 in the nation, according to The Princeton Review.[103] The library’s tenth floor is home to MARBL, which has rare materials relating to literature, African American history and culture, and Southern and Georgia historySONY PCG-8Z2M battery. Notable pieces of the MARBL collection include a rare first edition of Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe,[104] as well as works by Flannery O’Connor, Alice Walker, Langston Hughes, W.B. Yeats, and Seamus Heaney. All students have complete access to MARBL and members of the public may also use the library. Many of these authors become subjects of exhibitions in Schatten GallerySONY PCG-8Z1M battery, which is located on the third floor of Woodruff Library and houses various displays throughout the year.

Lullwater Preserve

Lullwater Preserve features more than 100 acres (0.40 km2) of green space including woods, walking trails and a lake. The home of the University president and his family, Lullwater House is located here. The only vehicles allowed are those that have received special permission because they are visiting the president’s house. SONY PCG-8Y3M battery  The property was originally the estate of Walter T. Candler, son of Coca-Cola co-founder Asa Griggs Candler.

Yerkes National Primate Research Center

The Yerkes National Primate Research Center is one of only eight National Institutes of Health–funded national primate research centers. Between its two locations—the main center on Emory’s Druid Hills campus and a secondary location in Lawrenceville, Ga.—the Center has nearly 3,400 nonhuman primates and 13,000 rodentsSONY PCG-8Y2M battery. Since 1930, the Center has been conducting research in the fields of microbiology and immunology, neurologic diseases, neuropharmacology, behavioral, cognitive and developmental neuroscience, and psychiatric disorders. Current research includes developing vaccines for infectious and noninfectious diseases, treating drug addiction, and increase understanding of illnesses such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson's diseasesSONY PCG-7Z1M battery.

The Carter Center

Emory is partnered with the Carter Center, a not-for-profit organization founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter to further human rights. Carter usually visits Emory’s campus several times throughout the year. Most notably, he hosts Carter Town Hall, an open-forum event for all first-year studentsSONY PCG-6W2M battery.

The Donna and Marvin Schwartz Center for the Performing Arts

The Donna and Marvin Schwartz Center for Performing Arts, which reopened in the fall of 2001, hosts professional and student-run performances throughout the year.[108] In addition to various practice facilities and smaller performance spaces, The Schwartz Center now includes Cherry Logan Emerson Concert Hall, which has 825 seats and a large pipe organSONY PCG-5J5M battery.

Winship Cancer Institute

Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University is Georgia’s first and only cancer center designated by the National Cancer Institute. The Winship Cancer institute was founded in 1937 with a gift from Robert Woodruff, the former president of Coca-Cola, after he lost his mother to cancer that year.[109] For over 65 yearsSONY PCG-5K2M battery, the mission of the Winship Cancer Institute has been to bring together researchers, physicians, epidemiologists, nurses, engineers, and social workers with the goal of preventing, treating, and curing cancer. Divisions at Winship Cancer Institute include radiation oncology, surgical oncology, hematology, and medical oncology. In 2009SONY PCG-5K1M battery, Winship Cancer Institute was the first in Georgia to use a new and faster radiation system, called RapidArc, which can reduce treatment times and deliver a complete treatment in a single rotation of the machine around the patient.[109] In 2006, the National Cancer Institute selected the Emory and Georgia Tech joint research program as one of seven National Centers of Cancer NanotechnologySONY PCG-5J4M battery .

Notable alumni and faculty

Main article: List of Emory University people

Emory alumni include: Alben Barkley (BA 1900), 35th Vice President of the United States, Newt Gingrich (BA 1965), 58th Speaker of the House of Representatives, Lee Hong-koo (BA 1959), 26th Prime Minister of South Korea, Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar (II) (BA 1845), former Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court and Bill Haslam (BA 1980), current Governor of TennesseeSONY PCG-5J1M battery . In academia, Isaac Stiles Hopkins (BA 1859) and Robert Stewart Hyer (BA 1881, MA 1882), founding presidents of Georgia Institute of Technology and Southern Methodist University, respectively, Arthur Hollis Edens (BA 1928, MA 1938), 3rd President of Duke University and Howard Lamar (BA 1945), 21st president of Yale University. Business alum include former longtime president of the Coca Cola CompanySONY PCG-5G2M battery, Robert Woodruff, John Chidsey (MBA, JD), Chairman and CEO of Burger King, C. Robert Henrikson (JD 1972), Chairman and CEO of MetLife, Kenneth Cole (BA 1976), clothing designer and founder of Kenneth Cole Productions, Raymond W. McDaniel Jr. (JD), Chairman and CEO of Moody's Corporation.

