Delft University of Technology, also known as TU Delft, is the largest and oldest Dutch public technical university, located in Delft, Netherlands. With eight faculties and numerous research institutes it hosts over 16,000 students (undergraduate and postgraduate), more than 2,600 scientists(including more than 200 professors) Sony PCG-71313M battery, over 2,000 doctoral students, and more than 2,000 people in the support and management staff.
The university was established on January 8, 1842 by King William II of the Netherlands as a Royal Academy, with the main purpose of training civil servants for the Dutch East Indies. The school rapidly expanded its research and education curriculum, becoming first a Polytechnic School in 1864, Institute of Technology in 1905, and finally gaining full university rights in 1986Sony PCG-71212M battery.
Nobel laureates Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, and Simon van der Meer have been associated with TU Delft. TU Delft is a member of several university federations including the IDEA League, CESAER, UNITECH, and 3TU.
Main article: History of the Delft University of Technology
Royal Academy (1842–1864)
King William II of the Netherlands, founder of Royal Academy in Delft.
Delft University of Technology was founded on January 8, 1842 by King William II of the Netherlands as Royal Academy for the education of civilian engineersSony PCG-71311M battery, for serving both nation and industry, and of apprentices for trade. One of the purposes of the academy was to educate civil servants for the colonies of the Dutch East India Company. The first director of the academy was Antoine Lipkens, constructor of the first Dutch optical telegraph, called simply as Lipkens. Royal Academy had its first building located at Oude Delft 95 Street in DelftSony PCG-71213M battery. On May 23, 1863 an Act was passed imposing regulations on technical education in the Netherlands, bringing it under the rules of secondary education.
Polytechnic School (1864–1905)
On June 20, 1864, Royal Academy in Delft was disbanded by a Royal Decree, giving a way to a Polytechnic School of Delft (Politechnische School van Delft). The newly formed school educated engineers of various fields and architects, so much needed during the rapid industrialization period in the 19th centurySony PCG-61211M battery.
Institute of Technology (1905–1986)
Yet another Act, passed on May 22, 1905, changed the name of the school to Technische College (Institute) of Delft (Technische Hogeschool Delft), emphasizing the academic quality of the education. Polytechnic was granted university rights and was allowed to award academic degrees. The number of students reached 450 around that timeSony VAIO VPCF24Q1E battery. The official opening of the new school was attended by Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands on July 10, 1905. First dean of the newly established College was ir. J. Kraus, hydraulic engineer. Corporate rights were granted to the College on June 7, 1956. Most of the university buildings during that time were located within Delft city center, with some of the buildings set on the side of the river Schie, in the Wippolder districtSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/H battery.
Student organizations grew together with the university. The first to be established on March 22, 1848 is the Delftsch Studenten Corps housed in the distinctive Sociëteit Phoenix on the Phoenixstraat. This was followed by the de Delftsche Studenten Bond (est. October 30, 1897) and the KSV Sanctus Virgilius (est. March 2, 1898) Sony VAIO VPCF12Z1E/BI battery. In 1917 Proof Garden for Technical Plantation (Dutch: Cultuurtuin voor Technische Gewassen) was established by Gerrit van Iterson, which today is known as Botanical Garden of TU Delft. In that period a first female professor, Toos Korvezee, was appointed.
Delft University of Technology (1986–present)
After the end of the Second World War, TU Delft increased its rapid academic expansion. Studium Generale was established at all universities in the Netherlands, including TU DelftSony VAIO VPCF12S1E/B battery, to promote a free and accessible knowledge related to culture, technology, society and science. Because of the increasing number of students, in 1974 the first Reception Week for First Year Students (Ontvangst Week voor Eerstejaar Studenten, OWEE) was established, which became a TU Delft tradition since then.
On September 1, 1986, the Delft Institute of Technology officially changed its name to Delft University of TechnologySony VAIO VPCF13Z8E/BI battery, underlining the quality of the education and research provided by the institution. In the course of further expansion, in 1987 Delft Top Tech institute was established, which provided a professional master education in management for people working in the technology-related companies. On September 1, 1997, the 13 faculties of the TU Delft were merged into 9Sony VAIO VPCF13Z8E battery, to improve the management efficiency of the growing university. In the early 1990s, because the vast majority of the students of the university were male, an initiative to increase the number female students resulted in founding a separate emancipation commission. As a result Girls Study Technology (Meiden studeren techniek) days were established. In later years the responsibilities of the commission were distributed over multiple institutesSony VAIO VPCF13M1E/B battery.
The university's former main building has hosted the Faculty of Architecture since 2008.
Since 2006 all buildings of the university are placed outside of the historical city center of Delft. Relatively new building of Material Sciences department was sold, later demolished in 2007 to give place for a newly built building of the Haagse HogeschoolSony VAIO VPCF1318E/H battery. Closer cooperation between TU Delft and Dutch universities of applied sciences resulted in physical transition of some of the institutes from outside to Delft. In September 2009 many institutes of applied sciences from the Hague region as well as Institute of Applied Sciences in Rijswijk, transferred to Delft, close to the location of the university, at the square between Rotterdamseweg street and Leeghwaterstraat streetSony VAIO VPCF13J0E/H battery.
On May 13, 2008, the building of the Faculty of Architecture was destroyed by fire, presumably caused by a short circuit in a coffee machine due to a ruptured water pipe. Luckily, the architecture library, containing several thousands of books and maps, as well as many architecture models, including chairs by Gerrit Rietveld and Le Corbusier, were savedSony VAIO VPCF13E8E battery. The Faculty of Architecture is currently housed in the university's former main building.
In 2007 the three Dutch technical universities, TU Delft, TU Eindhoven and University of Twente, established a federation, called 3TU.
TU Delft logo
Through the course of the years the logo of the TU Delft changed a number of times, along with its official name. The current logo is based on the three university colors cyan, black and white. The letter "T" bears a stylized flame on topSony VAIO VPCF13E4E battery, referring to the flame that Prometheus brought from Mount Olympus to the people, against the will of Zeus. Because of this, Prometheus is sometimes considered as the first engineer, and is an important symbol for the university. His statue stands in the center of the newly renovated TU Delft campus, MekelparkSony VAIO VPCF12M1E/H battery.
Initially, all of the university buildings were located in the historic city centre of Delft. This changed in the second half of the 20th century with relocations to a separate university neighborhood. The last university building in the historic centre of Delft was the university library, which was relocated to a new building in 1997Sony VAIO VPCF12F4E/H battery. On the September 12, 2006 the design of the new university neighborhood, Mekelpark, was officially approved, giving a green light to the transformation of the area around the Mekelweg street (the main road on the university terrain) into a new campus heart. The new park replaced the main access road and redirect car traffic around the campus, making the newly created park a safer place for bicycles and pedestriansSony VAIO VPCF12E1E/H battery.
Entrance to the Mekelpark, with the statue of Prometheus, university's symbol.
New university neighborhood called Mekelpark (its name commemorating TH Delft professor and WW II resistance fighter, Jan Mekel, who was executed by the Nazis on May 2, 1942 in Sachsenhausen) was opened on July 5, 2009. Mekelpark replaced old parking structures, bike lanes and gas station, constructed between faculty buildings of the university in the late 1950sSony VAIO VPCF11Z1E/BI battery. Its 832-meter-long promenade eased the commute between faculty buildings. Both sides of the promenade are covered by stone benches, 1547 meters long in total. Some of the university buildings around the Mekelpark deserve certain attention.
TU Delft Aula was designed by Van den Broek en Bakema architecture bureau founded by two TU Delft alumni Jo van den Broek and Jaap BakemaSony VAIO VPCF24M1E battery. It was officially opened on 6 January 1966 by Dutch Prime Minister Jo Cals. It is a classical example of a structure built in Brutalist style. TU Delft Aula, which symbolically opens the Mekelpark, houses main university restaurant and store, as well as lecture halls, auditoria, congress center, and administrative offices of the university. All doctoral promotion, honoris causa ceremonies, as well as academic senate meetings take place in the AulaSony VAIO VPCF23S1E battery.
The snow-covered grass roof of the TU Delft library.
The TU Delft Library, constructed in 1997, was designed by Delft-based Mecanoo architecture bureau. It is located behind university aula. The roof of the library is covered with grass, which serves as a natural insulation. The structure lifts from the ground on one side allowing to walk to the top of the building. The library is topped by the steel cone, giving its unique shapeSony VAIO VPCF231S1E battery. The wall, opposite to the Aula is completely filled with glass. The library won the Dutch National Steel Prize in 1998 in the buildings of steel and hybrid constructions category .
Cultural and Sports Center
TU Delft Cultural Center (Cultureel Centrum) is located at Mekelweg 10 street, at the edge of the Mekelpark, opposite of the Aula. It was designed by architect Vera Yanovshtchinsky and opened to TU Delft student's and staff in 1995Sony VAIO VPCF23Q1E battery.