Author Salman Rushdie having a discussion with Emory University students

In arts and entertainment, Ernie HarwellSony VAIO PCG-8131M battery, longtime announcer for the Detroit Tigers and member of the National Radio Hall of Fame, members of the Grammy winning folk rock group the Indigo Girls and Adam Richman (BA), actor and host of the television show Man vs. Food. Pulitzer Prize winning writers C. Vann Woodward (BA 1930), author of The Strange Career of Jim Crow and Dumas Malone (BA 1910) are also alumni, the latter also being the recipient of the Presidential Medal of FreedomSony VAIO PCG-8152M battery. Medical and scientific alumni include Eugene Stead (BS 1928, MD 1932), founder of the physician assistant profession, Arnall Patz (BA 1943, MD 1945), ophthalmology researcher and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient who discovered that oxygen therapy causes blindness in infants, Sonny Carter (BS 1969, MD 1973), NASA astronaut, Robert Simpson (MA 1935) Sony VAIO PCG-31311M battery, meteorologist and co-developer of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Among notable athletes, Bobby Jones (Law 1929), the only golfer to win a Grand Slam, founder of the Masters Golf Tournament, and often considered to be one of the greatest golfers of all time. Christopher McCandless (BA 1990), transcendentalist who was made famous after Jon Krakauer's book Into the Wild (book), is also an Emory alumSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery.

Distinguished faculty members include former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, Booker Prize-winning novelist Sir Salman Rushdie, His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama, Pulitzer Prize winning poet Natasha Trethewey and CNN chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta.

Emory in popular culture

Some scenes of the 2011 film Hall Pass, a comedy that stars Owen Wilson as a man whose wife allows him to have an affair and was directed by the Farrelly brothers, were shot outside the Alpha Tau Omega and Kappa Alpha Order fraternity houses on Emory’s Eagle RowSony VAIO PCG-8112M battery.

The 2007 documentary about former president Jimmy Carter, Jimmy Carter: Man From Plains, features a scene of Carter being interviewed by the editor in chief of Emory’s student newspaper, The Emory Wheel.

The novel Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer and subsequent film by the same title are about 1990 Emory College of Arts and Sciences graduate Christopher McCandless, who gave away his possessions and hitchhiked to Alaska to live in the wilderness after graduationSony VAIO PCG-7186M battery. Production of the 2007 film brought its director and writer, Sean Penn, to Emory’s campus, and some footage for the movie was filmed during the 2006 Commencement ceremonies.

For the 2005 film version of The Dukes of Hazzard, the crew visited Oxford College to pay homage to the television series on which it was based. The first episode of the series featured a car jump with Oxford College’s Seney Hall in the background. The jump was also featured in the opening credits of the seriesSony VAIO PCG-7171M battery.

The 2005 independent film Kathy T (also known as Kathy T Gives Good Hoover), about a college student whose life becomes more exciting after he reads some graffiti about Kathy T and decides to track her down, was written and directed by Emory University professor of film studies Ken Lieberman. Lieberman shot many scenes in a residence hall and fraternity house on campus and primarily used Emory students for extrasSony VAIO PCG-9Z1M battery.

All of the colleges and universities featured in the 2000 comedy Road Trip, which is about a college student and some of his friends who drive to Texas to prevent his girlfriend from watching an explicit video of him with another girl, are fictional. Many scenes that took place on these campuses, particularly the University of Ithaca, were shot on Emory’s campusSony VAIO PCG-5S1M battery.

Television

Scenes for The CW television show The Vampire Diaries were shot in Oxford College’s Hoke O’Kelley Library.

Scenes from The Simple Life of Noah Dearborn, a 1999 made-for-TV movie about a 91-year-old carpenter that must protect his land from being turned into a strip mall were shot on Emory University’s Druid Hills campusSony VAIO PCG-5P1M battery.

Uppsala University (Swedish: Uppsala universitet) is a research university in Uppsala, Sweden, and is the oldest university in Sweden, founded in 1477. It ranks among the best universities in Northern Europe[5] in international rankings and is generally considered one of the most prestigious institutions of higher learning in EuropeSony VAIO PCG-5N2M battery.

The university rose to pronounced significance during the rise of Sweden as a great power at the end of the 16th century and was then given a relative financial stability with the large donation of King Gustavus Adolphus in the early 17th century. Uppsala also has an important historical place in Swedish national culture, identity and for the Swedish establishmentSony VAIO PCG-3C2M battery: in historiography, literature, politics, and music. Many aspects of Swedish academic culture in general, such as the white student cap, originated in Uppsala. It shares some peculiarities, such as the student nation system, with Lund University and the University of HelsinkiSony VAIO PCG-8161M battery.

Uppsala belongs to the Coimbra Group of European universities. The university has nine faculties distributed over three 'disciplinary domains'. It has about 20 000 full-time students, and about 2,000 doctoral students. It has a teaching staff of 4,000 (part-time and full-time) out of a total of 6,000 employees. Of its annual turnover of around 4.3 billion SEK (approx. 715 million USD), approximately 60% goes to graduate studies and researchSony VAIO PCG-8141M battery.

Architecturally, Uppsala University has traditionally had a strong presence in the area around the cathedral on the western side of the River Fyris. Despite some more contemporary building developments further away from the centre, Uppsala's historic centre continues to be dominated by the presence of the universitySony VAIO PCG-3J1M battery.

History

15th century: origins

As with most medieval universities, Uppsala University initially grew out of an ecclesiastical center. The archbishopric of Uppsala had been one of the most important sees in Sweden proper since Christianity first spread to this region in the ninth century. Uppsala had also long been a hub for regional trade, and had contained settlements dating back into the deep Middle AgesSony VAIO PCG-3H1M battery. As was also the case with most medieval universities, Uppsala had initially been chartered through a papal bull. Uppsala's bull, which granted the university its corporate rights, was issued by Pope Sixtus IV in 1477, and established a number of provisions. Among the most important of these was that the university was officially given the same freedoms and privileges as the University of BolognaSony VAIO PCG-3F1M battery. This included the right to establish the four traditional faculties of theology, law (Canon Law and Roman law), medicine, and philosophy, and to award the bachelors, masters, licentiate, and doctorate degrees. The archbishop of Uppsala was also named as the university's Chancellor, and was charged with maintaining the rights and privileges of the university and its membersSony VAIO PCG-9Z2L battery.

16th century: turbulent times

Gustavianum, built 1622–1625 and now a museum.

The turbulent period of the reformation of King Gustavus Vasa resulted in a drop in the already relatively insignificant number of students in Uppsala, which was seen as a center of Catholicism and of potential disloyalty to the Crown. Swedish students generally travelled to one of the Protestant universities in Germany, especially WittenbergSony VAIO PCG-9Z1L battery. There is some evidence of academic studies in Uppsala during the 16th century; the Faculty of Theology is mentioned in a document from 1526, King Eric XIV appointed Laurentius Petri Gothus (later archbishop) rector of the university in 1566, and his successor and brother John III appointed a number of professors in the period 1569–1574. At the end of the century the situation had changed, and Uppsala became a bastion of LutheranismSony VAIO PCG-9131L battery, which Duke Charles, the third of the sons of Gustavus Vasa to eventually become king (as Charles IX) used to consolidate his power and eventually oust his nephew Sigismund from the throne. The Meeting of Uppsala in 1593 established Lutheran orthodoxy in Sweden, and Charles and the Council of state gave new privileges to the university on August 1 of the same yearSony VAIO PCG-8161L battery.

Theology still had precedence, but in the privileges of 1593, the importance of a university to educate secular servants of the state was also emphasized. Three of the seven professorial chairs which were established were in Theology; of the other four, three were in Astronomy, Physics (or general natural sciences) and Latin eloquenceSony VAIO PCG-8152L battery. A fourth chair was given to Ericus Jacobi Skinnerus, who was also appointed rector, but whose discipline was not mentioned in the charter. Of the professors, several were taken over from the Collegium Regium in Stockholm, which had been functioning for a few years but closed in 1593. An eighth chair, in Medicine, was established in 1595 but received no appointee for several yearsSony VAIO PCG-8141L battery. In 1599 the number of students was approximately 150. In 1600 the first post-reformation conferment of degrees took place. In the same year, the antiquarian and mystic Johannes Bureus designed and engraved the seal of the university, which is today used as part of the logotype.

17th century: time of expansion

The medieval university had mainly been a school for theology. The aspirations of the emergent new great power of Sweden demanded a different kind of learningSony VAIO PCG-8131L battery. Sweden both grew through conquests and went through a complete overhaul of its administrative structure. It required a much larger class of civil servants and educators than before. Preparatory schools, gymnasiums, were also founded during this period in various cathedral towns, notably Västerås (the first one) in 1623. Beside Uppsala, new universities were founded in more distant parts of the Swedish RealmSony VAIO PCG-81312L battery, the University of Dorpat (present-day Tartu) in Estonia (1632) and the University of Åbo in Finland (1640). After the Scanian provinces were taken from Denmark, Lund University was founded in 1666.

Instrumental in the reforms of the early 17th century Swedish state was the long-dominant Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna, who had spent his own student days in German universities and who for the last years before his death was also chancellor of the universitySony VAIO PCG-81214L battery. King Gustavus Adolphus showed the university a keen interest and increased the professorial chairs from eight to thirteen in 1620, and again to seventeen in 1621. In 1624 the king donated "for all eternity" all his own inherited personal property in the provinces of Uppland and Västmanland, some 300 farms, mills and other sources of income. The king's former private tutor, Johan SkytteSony VAIO PCG-81115L battery, who was made chancellor of the university in 1622, donated the Skyttean chair in Eloquence and Government which still exists. The university received a stable structure with its constitution of 1626. The head of the university was to be the chancellor, his deputy was the "pro-chancellor" (always the archbishop ex officio). The immediate rule was the responsibility of the consistorySony VAIO PCG-81114L battery, to which belonged all the professors of the university, and the rector magnificus, who was elected for a semester at the time; the latter position circulated among the professors, each of whom sometimes held it several times.

During the late 16th and early 17th centuries (and perhaps even earlier), the university was located to the old chapter house parallel to the south side of the cathedral, later renamed the Academia CarolinaSony VAIO PCG-81113L battery. In 1622–1625 a new university building was built east of the cathedral, the so-called Gustavianum, named after the reigning king. In the 1630s, the total number of students were about one thousand.