TU Delft Musea
Three musea are associated with the university: Science Centre Delft, Mineralogy-geology museum and Beijerinck en Kluyver archive.
Science Centre Delft was opened in September 2010 and is located at Mijnbouwstraat 120 in Delft. Science Center Delft is a successor of Technical Exhibition Center. Technical Exhibition Center was established by a group of TU Delft professors with the aim of presenting the recent advances in technology to a wider audienceSony VAIO VPCF23M1E battery. Parts of the collection were shown outside of Delft: in the Netherlands and abroad, including Israel and Czech Republic. The collection was permanently hosted in the building of former department of geodesy. The historical collections of Technical Exhibition Center were moved Delft Museum of Technology, located at Ezelsveldlaan streetSony VAIO VPCF22S8E battery, in the buildings of the former department of naval architecture (Werktuig- en Scheepsbouwkunde), next to the city center of Delft. As Delft city council together with TU Delft decided to move the collection close to the university campus (currently the building of the former museum are transformed into lofts), Science Centre Delft shows visitors current TU Delft research projects are available, including Eco Runner and NunaSony VAIO VPCF22S1E battery.
Beijerinck en Kluyver archive hosts a collection of documents, exhibits and memorabilia of two scientists historically connected with the university.
Mineralogy-geology museum is a part of Civil Engineering and Geosciences and contains around 200,000 geological, mineralogical and crystallographical items divided into numerous sub-collections. The oldest items date back to 1842 when the TU Delft (then Delft Royal Academy) was establishedSony VAIO VPCF22M1E battery.
TU Delft botanical garden dates back to 1917, where Proof Garden for Technical Plantation (Dutch: Cultuurtuin voor Technische Gewassen) was established by Gerrit van Iterson Jr., TU Delft graduate and assistant to Martinus Beijerinck. Iterson Jr. was the first director of the garden until 1948. Creation of botanical gardens at TU Delft was partiallySony VAIO VPCF22L1E battery a result of the increasing needs of systematized development of tropical agriculture in then Dutch colony of Dutch East Indies. Currently, the garden is located behind historical buildings of the university, at Julianalaan street in Delft, right next to old microbiology laboratory of Beijerinck. Over 7000 different species of plants, including tropical and subtropical plantsSony VAIO VPCF22J1E battery, herbs, and ornamental plants cover the area of almost 2.5 ha. Furthermore, more than 2000 unique species are preserved in university's greenhouses. All facilities of TU Delft botanical garden are open to the public.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Botanical garden T.U.Delft
TU Delft comprises eight faculties. Sony VAIO VPCF11S1E/B battery These are (official Dutch name and faculty abbreviation are given in brackets): Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering (3mE) (Werktuigbouwkunde, Maritieme Techniek & Technische Materiaalwetenschappen (3mE)), Architecture (A) (Bouwkunde (BK)), Civil Engineering and Geosciences (CEG) (Civiele Techniek en Geowetenschappen (CiTG)) Sony VAIO VPCF11M1E/H battery, Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS) (Elektrotechniek, Wiskunde en Informatica (EWI)), Industrial Design Engineering (IDE) (Industrieel Ontwerpen (IO)), Aerospace Engineering (AE) (Luchtvaart- en Ruimtevaarttechniek (LR)), Technology, Policy and Management (Techniek, Bestuur en Management (TBM)), and Applied Sciences (AS) (Technische Natuurwetenschappen (TNW)) Sony VAIO VPCF11D4E battery.
Since 2004 TU Delft education system is divided into three tiers: bachelor, master and doctorate. Academic year is divided into two semesters: first semester from September until January and second semester from the end of January until July. Most of the lectures are available through OpenCourseWare on http://ocw.tudelft.nlSony VAIO VPCF11C5E battery.
Main article: List of the Bachelor and Master programmes at Delft University of Technology
As of 2010 TU Delft offers 14 BSc programmes. TU Delft students obtain their degree after a three-year study. The test project finalizes the BSc studies. All BSc programmes are taught in Dutch, except for Aerospace Engineering programme, which is taught in Dutch and EnglishSony VAIO VPCF11C4E/B battery.
Main article: List of the Bachelor and Master programmes at Delft University of Technology
As of 2010 TU Delft offers around 40 MSc programmes. The MSc studies take two years to complete. First year is devoted to theoretical studies, assignments and laboratory work. Second year is dedicated to research work, internships and thesis preparationSony VAIO PCG-31114V battery.
TU Delft adopted European Credit Transfer System, where each year MSc student are required to obtain 60 ECTS points. Study progress of each TU Delft MSc student is monitored through faculty counsellor. An honors track exists for motivated MSc students, who obtained a mark of 7.5 or higher (in Dutch grading scale) and did not fail any coursesSony VAIO PCG-31114M battery. This track, associated with 30 ECTS points, is taken alongside regular MSc programme and must be related to student's regular degree courses or the role of technology in society. The honors track must be completed within the allowed time for MSc programme.
MSc programmes are also offered through 3TU federation, Erasmus Mundus programmes, and through IDEA League joint MSc programmesSony VAIO PCG-31113M battery.
Typical photo following a TU Delft doctoral defense. The Promovendus (center) is accompanied by two Paranymphs. Madame Bedel is on the left, holding the staff. The red tube holds the doctoral diploma. The Promovendus, as well as the Paranymphs must wear white ties, while all professors in the defense committee wear togasSony VAIO PCG-31112M battery.
Doctoral studies at TU Delft are divided in two phases. First phase, one-year long, serves as a test during which doctoral candidate must prove that he is capable performing research on a doctoral level. If the candidate passed the evaluation performed by his/her promotor, then during the next three years candidate performs research which must be finalized by submitting a doctoral dissertationSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery. Doctoral thesis is evaluated by doctoral committee composed of TU Delft professors and academics outside of the university (within and outside of the Netherlands). Once the thesis is revised and comments of the committee members are applied, the candidate can approach the formal doctoral defense. In contrast to USA doctoral-level studies, doctoral candidate does not follow any lectures nor pass additional exams, instead he/she focuses solely on researchSony VAIO PCG-41112M battery.
Doctoral defense is of ceremonial nature. It lasts exactly for an hour, during which doctoral candidate must answer all questions from every committee member. Sometimes doctoral candidate is accompanied by one or two Paranymphs, who theoretically might help defend a question asked by a committee member. The defense is ended by BedelSony VAIO PCG-41111M battery, who enters a senate room, holding a university staff and says in Latin It's time (Latin: Hora Est). After that committee moves to a separate room to decide whether to grant a doctorate or not. After that committee moves back to a room where a defense is held, introduced by a Bedel, and if the doctorate is granted promotor presents laudation praising a new doctor. All ceremony is chaired by a rector or its representative. Doctoral defense at TU Delft is publicSONY VAIO PCG-21212M battery.
Other degree programmes
TU Delft also offers Professional Doctorate in Engineering.
Building of Reactor Institute Delft.
TU Delft has three officially recognized research institutes: Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies, International Research Centre for Telecommunications-transmission and Radar, and Reactor Institute Delft. Apart of those three institutes TU Delft hosts numerous smaller research institutesSONY VAIO PCG-21211M battery, including Delft Institute of Microelectronics and Submicron Technology, Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Netherlands Institute of Metals Research (now part of Materials innovation institute), Delft Centre for Aviation, Delft Centre for Engineering Design, Delft Institute of Earth Observation and Space Systems, Delft University Wind Energy Research Institute, SONY VAIO PCG-51212M battery International Research Institute for Simulation, Motion and Navigation Technologies. Full list of research schools is available on TU Delft website.
Vital part of Dutch university system are research schools. They combine cutting-edge education, training and research for PhD candidates and postdoctoral researchers in a given field. The main goal of the research schools is to coordinate nationwide research programs in a given areaSONY VAIO PCG-51211M battery. Research schools of TU Delft cooperate with other universities in the Netherlands. Research schools are required to have an accreditation of Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. TU Delft is taking the lead in ten research schools, and participates in nine. The full list of research schools affiliated with TU Delft is available on TU Delft website, see for example TRAIL Research SchoolSONY VAIO PCG-51112M battery.
During an academic year TU Delft publishes a weekly magazine TU Delta, which aims at student and employee community of the university. The newspaper is predominantly in Dutch, with last few pages published in English. TU Delta is distributed freely in paper form over the campus and is also available for free on the Internet. Articles focus mainly on current university affairs and student lifeSONY VAIO PCG-51111M battery. Weekly agenda including PhD promotions, inaugural lectures, etc. is also published therein.
Also, approximately four times a year TU Delft publishes a magazine devoted only to research conducted by the university, called Delft Outlook. Delft Outlook is published in English, while the same content is published in Dutch in Delft Integraal magazine. Both magazines present interviews with TU Delft researchers, university officialsSONY VAIO PCG-81212M battery. Columns of some university professors are published therein, as well as alumni letters and excerpts from recently published PhD theses.