Anders Celsius, astronomer and physicist.

Queen Christina was generous to the university, gave scholarships to Swedish students to study abroad and recruited foreign scholars to Uppsala chairs, among them several from the University of Strassburg, notably the philologist Johannes Schefferus (professor skytteanus) Sony VAIO PCG-7142L battery, whose little library and museum building at S:t Eriks torg now belongs to the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala. The Queen, who would eventually declare her abdication in the great hall of Uppsala Castle, visited the university on many occasions; in 1652 she was present at an anatomical demonstration arranged at the castle for the young physician Olaus Rudbeck. RudbeckSony VAIO PCG-7141L battery, one of several sons of Johannes Rudbeckius, a former Uppsala professor who became Bishop of Västerås, was sent for a year to the progressive University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Returning in 1654, he received an assistantship in Medicine in 1655, and had already gone to work on a program of improving aspects of the university. He planted the first botanical gardenSony VAIO PCG-71111L battery, the one which would eventually be tended by Carl Linnaeus and is kept today as a museum of 18th century botany under the name Linnaeus' Garden. With the patronage of the university chancellor Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie, Rudbeck was made full professor in 1660, was elected rector for two terms, despite his youth, and started a revision of the work of the other professors and a building spree with himself as architectSony VAIO PCG-61411L battery. His most significant remaining architectural work is the anatomical theatre, which was added to Gustavianum in the 1660s and crowned with the characteristic cupola for which the building is today known.

A gifted scientist, architect and engineer, Rudbeck was the dominant personality of the university in the late 17th century who laid some of the groundwork for Linnaeus and others, but he is perhaps more known today for the pseudohistorical speculations of his AtlanticaSony VAIO PCG-61112L battery, which consumed much of his later life. When large parts of Uppsala burned down in 1702, Gustavianum, which contained the university library and its many valuable manuscripts, escaped the fire; local lore has it that the aging Rudbeck stood on the roof directing the work of fighting the fire.

18th century: enlightenment and mercantilism

The early part of the 18th century was still characterized by the combination of Lutheran orthodoxy and classical philology of the previous centurySony VAIO PCG-61111L battery, but eventually a larger emphasis on sciences and practically useful knowledge developed. The innovative mathematician and physicist Samuel Klingenstierna (1698–1765) was made a professor in 1728, the physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius in 1729, and Carl Linnaeus was made professor of Medicine with Botany in 1741. The university was not immune to the parliamentary struggle between the parties known as the "Hats" and the "Caps"Sony VAIO PCG-5T4L battery, with the former having a preference for hard sciences and practical knowledge. The Hat government then in power established a chair in economics (Œconomia publica) in 1741 and called Anders Berch as its first incumbent. This was the first professorship in economics outside Germany, and possibly the third in Europe (the first chairs having been established in Halle and Frankfurt (Oder) in 1727) Sony VAIO PCG-5T3L battery. In 1759, following a donation, another chair in economy was established, the Borgströmian professorship in "practical economy", by which was meant the practical application of the natural sciences for economic purposes (it eventually developed into a chair for physiological botany).

There were very radical attempts at reforms which were never implemented, but important changes took placeSony VAIO PCG-5T2L battery. University studies had until this time been very informal in their overall organization, with the all-purpose philosophiæ magister-degree being the only one frequently conferred and many never graduating, as there were no degree applicable to their intended area of work (and well-connected aristocratic students often not graduating as they did not need to) html">Sony VAIO PCG-5S3L battery. A few professional degrees for various purposes were introduced in 1749–1750, but the radical suggestion of binding students to a single program of study adapted to a particular profession was never implemented. The reforms of this era have been compared to those of the 1960s and 1970s (Sten Lindroth).

Although it took some time after the fire of 1702, Uppsala Cathedral and Uppsala Castle were both eventually restored, both by Carl HårlemanSony VAIO PCG-5S2L battery, perhaps the most important Swedish architect of the era. He also modified Gustavianum, designed a new conservatory for Linnaeus' botanical garden and built the new Consistory house, which was to be the administrative core of the university.

Another magnificent royal donation was that of the large baroque garden of the castle, given by Gustavus III to the university when it was obvious that the old botanical garden was insufficient. A large new conservatory was built by the architect Louis Jean DesprezSony VAIO PCG-5S1L battery. Additional grounds adjacent to the baroque garden has since been added. The old garden of Rudbeck and Linnaeus was largely left to decay, but was reconstructed in the years between 1918 and 1923 according to the specifications of Linnaeus in his work Hortus Upsaliensis from 1745.

King Gustav III of Sweden visits the university in 1786

Women at the university

The issue of women's right to study at universities was raised during the very last session of the estate parliament in 1865 in a motion from Carl Johan SvensénSony VAIO PCG-5R2L battery, a member of the farmers' estate. The reception was mixed, with the most negative views coming from the clergy. In the following years the issue continued to be debated at the universities. In 1870, it was decided to let women take the secondary school examination ("studentexamen") that gave the right to entry at universities and the right to study and complete degrees at the faculties of Medicine in Uppsala andSony VAIO PCG-5R1L battery Lund and at the Caroline Institute of Medicine and Surgery in Stockholm. A common view was that the female sensitivity and compassion would make women capable of working as physicians, but her right to work was still restricted to private practice. Women's rights to higher education was extended in 1873, when all degrees except those in the faculties of theology and the licentiate degree in Law were made accessible for womenSony VAIO PCG-5P4L battery.

The first female student in Sweden was Betty Pettersson (1838–1885), who had already worked as a private tutor for several years when she took the "studentexamen" in 1871. With a royal dispensation, she was allowed to enter university in Uppsala in 1872, the year before studies at the Philosophical faculty would actually be made generally available to womenSony VAIO PCG-5P2L battery. She studied modern European languages and was the first woman in Sweden to complete an academic degree when she finished a fil. kand. in 1875. She became the first woman to be employed as a teacher in a public school for boys. The first woman in Sweden to complete a doctoral degree was Ellen Fries (1855–1900), who entered Uppsala university in 1877 and became a Ph.D. in history in 1883Sony VAIO PCG-5N4L battery. Other female students of this period includes Lydia Wahlström (1869–1954) who later became a noted educator, activist and writer on women's emancipation and suffrage. Defending a dissertation in history in 1900, she became the second woman to finish a doctorate at a Swedish university. In 1892, she founded the Uppsala Women's Student Association, who set up spex performances and other things enjoyed by male students but from which the women were excluded at the timeSony VAIO PCG-5N2L battery. The members of the Association were the first woman to wear the student caps in public, an important sign of their status. Elsa Eschelsson (1861–1911) was the first Swedish woman to finish a law degree, and the first to become a "docent", but was not permitted to even hold the position of acting professor despite being formally qualified for this in everything but her sexSony VAIO PCG-51513L battery. After years of conflicts with the professor of civil law A. O. Winroth and with the university board, she died in 1911 from an overdose of sleeping-powder.

According to the constitution of 1809, only "native Swedish men" could be appointed to higher civil servant positions, including professorships. This was changed in 1925, and the first woman to hold a professorial chair at Uppsala University was Gerd Enequist, appointed professor of human geography in 1949Sony VAIO PCG-51511L battery.

Administration and organisation

Central administration

The governing board of the university is the consistory, with representatives of the faculties as well as members representing the students and non-academic employees (3 professors and 3 students), and a number of university outsiders appointed by the Swedish government (10 people). All these members in the consistory have the right to voteSony VAIO PCG-51412L battery.

The unions active at the university also have three representatives in the consistory; these members have the right to speak but not any right to vote.

Since the last reorganization in 1999 the university has a separate body called the academic senate, which is a wider, but mostly advisory group representing teaching staff / researchers and students. The executive head of the university is the rector magnificusSony VAIO PCG-51411L battery (that also have the title "vice-chancellor"), whose deputy is the prorector. In addition, there are (also since 1999) three vice rectors, each heading one of the three "disciplinary domains" (Arts and Social Sciences, Medicine and Pharmacy, and Science and Technology), into which the nine faculties are divided. Each faculty has a faculty board and is headed by a dean (dekanus). The position of dean is held part-time by a professor of the facultySony VAIO PCG-51312L battery.

Faculties

Through division of faculties and the addition of a previously independent school of Pharmacy as a new faculty, the traditional four-faculty organization of European universities has evolved into the present nine faculties:

The disciplinary domain of Arts and Social Sciences includes the Faculty of Arts*, the Faculty of Social Sciences*, the Faculty of Languages*, the Faculty of Theology, the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Educational Sciences Sony VAIO PCG-51311L battery (formerly the Department of Education, that was raised to the status of a faculty in its own right in 2002).

The disciplinary domain of Medicine and Pharmacy includes the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Pharmacy. The Faculty of Pharmacy was originally an independent "royal institute" in Stockholm, which was moved to Uppsala and incorporated with the university between 1968–1972Sony VAIO PCG-51211L battery.

The disciplinary domain of Science and Technology includes only the Faculty of Science and Technology.* The engineering programs have from 1982 been marketed as the Uppsala School of Engineering (Uppsala Tekniska Högskola). This has however never been a separate institution, but only a unit within the Faculty of Science and Technology and use of the term has been phased out after the Faculty of Mathematics andSony VAIO PCG-41112L battery Natural Sciences was renamed the Faculty of Sciences and Technology in the 1990s.

*These four are derived from the original Philosophical Faculty.

Organizational chart

University Library

Main article: Uppsala University Library

The university library holds about 5.25 million volumes of books and periodicals (131,293 shelf meters), 61,959 manuscripts, 7,133 music prints, and 345,734 maps and other graphic documents. The holdings of the collection of manuscripts and music includes, among other things, the Gothic Bible manuscript Codex ArgenteusSony VAIO PCG-3A4L battery.