TU Delft is governed by the executive board (College van Bestuur), controlled and advised by student council, workers council, board of professors, board of doctorates, assistant staff office, committee for the application of the allocation model, operational committee, advisory council for quality and accreditation, deans of each TU Delft facultySony VAIO PCG-81112M battery, and directors of TU Delft research centers, research schools and research institutes.
Executive board is chaired academically by the Rector Magnificus. The currently appointed Rector Magnificus, Prof. Dr. Karel Ch.A.M. Luyben holds his position since 2010. Previous Rectors of TU Delft include Prof. K.F. Wakker (1993–1997 and 1998–2002), Prof. J. Blauwendraad (1997–1998) and Prof. J.T. Fokkema (2002–2010). Executive board is accountable to the Supervisory BoardSONY VAIO PCG-71111M battery, appointed by the Minister of Education, Culture and Science. One of the many tasks of executive board is the approval of management regulations.
Board of professors advises in the matter of academic quality, deciding on the selection of guest lecturers, research fellows as well as revising proposals submitted for royal honors for professors. Board of doctorates appoints supervisors for PhD students, forms promotion committees, determines promotional codeSONY VAIO PCG-7196M battery, and confers PhD and doctorate Honoris Causa degrees. Committee for the application of the allocation model reports to the executive board regarding allocation model. Further, it controls output data supplied to the executive board. Operational committee is composed of members of the executive board and the s. The committee collaborates on the issues of general importance, related in part to the specific interests of the faculties, and strengthens the unity of the university overallSONY VAIO PCG-7195M battery.
Student life at TU Delft is organized around numerous student societies and corporations. They can be generally categorized into professional societies, social societies and sport societies. More than half of TU Delft students belong to a officially recognized society.
Building of the Koornbeurs Society in the old town of Delft.
There are two student parties at TU Delft: ORASSONY VAIO PCG-7194M battery (Organisatie Rationele Studenten) and AAG (Afdelings Actie Groepen). AAG started as an action group of students in the 1960s, willing to have more impact on the quality of education at then Polytechnic Institute Delft. ORAS became active in the early 1970s as a counterbalance to AAG. Currently those two parties are competing each year for seats in TU Delft's Students Council (Studenten Raad) SONY VAIO PCG-7192M battery. Further, all student organizations of TU Delft are associated with The Council of Student Societies Delft VeRa (De VerenigingsRaad) and The Society for Study and Student Matters Delft VSSD (Vereniging voor Studie- en Studentenbelangen Delft).
Apart from bachelor and master student organizations, PhD students of TU Delft have their own organization called Promood (PhD Students Discussion Group Delft) (Promovendi Overleg Delft), which represents TU Delft PhD students at then universitySONY PCG-8113M battery. It is also a member of Dutch PhD Students Network (Promovendi Netwerk Nederland).
Main article: List of the Professional Student Societies at Delft University of Technology
Each faculty of TU Delft has its own set of professional student organizations. Numerous societies are present at the university, many of them with rich traditions, customs and history. For example aerospace engineering department hosts Foundation for Students in Airplane DevelopmentSONY PCG-8112M battery, Manufacturing and Management (Stichting Studenten Vliegtuigontwikkeling, -bouw en -beheer), while civil engineering department Society for Practical Studies. International professional student organizations are also present at TU Delft, including European Association of Aerospace Students.
Main article: List of the Social Student Societies at Delft University of TechnologySONY PCG-7134M battery
Apart from professional student societies, students organize themselves only for the purpose of enriching their social life. Many of the societies have sectarian roots, like a catholic Wolbodo Student Society, Katholieke Studentenvereniging Sanctus Virgilius Delft, that during the course of the years lost the religious affiliations and accepts students from any denominationSONY PCG-7131M battery . Besides societies which have their roots in religion, there are also general (with no religious bonds) societies. One of these is Sint Jansbrug. These societies accept anyone who studies at the TU Delft or any other higher education facility in the Delft area. Also organization that has its roots in Rover Scout movement Delftsche Zwervers (at the same time the oldest scouting group in the world) is present or local branch of the European AEGEESONY PCG-7122M battery .
Main article: List of the Sport Student Societies at Delft University of Technology
Student sports are organized around clubs, that focus mostly on single discipline. Those include rowing club Proteus-Eretes (with many Olympic medals won by the members of the club) or American football club Delft Dragons.
Nuna 5, from a series of Nuna solar-powered cars that won the World Solar Challenge four times, constructed by the students of TU DelftSONY PCG-7121M battery.
TU Delft researchers developed many new technologies used today, including Glare, a Fibre Metal Laminate used in Airbus A380 skin and Vision in Product Design design method. Cees Dekker's lab at TU Delft demonstrated in 1998 the first transistor made out of single nanotube molecule. Delta Works plan was, in part, a child of TU Delft graduates, including Johan Ringers and Victor de Blocq van Kuffeler. TU Delft was a precursor of Open design conceptSONY PCG-7113M battery.
In architecture, TU Delft is famous for Traditionalist School in Dutch architecture. TU Delft was a home to many prominent microbiologists including Martinus Beijerinck, who in 1898 discovered viruses while working at TU Delft, and Albert Jan Kluyver, father of comparative microbiology, which resulted in the creation of so-called Delft School of MicrobiologySONY PCG-7112M battery.
Some recent projects being developed at the university include Flame, first humanoid robot possessing the ability to walk as humans, Superbus, project aiming to design a high speed busses reaching the speeds of 250 km/h, Nuna, solar-powered race car and four times winner of the World Solar Challenge, DUT RacingSONY PCG-8Z3M battery , electrical Formula Student project having won multiple competitions, Delfly, Micro air vehicle and the smallest ornithopter so far fitted with a camera, Fhybrid, world's first hydrogen-powered scooter, Tribler, an open source peer-to-peer client with online TV functionalities, Delfi-C3, CubeSat satellite constructed by TU Delft students, Forze, hydrogen fuel cell-powered racing car, as well as Eco-Runner vehicle participating in Eco-marathonSONY PCG-8Z2M battery .
TU Delft is a male-dominated institution. In 2009 among all students of the university (MSc and BSc level) only 20% were women. The biggest imbalance between men and women is experienced by Mechanical engineering and Aerospace Engineering faculty, while the smallest is seen at Industrial Design and Architecture departments. SONY PCG-8Z1M battery Despite many efforts of the university to change that imbalance, the number of women studying at TU Delft stays relatively constant over the years.
Since 2002 the number of students admitted to TU Delft increases rapidly (from approximately 2,200 in 2002 to almost 3,700 in 2009). The same applies to the total student population (from approximately 13,250 in 2002 to almost 16,500 in 2009). SONY PCG-8Y3M battery
Number of international students also increases steadily. Approximately half of the international students are European, among them the biggest group comes from (in decreasing order, number of students admitted in 2009): Belgium (approximately 340 students), Germany (approximately 100 students), Greece (approximately 100 students), and Italy (approximately 100 students) SONY PCG-8Y2M battery. Among non-Europeans, the biggest nationality group comes from China (approximately 340 students; the number of Chinese and Belgian newly admitted students is relatively equal since 2003), then Iran (approximately 150 students), India (approximately 140 students), Suriname (approximately 100 students), Indonesia (approximately 80 students) and Turkey (approximately 80 students),. SONY PCG-7Z1M battery Large number of students from Suriname and Indonesia can be admitted to historical ties between those two countries and the Netherlands, as both of them were the former Dutch colonies. Interestingly, due to TU Delft presence, the city of Delft has one of the biggest population of Iranians in the whole Netherlands. It resulted in one of the biggest Iranian opposition centers against Iranian government in Europe, SONY PCG-6W2M battery with many protests organized at TU Delft campus by Iranian TU Delft students during 2009 Iranian Election Protests. The biggest number of international students studies at Aerospace Engineering and Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science departments.
Main article: List of the Delft University of Technology Faculty
Currently TU Delft is a home to 227 faculty, with more than 2,500 academic staff. The responsibility of TU Delft professors is lecturing, guiding undergraduate and graduate students, as well as performing original research in their respective fieldsSONY PCG-5J5M battery.
Many notable people were TU Delft faculty. In science, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, a 1913 Nobel Laureate in physics, a discoverer of superconductivity, was a former TU Delft faculty member, working as an assistant to Johannes Bosscha. Discoverer of the Prins reaction Hendrik Jacobus Prins, co-founders of National Research Institute for Mathematics and Computer Science Hendrik Anthony Kramers and David van Dantzig, SONY PCG-5K2M battery developer of crystal bar process Jan Hendrik de Boer, discoverer of particle spin Ralph Kronig, discoverer of Einstein–de Haas effect Wander Johannes de Haas and discoverer of element Hafnium Dirk Coster, all were at some point the faculty members of the university. Faculty members of Delft School of Microbiology were the founder of modern microbiology Martinus Beijerinck and the father of comparative microbiology Albert Jan KluyverSONY PCG-5K1M battery .