The Carolina Rediviva, the main building of the university library, designed by Carl Fredrik Sundvall and completed in 1841.

The most widely recognized building of the university library is Carolina Rediviva, the "revived Carolina", thus named in reference to Academia Carolina (see illustration), which held the university library from the earliest times until 1691, when it was moved to the upper floor of Gustavianum, where it miraculously survived the great city fire of 1702Sony VAIO PCG-3A3L battery. In the mid-18th century, there were plans to move it back to the Academia Carolina or a new building on the same spot. The building was demolished in 1778 to make place for a new library, but this was never built and the area next to the cathedral where it stood is today a lawn. The present Carolina Rediviva was built in a different place and completed in 1841Sony VAIO PCG-3A2L battery.

The present university library system comprises 19 branches, including the one in the Carolina building.

Uppsala University Hospital

Main article: Uppsala University Hospital

The Uppsala Academic Hospital or Akademiska sjukhuset, which functions as a teaching hospital for the Faculty of Medicine and the Nursing School, is run by the Uppsala County Council in cooperation with the university. As of 2003, the hospital had 7,719 employees and as of 2004 1,079 places for patientsSony VAIO PCG-3A1L battery.

The university hospital is actually older than the university, as it goes back to the earliest hospital, founded in Uppsala in 1302, much later merged with the university clinic. This was used for 400 years until the great fire of 1702 which destroyed large parts of central Uppsala. A new hospital, which later became the Uppsala county hospital, was built in its place, but was moved out of the town in 1811Sony VAIO PCG-394L battery.

The first clinic with the specific intention to facilitate the practical education of medical students was the Nosocomium Academicum, founded in 1708 and located to the Oxenstierna Palace at Riddartorget beside the cathedral (see illustration above). The building (the former residence of the President of the Royal Chancellery Bengt Gabrielsson Oxenstierna) today houses the Faculty of LawSony VAIO PCG-393L battery.

The present Akademiska sjukhuset was founded in 1850 as an organizational merger of the county hospital and the university clinic, and a new building was inaugurated in 1867 on the hill below Uppsala Castle to the southeast. From this building, which is still in use, the present hospital complex has grownSony VAIO PCG-391L battery.

Svedberg Laboratory

The Svedberg Laboratory is a is a university facility that contains the Gustaf Werner cyclotron, which is used for research as well as for proton therapy for the treatment of cancer with close cooperation with the oncology clinic at Uppsala Academic Hospital. Such an accelerator and its gantries costs between $60 million and $100 millionSony VAIO PCG-384L battery, and makes Uppsala Academic Hospital one of the approximately 40 centers in the word to provide such cancer treatment.

Housing crisis

The university has been having a housing crisis since at least late July 2010 to the current date. Both native Swedes and foreign students are finding it increasingly difficult to find accommodation while enrolled in the universitySony VAIO PCG-383L battery.

There has never been a custom in Sweden for the universites to arrange dormrooms or apartments for students. Students are generally expected to arrange their own living accommodations on the private market. To make it easier for students to find moderately priced housing, special student dorms and student apartments have been built by the student nations and student unionsSony VAIO PCG-382L battery. However, student housing has proven insufficient to accommodate all incoming students. About 40.000 student are eligible to live in the 11.000 available rooms and apartments.

Buildings and locations where the university has activities or which are significantly connected to its history. Asterisk marks buildings which are currently not used by the University. Some of the historic buildings in central Uppsala have had to be let to other activitiesSony VAIO PCG-381L battery, as their protected status has made it impossible to make modifications necessary to meet requirements to adjust to the needs for students with disabilities.

Student life

Nations and student union

Gästrike-Hälsinge nation

Up until June 2010 students at Uppsala University were obliged to become members of one of the nations, corporations of students traditionally according to province of origin (not strictly upheld now, for practical reasons). The system of dividing students into nations according to origin can ultimatelySony VAIO PCG-7185L battery be traced back to the nations at the medieval University of Paris and other early medieval universities, but the Uppsala nations appear only about 1630–1640, most likely under influence of the Landsmannschaften which existed at some of the German universities visited by Swedish students. In Sweden, nations exist only in Uppsala and LundSony VAIO PCG-7184L battery. The nations were originally seen as subversive organisations promoting less virtuous aspects of student life, but in 1663 the consistory made membership in a nation legal, each nation being placed under the inspectorship of a professor.

The current thirteen nations all have a history stretching back to the early-to-mid 17th century, but some of them are the result of mergers of older, smaller nations that took place in the early 19th century to facilitate the financing of building projectsSony VAIO PCG-7183L battery.

Since the 1960s there is a fourteenth nation, the Skånelandens nation (referring to the Scanian lands) which has no membership fee and exists as a legal fiction to get around the compulsory membership for students who prefer not to become affiliated with the traditional nationsSony VAIO PCG-7182L battery.