In engineering, the inventor of penthode and gyrator Bernard Tellegen and Balthasar van der Pol developer of Van der Pol oscillator, were TU Delft faculty. Currently Vic Hayes, and the father of Wi-Fi, is affiliated with the Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management. STS-61A of the Space Shuttle Challenger crew member Wubbo Ockels is currently a professor of Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Delft University of TechnologySONY PCG-5J4M battery. TU Delft faculty geologist were Berend George Escher, Johannes Herman Frederik Umbgrove, discoverer of Bushveld complex Gustaaf Adolf Frederik Molengraaff and discoverer of gravity anomalies above the sea level Felix Andries Vening Meinesz.
Since TU Delft is a home to a major architecture school in the Netherlands, many important architects were a faculty of the university, including Hein de Haan, founder of Traditionalist School in Architecture Marinus Jan Granpré MolièreSONY PCG-5J1M battery, Bent Flyvbjerg, co-founder of Mecanoo architects bureau Francine Houben, co-founder of MVRDV architects bureau Winy Maas and Nathalie de Vries, co-founder of Team 10 Jacob B. Bakema and Aldo van Eyck, as well as Herman Hertzberger and Jo Coenen. Some notable designers were faculty of TU Delft, including Paul Mijksenaar, developer of visual information systems for JFK, LaGuardia and Schiphol airportsSONY PCG-5G2M battery .
Political figures that were faculty of TU Delft include former mayor of Lisbon Carmona Rodrigues and the first Dutch prime minister of the Netherlands after the second world war Wim Schermerhorn.
Main article: List of the Delft University of Technology Alumni
Two TU Delft alumni were awarded Nobel Prize: Jacobus van 't Hoff awarded first Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1901 for his work with Solution and Simon van der Meer awarded Nobel Prize in physics in 1984 for his work on stochastic coolingSony VAIO PCG-8131M battery.
Some of the mathematicians include Jan Arnoldus Schouten, contributor to the tensor calculus. Chemists and TU Delft alumni include Willem Alberda van Ekenstein, Dutch chemist and discoverer of Lobry-de Bruyn-van Ekenstein transformation. TU Delft alumni and computer scientists include Adriaan van Wijngaarden, developer of Van Wijngaarden grammar and co-designer of ALGOLSony VAIO PCG-8152M battery. Famous TU Delft alumni electrical engineers include Jaap Haartsen, developer of Bluetooth.
Political figures that studied at TU Delft include Karien van Gennip, Dutch secretary of state for economic affairs, Anton Mussert, Dutch politician of the Second World War era and founder of National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, Abdul Qadeer Khan, father of Pakistan nuclear program, and Dutch politician Wim DikSony VAIO PCG-31311M battery. Famous TU Delft alumni architects include Erick van Egeraat, Herman Hertzberger and Hein de Haan. Dutch designers that graduated at TU Delft include Alexandre Horowitz, designer of Philishave, and Adrian van Hooydonk, Dutch automobile designer and head of design at BMW.
TU Delft alumni executives include Jeroen van der Veer, former CEO of Royal Dutch Shell, Frits Philips, fourth chairman of the board of directors of Philips and Gerard Philips, co-founder of PhilipsSony VAIO PCG-31111M battery.
Other interesting TU Delft alumni include Lodewijk van den Berg, Dutch-American payload specialist on STS-51B mission and Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, member of the Dutch Royal Family. Other interesting figures that studied at TU Delft were mathematician Diederik Korteweg, responsible for Korteweg–de Vries equationSony VAIO PCG-8112M battery, who studied at TU Delft before moving to University of Amsterdam and painter Maurits Cornelis Escher who studied at TU Delft for a year. Thomas Jan Stieltjes, co-developer of Riemann–Stieltjes integral studied at TU Delft but never passed his final exams.
TU Delft alumni who are currently a faculty of other universities include Wilhelmus Luxemburg, Dutch mathematician and California Institute of Technology professor, as well as Walter Lewin, Dutch physicist, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Dutch biophysicistSony VAIO PCG-7186M battery, who both are currently MIT professors.
Honoris Causa Laureates
Main article: List of the Delft University of Technology Honoris Causa Award Recipients
In 1906 TU Delft obtained the right to award PhD degrees. This also marked the date since when university was able to award honorary doctorates. Between 1906 and 2006 exactly 100 honoris causa degrees have been awarded. Honorary doctoral degrees are awarded to people that presented extraordinary contributions in their respective fieldsSony VAIO PCG-7171M battery. Some of the most recognized recipients of TU Delft honorary doctorate include: Gerard Philips (1917), co-fonder of Philips corporation, Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (1918), winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics known for work on electromagnetic radiation, Prince Bernhard (1951), prince of the Netherlands, John Douglas Cockcroft (1959), winner of Nobel Prize in Physics for work on atom splitting, and Santiago Calatrava (1997) architectSony VAIO PCG-9Z1M battery.
TU Delft in University Rankings
TU Delft has strong research profile with the main focus on engineering and applied sciences. Therefore university scores highly in any engineering school ranking. Below a table describing a position of TU Delft in various university rankings is presented. The list include THE-QS World University Rankings, QS World University RankingsSony VAIO PCG-5S1M battery, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, Academic Ranking of World Universities, Leiden Ranking and Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities and Research Performance Index. Markers indicating a raise or fall in the ranking are shown for ease of comparison. Empty spaces mean that no ranking was performed for a given yearSony VAIO PCG-5P1M battery.
Note, that since 2010 THES-QS University Rankings no longer exists. Since then two separate rankings are produced: QS World University Rankings and Times Higher Education World University Rankings, with QS World University Rankings continuing using the same methodology as THES-QS University RankingsSony VAIO PCG-5N2M battery.
William Marsh Rice University, commonly referred to as Rice University or Rice, is a private research university located on a heavily wooded 295-acre (1.19 km2) campus in Houston, Texas, United States. The university is situated near the Houston Museum District and adjacent to the Texas Medical CenterSony VAIO PCG-3C2M battery.
Opened in 1912 after the murder of its namesake William Marsh Rice, Rice is now a preeminent research university with a distinct undergraduate focus. Its emphasis on undergraduate education is demonstrated by a small student body and 5:1 student-faculty ratio, among the lowest in the top American universities including the Ivy League. Sony VAIO PCG-8161M battery Rice alumni are prominent in every sector of society today. The university has produced 101 Fulbright Scholars, 20 Marshall Scholars, and 12 Rhodes Scholars. The university has a very high level of research activity for its size, with $115.3 million in sponsored research funding in 2011. Rice is noted for its applied science programs in the fields of artificial heart research, structural chemical analysisSony VAIO PCG-8141M battery, signal processing, space science, and nanotechnology. It was ranked first in the world in materials science research by the Times Higher Education (THE) in 2010.
The university is organized into eleven residential colleges and eight schools of academic study, including the Wiess School of Natural Sciences, the George R. Brown School of Engineering, the School of Social Sciences, and the School of HumanitiesSony VAIO PCG-3J1M battery. Graduate programs are offered through the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Business, School of Architecture, Shepherd School of Music, and Susanne M. Glasscock School of Continuing Studies. Rice students are bound by the strict Honor Code, which is enforced by a uniquely student-run Honor CouncilSony VAIO PCG-3H1M battery.
Rice competes in 14 NCAA Division I varsity sports and is a part of Conference USA, often competing with its cross-town rival the University of Houston. Intramural and club sports are offered in a wide variety of activities such as Jiu Jitsu, water polo, and crew. Rice athletes include Lance Berkman, Harold Solomon, Bubba Crosby, Arsalan Kazemi, along with three OlympiansSony VAIO PCG-3F1M battery.
William Marsh Rice's estate funded the establishment of the Rice Institute
The history of Rice University began with the untimely demise of Massachusetts businessman William Marsh Rice. Rice made his fortune in real estate, railroad development and cotton trading in the state of Texas. In 1891, Rice decided to charter a free-tuition educational institute in Houston, bearing his name, to be created upon his deathSony VAIO PCG-3C1M battery, earmarking most of his estate towards funding the project. On the morning of September 23, 1900, Rice was found dead by his valet, and presumed to have died in his sleep. Shortly thereafter, a suspiciously large check made out to Rice's New York City lawyer, signed by the late Rice, was noticed by a bank teller due to a misspelling in the recipient's nameSony VAIO PCG-9Z2L battery. The lawyer, Albert T. Patrick, then announced that Rice had changed his will to leave the bulk of his fortune to Patrick, rather than to the creation of Rice's educational institute. A subsequent investigation led by the District Attorney of New York resulted in the arrests of Patrick and of Rice's butler and valet Charles F. Jones, who had been persuaded to administer chloroform to Rice while he sleptSony VAIO PCG-9Z1L battery. Rice's friend and personal lawyer in Houston, James A. Baker, Sr., aided in the discovery of what turned out to be a fake will with a forged signature. Jones was not prosecuted since he cooperated with the district attorney, and testified against Patrick. Patrick was found guilty of conspiring to steal Rice's fortune and convicted of murder in 1901Sony VAIO PCG-9131L battery, although he was pardoned in 1912 due to conflicting medical testimony. Baker helped Rice's estate direct the fortune, worth $4.6 million in 1904 ($119 million today), towards the founding of what was to be called the Rice Institute. The Board took control of the assets on April 29 of that year.
In 1907, the Board of Trustees selected the head of the Department of Mathematics and Astronomy at Princeton University, Edgar Odell LovettSony VAIO PCG-8161L battery, to head the Institute, which was still in the planning stages. He came recommended by Princeton's president, Woodrow Wilson. In 1908, Lovett accepted the challenge, and was formally inaugurated as the Institute's first president on October 12, 1912. Lovett undertook extensive research before formalizing plans for the new Institute, including visits to 78 institutions of higher learning across the world on a long tour between 1908 and 1909Sony VAIO PCG-8152L battery. Lovett was impressed by such things as the aesthetic beauty of the uniformity of the architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, a theme which was adopted by the Institute, as well as the residential college system at Cambridge University in England, which was added to the Institute several decades later. Lovett called for the establishment of a university "of the highest grade," Sony VAIO PCG-8141L battery "an institution of liberal and technical learning" devoted "quite as much investigation as to instruction." [We must] "keep the standards up and the numbers down," declared Lovett. "The most distinguished teachers must take their part in undergraduate teaching, and their spirit should dominate it all." Sony VAIO PCG-8131L battery
Establishment and growth
An illustration of the Administration Building of Rice University in 1913
In 1911 the cornerstone was laid for the Institute's first building, the Administration Building, now known as Lovett Hall in honor of the founding president. On September 23, 1912, the anniversary of William Marsh Rice's murder, the William Marsh Rice Institute for the Advancement of Letters, Science, and Art began course workSony VAIO PCG-81312L battery. 48 male and 29 female students were enrolled, paying no tuition, with classes taught by a dozen faculty. Unusually for the time, Rice accepted coeducational admissions.
Administration Building, Rice Institute, Houston, Texas (postcard, circa 1912-1924)
Three weeks after opening, a spectacular international academic festival was held in celebration, bringing Rice to the attention of the entire academic world. Four years laterSony VAIO PCG-81214L battery, at the first commencement ceremony, 35 bachelor's degrees and one master's degree were awarded. That year, the student body voted to adopt the Honor System, which still exists today. The first doctorate was conferred in 1918.
During World War II, Rice Institute was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. Sony VAIO PCG-81115L battery
The Founder's Memorial Statue, a bronze statue of a seated William Marsh Rice, holding the original plans for the campus, was dedicated in 1930, and installed in the central academic quad, facing Lovett Hall. The residential college system proposed by President Lovett was adopted in 1958, with the East Hall residence becoming Baker CollegeSony VAIO PCG-81114L battery, South Hall residence becoming Will Rice College, West Hall becoming Hanszen College, and the temporary Wiess Hall becoming Wiess College.
John F. Kennedy speaking at Rice Stadium in 1962
In 1959, the Rice Institute Computer went online. 1960 saw Rice Institute formally renamed William Marsh Rice University. Rice acted as a temporary intermediary in the transfer of land between Humble Oil and Refining Company and NASASony VAIO PCG-81113L battery, for the creation of NASA's Manned Spacecraft Center (now called Johnson Space Center) in 1962. President John F. Kennedy then made a speech at Rice Stadium reiterating that the United States intended to reach the moon before the end of the decade of the 1960s, and "to become the world's leading space-faring nation". The relationship of NASA with Rice University and the city of Houston has remained strong to the present daySony VAIO PCG-7142L battery.
The original charter of Rice Institute dictated that the university admit and educate, tuition-free, "the white inhabitants of Houston, and the state of Texas". In 1963, the governing board of Rice University filed a lawsuit to allow the university to modify its charter to admit students of all races and to charge tuitionSony VAIO PCG-7141L battery. In 1964, Rice officially amended the university charter to desegregate its graduate and undergraduate divisions. The Trustees of Rice University prevailed in a lawsuit to void the racial language in the trust in 1966. Rice began charging tuition for the first time in 1965. In the same year, Rice launched a $33 million ($243 million) development campaign. $43 million ($257 million) Sony VAIO PCG-71111L battery was raised by its conclusion in 1970. In 1974, two new schools were founded at Rice, the Jesse H. Jones Graduate School of Management and the Shepherd School of Music. The Brown Foundation Challenge, a fund-raising program designed to encourage annual gifts, was launched in 1976 and ended in 1996 having raised $185 million ($274 million). The Rice School of Social Sciences was founded in 1979Sony VAIO PCG-61411L battery.
On-campus housing was exclusively for men for the first forty years. Jones College was the first women's residence on the Rice campus, followed by Brown College. According to legend, the women's colleges were purposefully situated at the opposite end of campus from the existing men's colleges as a way of preserving campus proprietySony VAIO PCG-61112L battery, which was greatly valued by Edgar Odell Lovett, who did not even allow benches to be installed on campus, fearing that they "might lead to co-fraternization of the sexes". The path linking the north colleges to the center of campus was given the tongue-in-cheek name of "Virgin's Walk". Individual colleges became coeducational between 1973 and 1987, with the single-sex floors of colleges that had them becoming co-ed by 2006Sony VAIO PCG-61111L battery. By then, several new residential colleges had been built on campus to handle the university's growth, including Lovett College, Sid Richardson College, and Martel College.
George H.W. Bush meeting Vladimir Putin at Rice in 2001
The Economic Summit of Industrialized Nations was held at Rice in 1990. In 1993, the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy was created. In 1997, the Edythe Bates Old Grand Organ and Recital Hall and the Center for Nanoscale Science and TechnologySony VAIO PCG-5T4L battery, renamed in 2005 for the late Nobel Prize winner and Rice professor Richard E. Smalley, were dedicated at Rice. In 1999, the Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology was created. The Rice Owls baseball team was ranked #1 in the nation for the first time in that year (1999), holding the top spot for eight weeksSony VAIO PCG-5T3L batt
In 2003, the Owls won their first national championship in baseball, which was the first for the university in any team sport, beating Southwest Missouri State in the opening game and then the University of Texas and Stanford University twice each en route to the title. In 2008, President David Leebron issued a ten point plan titled "Vision for the Second Century" outlining plans to increase research funding, strengthen existing programs, and increase collaboration. Sony VAIO PCG-5T2L battery The plan has brought about another wave of campus constructions, including the erection the newly renamed Bioscience Research Collaborative building (intended to foster collaboration with the adjacent Texas Medical Center), a new recreational center and renovated basketball stadium, and the addition of two new residential colleges, Duncan College and McMurtry CollegeSony VAIO PCG-5S3L battery.
Beginning in late 2008, the university considered a merger with Baylor College of Medicine, though the merger was ultimately rejected in 2010. Select Rice undergraduates are currently guaranteed admission to Baylor College of Medicine upon graduation as part of the Rice/Baylor Medical Scholars program. According to History Professor John Boles' recent book University BuilderSony VAIO PCG-5S2L battery: Edgar Odell Lovett and the Founding of the Rice Institute, the first president's original vision for the university included hopes for future medical and law schools.
Main article: Campus of Rice University
Herzstein Hall, in the Academic Quad
Rice's campus is a heavily-wooded 285-acre (1.15 km2) tract of land located close to the city of West University Place, in the museum district of Houston.
Five streets demarcate the campus: Greenbriar Street, Rice Boulevard, Sunset Boulevard, Main Street, and University Boulevard. For most of its history, all of Rice's buildings have been contained within this "outer loop"Sony VAIO PCG-5S1L battery. In recent years, new facilities have been built close to campus, but the bulk of administrative, academic, and residential buildings are still located within the original pentagonal plot of land. The new Collaborative Research Center, all graduate student housing, the Greenbriar building, and the Wiess President's House are located off-campusSony VAIO PCG-5R2L battery.
Rice prides itself on the amount of green space available on campus; there are only about 50 buildings spread between the main entrance at its easternmost corner, and the parking lots and Rice Stadium at the West end. The Lynn R. Lowrey Arboretum, consisting of more than 4000 trees and shrubs (giving birth to the legend that Rice has a tree for every student), is spread throughout the campusSony VAIO PCG-5R1L battery.