The Uppsala Student Union was founded in 1849 as a corporation representing all students except those attending the faculty of Pharmacy, irrespective of nation. The student at the faculty of Pharmacy were also exempt from the compulsory membership in the nations, but most pharmacy-students belonged to one. However they were obliged to take up membership in the Pharmaceutical Association of Uppsala StudentsSony VAIO PCG-7181L battery, an organisation having the same role as the nations and the student union at the rest of the university.

The compulsory membership in a student union was abolished July 1, 2010, but the unions will still be the representing organisations in the university boards and committees.

Music

Student singers marching down the staircase in Carolina Rediviva, on the occasion of the 400th anniversary of the university in 1877Sony VAIO PCG-7174L battery. The "staircase march" (trappmarschen) when the singers led the audience in a march out of the hall where the concert was held, is an annual tradition that was later moved to the new main university building completed in 1887. (The monumental staircase of Carolina was later sacrificed to create more storage space for books.) Sony VAIO PCG-7173L battery

The University's Royal Academic Orchestra was founded in 1627. Its main purpose is to play at academic ceremonies, but holds concerts on other occasions as well. Its leader has the title of director musices. The position has been held by composers such as Wilhelm Stenhammar, Hugo Alfvén and Lars-Erik Larsson. Affiliated with the University are three choirsSony VAIO PCG-7172L battery, the mixed Uppsala University Choir (Allmänna Sången), founded in 1830, the male choir Orphei Drängar, founded in 1853, and the Academy Chamber Choir of Uppsala, founded in 1957. A number of other choirs and orchestras are affiliated with the nations.

An important name in the recent history of the choirs is Eric Ericson, who was conductor of both Orphei Drängar and the Chamber ChoirSony VAIO PCG-7171L battery. In honour of Ericson, the FöreningsSparbanken endowed the Eric Ericson Chair in Choral Directing, and the Uppsala University Choral Centre was inaugurated in 2000. The centre arranges courses in choral directing.[1]

Athletics

Sports play a very small role in the life of the university, compared to British and especially U.S. universities, but have existed in various forms since the early 17th century. The University is more noted for its musical and choral traditions. Both have partial roots in the 17th century institution of extracurricular exercises for students from the nobilitySony VAIO PCG-7162L battery.

The exercitiae

File:Exercise yard – from Busser, Om Upsala Stad etc.jpg

The Exercise Yard in ca 1770. Contemporary engraving

To ease the recruitment of students from the nobility, the university started in the 1630s to offer training in a number of exercitiae or "exercises" (Swedish: exercitier) deemed necessary for the well-rounded education of a young nobleman: riding, fencing, dance, drawing and modern languages such as French and Italian. The initiative came from Chancellor Axel OxenstiernaSony VAIO PCG-7161L battery, who saw the value in a well-educated class of civil servants and the danger to his own class if its members would fall behind in academic education compared to those students who came from the lower estates. An "exercise yard", built for the riding and fencing exercises, was demolished in the late 19th century to give place to the new University Hall. The modern languages were made part of the regular academic curriculum in the 19th century; the surviving "exercises"[2] areSony VAIO PCG-7154L battery:

Fencing. Arranged in collaboration with Upsala Fäktning, a private fencing club. Fencing master as of 2005 is Igor Tsikinjov, captain of the Swedish Fencing Federation

Gymnastics and sports, located to the Art Nouveau University Gymastics Hall, colloquially known as Svettis (from the Swedish word for sweat)

Riding, arranged by the Equestrian department of the University, which has its own stables. Leaders of the activities are the Academy Stable Master and the Inspector EquitandiSony VAIO PCG-7153L battery (currently Marianne Andersson, Head of the university's Legal Affairs Office). Instruction is offered on various levels.

Music. Leader of the musical activities is the director musices, who is the conductor of the Royal Academic Orchestra The current Director Musices is Professor Stefan Karpe. See more below.

Drawing. The university appoints an established artist as Drawing Master. As of 2005, the position is held by graphic artist Ulla Fries. Weekly Croquis lessons and other exercises, Sony VAIO PCG-7152L battery free for students and other university members, are offered in the southern tower of Uppsala Castle.

Other sports

Besides the exercitiae, other sports have had a presence in Uppsala student life. The Upsala Simsällskap, "Uppsala Swimming Society", which is the oldest swimming club in the world, was founded in 1796 by the mathematician Jöns Svanberg. It had no formal connection to the university, but all its earliest members came from academic lifeSony VAIO PCG-7151L battery. Svanberg even arranged a mock graduation ceremony, a simpromotion, in parody of the university ceremonies, where those who had graduated from its swimming training were awarded "degrees" of master (magister) and bachelor (kandidat). These degrees stuck, and Swedish swimming schools still use these degrees for different levels of swimming skillsSony VAIO PCG-7148L battery.

An attempt was made in the 1870s to introduce academic rowing after the Oxbridge model. The Stockholm Nation acquired a rowing boat in 1877, soon followed by the Gothenburg Nation, and for a number of years rowing competitions were held between teams from the two nations. Although rowing never got the strong position it has at the English universitiesSony VPCW21M2E/WI battery, an annual Uppsala-Lund regatta has been arranged since 1992, between rowing teams from Uppsala and Lund University. The race is held on the Fyris River in Uppsala on even years, and on a river in the vicinity of Lund on odd years. Each year there is at least one full eight crew with cox competing, with both men's and women's teams present. With the recent victory for Uppsala in 2005, the score stands 24–23 in Uppsala's favorSony VPCW21C7E battery.