The university's first president, Edgar Odell Lovett, intended for the campus to have a uniform architecture style to improve its aesthetic appeal. To that end, nearly every building on campus is noticeably Byzantine in style, with sand and pink-colored bricks, large archways and columns being a common theme among many campus buildingsSony VAIO PCG-5P4L battery. Noteworthy exceptions include the glass-walled Brochstein Pavilion, Lovett College with its Brutalist-style concrete gratings, and the eclectic-Mediterranean Duncan Hall.
Lovett Hall, named for Rice’s visionary first president, is the university’s most iconic campus building. Through its Sallyport arch, new students symbolically enter the university during matriculation and depart as graduates at commencement. Duncan Hall, Sony VAIO PCG-5P2L battery Rice’s computational engineering building, was designed to encourage collaboration between the four different departments situated there. The building’s colorful Martel Foyer, drawn from many world cultures, was designed by the architect to symbolically express this collaborative purpose.
The campus is organized in a number of quadrangles. The Academic Quad, anchored by a statue of founder William Marsh RiceSony VAIO PCG-5N4L battery, includes Ralph Adams Cram's masterpiece, the asymmetrical Lovett Hall, the original administrative building; Fondren Library; Herzstein Hall, the physics building and home to the largest amphitheater on campus; Sewall Hall for the social sciences and arts; Rayzor Hall for the languages; and Anderson Hall of the Architecture department. The Humanities BuildingSony VAIO PCG-5N2L battery, winner of several architectural awards, is immediately adjacent to the main quad. Further west lies a quad surrounded by McNair Hall of the Jones Business School, the Baker Institute, and Alice Pratt Brown Hall of the Shepherd School of Music. These two quads are surrounded by the university's main access road, a one-way loop referred to as the "inner loop"Sony VAIO PCG-51513L battery. In the Engineering Quad, a trinity of sculptures by Michael Heizer, collectively entitled 45 Degrees, 90 Degrees, 180 Degrees, are flanked by Abercrombie Laboratory, the Cox Building, and the Mechanical Laboratory, housing the Electrical, Mechanical, and Earth Science/Civil Engineering departments, respectively. Duncan Hall is the latest addition to this quad, providing new offices for the Computer ScienceSony VAIO PCG-51511L battery, Computational and Applied Math, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Statistics departments.
A stone bench in the Academic Quad
Roughly three-quarters of Rice's undergraduate population lives on campus. Housing is divided among eleven residential colleges, which form an integral part of student life at the University (see Residential colleges of Rice University.) The colleges are named for university historical figures and benefactorsSony VAIO PCG-51412L battery, and while there is wide variation in their appearance, facilities, and dates of founding, are an important source of identity for Rice students, functioning as dining halls, residence halls, sports teams, among other roles. Rice does not have or endorse a Greek system, with the residential college system taking its place. Five colleges, McMurtry, Duncan, Martel, Jones, and Brown are located on the north side of campus, across from the "South Colleges", BakerSony VAIO PCG-51411L battery, Will Rice, Lovett, Hanszen, Sid Richardson, and Wiess, on the other side of the Academic Quadrangle. Of the eleven colleges, Baker is the oldest, originally built in 1912, and the twin Duncan and McMurtry colleges are the newest, and opened for the first time for the 2009-10 school year. Will Rice, Baker, and Lovett colleges are undergoing renovation to expand their dining facilities as well as the number of rooms available for studentsSony VAIO PCG-51312L battery.
McNair Hall, home to the Jones School of Business
The on-campus football facility, Rice Stadium, opened in 1950 with a capacity of 70,000 seats. After improvements in 2006, the stadium is currently configured to seat 47,000 for football but can readily be reconfigured to its original capacity of 70,000, more than the total number of Rice alumni, living and deceased. The stadium was the site of Super Bowl VIII and a speech by John F. Kennedy on September 12Sony VAIO PCG-51311L battery, 1962 in which he challenged the nation to send a man to the moon by the end of the decade. The recently renovated Tudor Fieldhouse, formerly known as Autry Court, is home to the basketball and volleyball teams. Other stadia include the Rice Track/Soccer Stadium and the Jake Hess Tennis Stadium. A new Rec Center is being built on campus, which will house the intramural sports offices and provide an outdoor pool, training and exercise facilities for all Rice studentsSony VAIO PCG-51211L battery, while athletics training will solely be held at Tudor Fieldhouse and the Rice Football Stadium.
The university and Houston Independent School District jointly established The Rice School, a kindergarten through 8th grade public magnet school in Houston. The school opened in August 1994. Through Cy-Fair ISD Rice University offers a credit course based summer school for grades 8 through 12Sony VAIO PCG-41112L battery. They also have skills based classes during the summer in the Rice Summer School.
Students walk through the Sallyport upon matriculation and commencement
Rice University is chartered as a non-profit organization and is owned and governed by a privately appointed board of trustees. The board consists of a maximum of 25 voting members who serve four year terms and is currently chaired by James W. Crownover. Sony VAIO PCG-3A4L battery The trustees serve without compensation and a simple majority of trustees must reside in Texas, including at least 4 within the greater Houston area. The board of trustees delegates its power by appointing a President to serve as the chief executive of the university. David W. Leebron was appointed President in 2004 and succeeded Malcom Gillis who served since 1993. The provost, six vice presidentsSony VAIO PCG-3A3L battery, and other university officials report to the President. The President is advised by a University Council composed of the Provost, eight members of the Faculty Council, two staff members, one graduate student, and two undergraduate students. The President presides over a Faculty Council which has the authority to alter curricular requirements, establish new degree programs, and approve candidates for degrees. Rice University possesses an endowment of $4.1 billion (as of 2011) Sony VAIO PCG-3A2L battery.
Rice's undergraduate students benefit from a centralized admissions process, which admits new students to the university as a whole, rather than a specific school (the schools of Music and Architecture are decentralized). Students are encouraged to select the major path that best suits their desires; a student can later decide that they would rather pursue study in another fieldSony VAIO PCG-3A1L battery, or continue their current coursework and add a second or third major. These transitions are designed to be simple at Rice, with students not required to decide on a specific major until their sophomore year of study.
Rice's academics are organized into six schools which offer courses of study at the graduate and undergraduate level, with two more being primarily focused on graduate education, while offering select opportunities for undergraduate studentsSony VAIO PCG-394L battery. Rice offers 360 degrees in over 60 departments. There are 40 undergraduate degree programs, 51 masters programs, and 29 doctoral programs.
Undergraduate tuition for the 2011-2012 school year is $34,900. $651 is charged for fees, and Rice projects an $800 budget for books and $1550 for personal expenses. Rice students are charged $12,270 for room and board. Per year, the total cost of a Rice University education is $50,171Sony VAIO PCG-393L battery.
Faculty members of each of the departments elect chairs to represent the department to each School's dean and the deans report to the Provost who serves as the chief officer for academic affairs.
Lovett Hall, formerly known as the Administration Building, was the first building on campus
Rice is a medium-sized, highly residential research university. Sony VAIO PCG-391L battery The majority of enrollments are in the full-time, four-year undergraduate program emphasizing arts & sciences and professions. There is a high graduate coexistence with the comprehensive graduate program and a very high level of research activity. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools as well as the professional accreditation agencies for engineering, management, and architectureSony VAIO PCG-384L battery.
Each of Rice's departments is organized into one of three distribution groups, and students whose major lies within the scope of one group must take at least 12 credit hours of approved distribution classes in each of the other two groups, as well as completing two physical education courses as part of the LPAP (Lifetime Physical Activity Program) requirementSony VAIO PCG-383L battery. For students who do not pass the university's writing test (administered during the summer before matriculation), a writing class, COMM 103, becomes a requirement.
The majority of Rice's undergraduate degree programs grant B.S. or B.A. degrees. Rice has recently begun to offer minors in areas such as business, energy and water sustainability, and global health. Sony VAIO PCG-382L battery
Rice enrolled 3,001 undergraduates, 897 post-graduate, and 1,247 doctoral students and awarded 1,448 degrees in 2007. Women make up 48% of the undergraduate body and 35% of the professional and post-graduate student body. 51% of undergraduates and 49% of post-graduates hail from Texas but the student body also represented all 50 states, the District of Columbia, two U.S. Territories, and 83 foreign countries. Sony VAIO PCG-381L battery
15,133 applications for undergraduate admission were received for the class of 2016 (Fall 2012), 2,230 were admitted (16%), and 942 enrolled. In the class of 2016, 82% of ranked freshmen graduated in the top 5% of their high school class, and the inter-quartile range for SAT was 650-750 for reading and 690-790 for math. 97% of freshmen re-enrolled the subsequent year and 77% of students graduate in 4 years and 90% graduate in 6 yearsSony VAIO PCG-7185L battery.
With tuition of $33,120 for the 2010-2011 school year, Rice awarded $55.8 million in financial aid and 2,139 (71.2%) of undergraduates received some sort of aid.