Notable people

Main article: List of Uppsala University People

Botanist, physician and zoologist Carl Linnaeus

Niklas Zennström, co-founder of KaZaA and Skype

Uppsala University is associated with 8 Nobel Prize laureates,[20] and numerous royalty, academics and public figures.

As the dominant academic institution in Sweden for several centuries, Uppsala University has ever since its first period of expansion in the early part of the 17th century educated a large proportion of Swedish politicians and civil servants, from 17th century Chancellor of the Realm (rikskansler) Johan Oxenstierna (1611–1657) Sony VPCW12S1E/WZ batteryand Lord Chief Justice (riksdrots) Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie (1622–1686) to the first Social Democratic Prime Minister of Sweden, Hjalmar Branting (1860–1925) and many later politicians. Other alumni are Dag Hammarskjöld (1905–1961), UN Secretary General who was (posthumously) awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961, and the Swedish diplomat Hans Blix (b. 1928) Sony VPCW12S1E/W battery, who was Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency 1981–1997, of the UNMOVIC 2000–2003, and previously Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs 1978–1979. Hammarskjöld and Blix both graduated from the Uppsala Faculty of Law, as did the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs Anna Lindh, who was assassinated in 2003.

Most Swedish clergymen, including most bishops and archbishops, have been educated at the university, including, in more recent times, Nathan Söderblom (1866–1931) Sony VPCW12S1E/T battery, Professor of the History of Religions in the Faculty of Theology, later Archbishop of Uppsala, and awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1930 for his work as leader of the ecumenical movement.

The university became prominent in the sciences in the 18th century with names such as the physician and botanist Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778), the father of taxonomy, and his numerous important pupils, the physicist and astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744) Sony VPCW12S1E/P battery, inventor of the centigrade scale the predecessor of the Celsius scale, and the chemist Torbern Bergman (1735–1784). Another scientist from this era is Emanuel Swedenborg (1688–1772), better remembered today as a religious mystic. Several of the elements were discovered by Uppsala scientists during this period or later. Jöns Jakob Berzelius, considered one of the fathers of modern chemistry, received his doctorate in medicine in Uppsala in 1804, but later moved to StockholmSony VPCW11S1E/W battery. Uppsala scientists of the 19th century include the physicist Anders Jonas Ångström (1814–1874). During the 20th century several Nobel laureates in the sciences have been Uppsala alumni or professors at the university.

Many well-known Swedish writers have studied in Uppsala: Georg Stiernhielm (1698–1672) is often called the father of Swedish poetrySony VPCW11S1E/T battery. The poet and song composer Carl Michael Bellman (1740–1795), without doubt the best-loved and best-remembered of Swedish 18th century poets, matriculated but left the university after less than a year. The writer, historian and composer Erik Gustaf Geijer (1783–1847), professor of history, and the poet Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom (1790–1855), professor of poetrySony VPCW11S1E/P battery, were principal figures of early 19th century Swedish romanticism. The less than happy experiences of the Uppsala student life of novelist and playwright August Strindberg (1849–1912), resulted in his Från Fjärdingen och Svartbäcken (1877), a collection of short stories set in Uppsala ("From Fjärdingen and Svartbäcken", the title refers to two districts in Uppsala). Other Uppsala alumni are the poet Erik Axel Karlfeldt (1864–1931) Sony VPCYA1S1E/B battery, who refused the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1918, but received it posthumously in 1931, the novelist and playwright Pär Lagerkvist (1891–1974), Nobel laureate in 1951, and the poet and novelist Karin Boye (1900–1941), for whom one branch of the university library has been named. The Communist leader Ture Nerman (1886–1969) wrote a novel called Olympen, based on his experience as a student in Uppsala. Niklas ZennströmSony VPCYA1V9E/B battery, co-founder of KaZaA and Skype is also a former student at Uppsala University. On August 15, 2008 Zennström donated 15 million SEK to Uppsala University for climate research.[21] The late Jan Stenbeck, a Nordic media mogul who controlled Modern Times Group, was also an alumnus of Uppsala UniversitySony VPCY21S1E/SI battery.

Uppsala University in fiction and popular culture

Together with Lund, Uppsala is the historic and traditional centre of Swedish academic life, making it a popular object of reference in Swedish literature, art, and film. Specifically, Uppsala University has appeared notably in Män som hatar kvinnor or The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo by Stieg LarssonSony VPCY21S1E/L battery.

The Norwegian pop singer Kirsti Sparboe dedicated one of her biggest successes to Uppsala University, publishing in 1969 the song "Ein Student aus Uppsala".[22] The song, originally written in German, lasted 14 weeks in the German chartsSony VPCY21S1E/G battery.

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