The Rice Honor Code plays a central role in academic affairs. All Rice exams are unproctored and professors give timed, closed-book exams that students take home and complete at their own convenience. Potential infractions are reported to the student Honor CouncilSony VAIO PCG-7184L battery, elected by popular vote. The penalty structure is established every year by Council consensus; typically, penalties have ranged from a letter of reprimand to an 'F' in the course and a two semester suspension. During Orientation Week, students must take and pass a test demonstrating that they understand the Honor System's requirements and sign a Matriculation PledgeSony VAIO PCG-7183L battery. On assignments, students affirm their commitment to the Honor Code by writing On my honor, I have neither given nor received any unauthorized aid on this (examination, quiz or paper).
Research centers and resources
Rice is noted for its pioneer applied science programs in the fields of nanotechnology, artificial heart research, structural chemical analysis, and space science, being ranked 1st in the world in materials science research by the Times Higher Education (THE) in 2010Sony VAIO PCG-7182L battery.
Richard E. Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology (Smalley Institute) - the nation's first nanotechnology center
Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) - promotes the discovery and development of nanomaterials that enable new medical and environmental technologies
Laboratory for Nanophotonics (LANP) - provides a resource for education and research breakthroughs and advances in the broad, multidisciplinary field of nanophotonicsSony VAIO PCG-7181L battery
Digital Signal Processing (DSP) - center for education and research in the field of digital signal processing
Rice Quantum Institute - organization dedicated to research and higher education in areas relating to quantum phenomena
Rice Space Institute -fosters programs in all areas of space research
Institute of Biosciences and Bioengineering (IBB) - facilitates the translation of interdisciplinary research and education in biosciences and bioengineeringSony VAIO PCG-7174L battery
Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology- dedicated to the advancement of applied interdisciplinary research in the areas of computation and information technology
Baker Institute for Public Policy - one of the leading nonpartisan public policy think-tanks in the country
Connexions - an open-content library of course materials developed by Rice University
Rice Alliance for Technology and Entrepreneurship - supports entrepreneurs and early-stage technology ventures in Houston and Texas through education, collaboration, and researchSony VAIO PCG-7173L battery
Mid-InfraRed Technologies for Health and the Environment (MIRTHE)
Rice Gallery- the only university art space in the country dedicated to site-specific installation
In 2011 Rice was ranked 17th among national universities by U.S. News & World Report. In 2011, USNWR ranked the Jones Graduate School of Management 34th and the Brown School of Engineering 34thSony VAIO PCG-7172L battery. In 2010, Rice was ranked 47th in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and 99th internationally (54th nationally) by the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Rice University was ranked 115th in 2011 by QS World University Rankings. Forbes Magazine ranked Rice University 25th nationally among both liberal arts colleges and universities in 2010Sony VAIO PCG-7171L battery. The Princeton Review ranked Rice 1st for "Best Quality of Life" and "Happiest Students" in its 2012 edition and one of the top 50 best value private colleges in its 2011 edition. Rice was ranked 25th among national universities by The Washington Monthly in 2010, and 41st among research universities by the Center for Measuring University Performance in 2007. Sony VAIO PCG-7162L battery In 2011, for the fourth year in a row, Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine has ranked Rice 4th for best value in private colleges. Consumer's Digest ranked Rice 3rd on the list of top 5 values in private colleges in its June 2011 issue. Fiske Guide to Colleges ranked Rice as one of the top 25 private "best buy" schools in its 2012 edition. In 2011 the Leiden Ranking, which measures the performance of 500 major research universities worldwide, using metrics designed to measure research impact ranked Rice 4th GloballySony VAIO PCG-7161L battery, for effectiveness and contribution of research.
A view along the inner loop, with three of the university service personnel's traditional golf carts in view (service personnel are colloquially referred to on campus as "gnomes," pronounced as "guh-no-mees")
Situated on nearly 300 acres (1.2 km2) in the heart of Houston’s Museum District and across the street from the city’s Hermann ParkSony VAIO PCG-7154L battery, Rice is a green and leafy refuge – an oasis of learning convenient to the amenities of the nation’s fourth-largest city. Rice's campus adjoins Hermann Park, the Texas Medical Center, and a neighborhood commercial center called Rice Village. Hermann Park includes the Houston Museum of Natural Science, the Houston Zoo, Miller Outdoor Theatre and an 18-hole municipal golf courseSony VAIO PCG-7153L battery. Reliant Park, home of Reliant Stadium and the Astrodome, is two miles (3 km) south of the campus. Among the dozen or so museums in the Museum District is the Rice University Art Gallery, open during the school year. Easy access to downtown's theater and nightlife district and to Reliant Park is provided by the Houston METRORail system, with a station adjacent to the campus's main gate. Sony VAIO PCG-7152L battery The campus recently joined the Zipcar program with two vehicles to increase the transportation options for students and staff that need that currently don't utilize a vehicle.
Main article: Residential Colleges of Rice University
In 1957, Rice University implemented a residential college system, as proposed by the university's first president, Edgar Odell Lovett. The system was inspired by existing systems in place at Cambridge and Oxford in England. The existing residences known as East, South, West, and Wiess Halls became Baker, Will Rice, Hanszen, and Wiess Colleges, respectivelySony VAIO PCG-7151L battery.
List of residential colleges
This is a list of residential colleges at Rice:
Baker College, named in honor of Captain James A. Baker, friend and attorney of William Marsh Rice, and first chair of the Rice Board of Governors.
Brown College, named for Margaret Root Brown by her in-laws, George R. Brown.
Duncan College, named for Charles Duncan, Jr., Secretary of Energy.
Hanszen College, named for Harry Clay Hanszen, benefactor to the university and chairman of the Rice Board of Governors from 1946-1950Sony VAIO PCG-7148L battery.
Jones College, named for Mary Gibbs Jones, wife of prominent Houston philanthropist Jesse Holman Jones.
Lovett College, named after the university's first president, Edgar Odell Lovett.
Martel College, named for Marian and Speros P. Martel, was built in 2002.
McMurtry College, named for Rice alumni Burt and Deedree McMurtry, Silicon Valley venture capitalistsSony VPCW21M2E/WI battery.
Will Rice College, named for William M. Rice, Jr., the nephew of the university's founder, William Marsh Rice.
Sid Richardson College, named for the Sid Richardson Foundation, which was established by Texas oilman, cattleman, and philanthropist Sid W. Richardson.
Wiess College, named for Harry Carothers Wiess (1887–1948), one of the founders and one-time president of Humble Oil, now ExxonMobilSony VPCW21C7E battery.
Although each college is composed of a full cross-section of students at Rice, they have over time developed their own traditions and "personalities". When students matriculate they are randomly assigned to one of the eleven colleges, although "legacy" exceptions are made for students whose siblings or other close relatives have attended RiceSony VPCW12S1E/WZ battery. Students generally remain members of the college that they are assigned to for the duration of their undergraduate careers, even if they move off-campus at any point. Students are guaranteed on-campus housing for freshman year and two of the next three years; each college has its own system for determining allocation of the remaining spaces, collectively known as "Room Jacking"Sony VPCW12S1E/W battery. Students develop strong loyalties to their college and maintain friendly rivalry with other colleges, especially during events such as Beer Bike Race and O-Week. Colleges keep their rivalries alive by performing "jacks," or pranks, on each other, especially during O-Week and Willy Week. During Matriculation, Commencement, and other formal academic ceremonies, the colleges process in the order in which they were establishedSony VPCW12S1E/T battery.
The Baker 13 is a tradition in which students run around campus wearing nothing but shoes and shaving cream at 10 p.m. on the 13th and the 31st of every month (the 26th on months with fewer than 31 days). The event, long sponsored by Baker College, usually attracts a small number of students, but on Halloween night and the first and last relevant days of the school year both attract large numbers of revelers. Sony VPCW12S1E/P battery
Beer Bike Race
According to the official website, http://rpc.rice.edu/beer-bike/: "Beer Bike is a combination intramural bicycle race and drinking competition dating back to 1957. Ten riders and ten chuggers make up a team. Elaborate rules include details such as a prohibition of "bulky or wet clothing articles designed to absorb beer/water or prevent spilled beer/water from being seen" and regulations for chug can designSony VPCW11S1E/W battery. Each residential college as well as the Graduate Student Association participates with a men's team, a women's team, and alumni (co-ed) team. Each leg of the race is a relay in which a team's "chugger" must chug 24 US fluid ounces (710 ml) of beer or water for the men's division and 12 US fluid ounces (350 ml) for women before the team's "rider" may begin to ride.Sony VPCW11S1E/T battery Participants who both ride and chug are referred to as "Ironmen". Willy Week is a term coined in the 1990s to refer to the week preceding Beer-Bike, a time of general energy and excitement on campus. Jacks (pranks) are especially common during Willy Week; some examples in the past include removing showerheads and encasing the Hanszen guardian." Sony VPCW11S1E/P batteryThe morning of the Beer Bike race itself begins with what is by some estimations the largest annual water balloon fight in the world. Beer-Bike is Rice's most prominent student event, and for younger alumni it serves as an unofficial reunion weekend on par with Homecoming. The 2009 Beer Bike race was dedicated to the memory of Dr. Bill Wilson, a popular professor and long-time resident associate who died earlier that yearSony VPCYA1S1E/B battery.
A number of on-campus institutions form an integral part of student life at Rice. Many of these organizations have been operating for several decades.
Rice Coffeehouse finds its beginnings in Hanszen College, where students would serve coffee in the Weenie Loft - a study room in the old section's fourth floor. Later, the coffee house moved to the Hanszen basement to accommodate more student patronsSony VPCYA1V9E/B battery. That coffeehouse became known as Breadsticks and Pomegranates. Due to flooding, an unfortunate effect of 1) its location in the basement and 2) the Houston climate, this coffee house closed. Demand for an on-campus Coffeehouse grew and in 1990, the Rice Coffeehouse was foundedSony VPCY21S1E/SI battery.
The Rice Coffeehouse is a not-for-profit student-run organization serving Rice University and the greater Houston community. Over the past few years, it has introduced fair-trade and organic coffee and loose-leaf teas.
Coffeehouse baristas are referred to as K.O.C.'s, or Keepers of the Coffee. Rice Coffeehouse has also adopted an unofficial mascot, the squirrel, which can be found on t-shirts, mugs, and bumper stickers stuck on laptops across campusSony VPCY21S1E/L battery. The logo pays tribute to Rice's unusually plump and frighteningly tame squirrel population.
Valhalla is a non-profit graduate student pub located under Keck Hall which serves as the social nexus for graduate student life at Rice. It provides the graduate student community and the Rice community as a whole with a family-friendly place to unwind and relax after a long work day, and a comfortable place for graduate students to relax and relate on the woes of graduate researchSony VPCY21S1E/G battery. Additionally, Valhalla plays a pivotal role in many campus traditions including the Baker 13 and Beer Bike.
It was founded in 1970, but did not get an alcohol license until 1971. The management and all shifts are staffed by graduate students, faculty, staff, and other volunteers, which helps keep prices affordable for the target graduate student clientele. The pub's patrons have expanded beyond graduate students and other members of the local community in recent yearsSony VPCY11S1E/S battery, and the pub has become a regular on the annual "Best of Houston" published by the Houston Press, being named the "Best Place to Meet Single Women" in 2004 due to the frequency of intelligent conversation and smart, single women.
Willy's Pub is Rice's undergraduate pub run by students located in the basement of the Rice Memorial Center. It opened on April 11, 1975Sony VPCY11S1E battery, with Rice President Norman Hackerman pouring the first beer. The name was chosen by students in tribute to the university's founder, William Marsh Rice. After the drinking age in Texas was raised in 1986, the pub entered a period of financial difficulties and in April 1995, was destroyed in a fire. The space was gutted but renovated and remains open. Sony VPCZ11X9E/B battery
Rice has a weekly student newspaper (The Rice Thresher), college radio station (Rice Radio), and campus-wide student television station (RTV5). All three are based out of the RMC student center. In addition, Rice hosts several student magazines dedicated to a range of different topics; in fact, the spring semester of 2008 saw the birth of two such magazines, a literary sex journal called Open and an undergraduate science research magazine entitled CatalystSony VPCZ11Z9E/B battery.
The Rice Thresher is published every Friday and is ranked by Princeton Review as one of the top campus newspapers nationally for student readership. It is distributed around campus, and at a few other local businesses and has a website on the College Publisher network. The Thresher has a small, dedicated staff and is known for its coverage of campus newsSony VPCZ12M9E/B battery, open submission opinion page, and the satirical Backpage, which has often been the center of controversy. The newspaper has won several awards at Associated Collegiate Press conferences.
Rice Radio is the student-run radio station. Though most DJs are Rice students, anyone is allowed to apply. It is known for playing genres and artists of music and sound unavailable on other radio stations in Houston, and oftenSony VPCZ12X9E/X battery, the US. The station takes requests over the phone or online. In 2000 and 2006, Rice Radio won Houston Press' Best Radio Station in Houston. In 2003, Rice alum and active Rice Radio DJ DL's hip-hip show won Houston Press' Best Hip-hop Radio Show. On August 17, 2010, it was announced that Rice University had been in negotiations to sell the station's broadcast towerSony VPCZ12Z9E/X battery, FM frequency and license to the University of Houston System to become a full-time classical music and fine arts programming station. The new station, KUHA, would be operated as a not-for-profit outlet with listener supporters. The FCC approved the sale and granted the transfer of license to the University of Houston System on April 15, 2011. Sony VPCZ138GA battery
RTV5 is a student run television network available as channel 5 on campus. RTV5 was created initially as Rice Broadcast Television in 1997; RBT began to broadcast the following year in 1998, and aired its first live show across campus in 1999. It experienced much growth and exposure over the years with successful programs like "Drinking with Phil," a weekly news show, and extensive live coverage in December 2000 of the shut down of Rice Radio by the administrationSony VPCZ13M9E/B battery. In spring 2001, the Rice undergraduate community voted in the general elections to support RBT as a blanket tax organization, effectively providing a yearly income of $10,000 to purchase new equipment and provide the campus with a variety of new programming. In the spring of 2005, RBT members decided the station needed a new image and a new nameSony VPCZ13M9E/X battery: Rice Television 5. The station has recently set about revitalizing its staff roster and campus image; one of RTV5's most popular shows is the 24 hour show, where a camera and couch placed in the RMC stay on air for 24 hours. One such show is held in fall and another in spring, usually during a weekend allocated for visits by prospective students. RTV5 has a video on demand site at rtv5.rice.edu. Sony VPCZ13V9E battery
The Rice Review, also known as R2, is a yearly student-run literary journal at Rice University that publishes prose, poetry, and creative nonfiction written by undergraduate students, as well as interviews. The journal was founded in 2004 by creative writing professor and author Justin Cronin. Sony VPCZ13V9E/X battery
The Rice Standard is an independent, student-run variety magazine modeled after such publications as The New Yorker and Harper's. Prior to fall 2009, it was regularly published three times a semester with a wide array of content, running from analyses of current events and philosophical pieces to personal essays, short fiction and poetrySony VPCZ13Z9E/X battery. In August 2009, the Standard transitioned to a completely online format with the launch of their redesigned website, ricestandard.org. The first website of its kind on Rice's campus, the Standard now features blog-style content written by and for Rice students. The Rice Standard has around 20 regular contributors, and the site features new content every day (including holidays) Sony VPCZ21M9E battery.
Open, a magazine dedicated to "literary sex content," predictably caused a stir on campus with its initial publication in spring 2008. A mixture of essays, editorials, stories and artistic photography brought Open attention both on campus and in the Houston Chronicle. The third annual edition of Open was released in spring of 2010Sony VPCZ21Q9E battery.
Rice participates in NCAA Division I athletics and is part of Conference USA. Rice was a member of the Western Athletic Conference before joining Conference USA in 2005. Rice is the second-smallest school, measured by undergraduate enrollment, competing in NCAA Division I FBS football, only slightly ahead of TulsaSony VPCZ21V9E battery.
The Rice baseball team won the 2003 College World Series, defeating Stanford, giving Rice its only national championship in a team sport. The victory made Rice University the smallest school in 51 years to win a national championship at the highest collegiate level of the sport. The Rice baseball team has played on campus at Reckling Park since the 2000 seasonSony VPCEH3T9E battery. As of 2010, the baseball team has won 14 consecutive conference championships in three different conferences: the final championship of the defunct Southwest Conference, all nine championships while a member of the Western Athletic Conference, and five more championships in its first five years as a member of Conference USASony VPCEH3N6E battery. Additionally, Rice's baseball team has finished third in both the 2006 and 2007 College World Series tournaments. Rice now has made six trips to Omaha for the CWS. In 2004, Rice became the first school ever to have three players selected in the first eight picks of the MLB draft when Philip Humber, Jeff Niemann, and Wade Townsend were selected third, fourth, and eighth, respectively. In 2007, Joe Savery was selected as the 19th overall pickSony VPCEH3N1E battery.
The Owls in a game against the Texas Longhorns
In 2006, the football team qualified for its first bowl game since 1961, ending the second-longest bowl drought in the country at the time. On December 22, 2006, Rice played in the New Orleans Bowl in New Orleans, Louisiana against the Sun Belt Conference champion, Troy. The Owls lost 41-17. The bowl appearance came after Rice had a 14-game losing streak from 2004–05 and went 1-10 in 2005Sony VPCEH3D0E battery. The streak followed an internally authorized 2003 McKinsey report that stated football alone was responsible for a $4 million deficit in 2002. Tensions remain high between the athletic department and faculty, as a few professors who chose to voice their opinion were in favor of abandoning the football program. Hired in January 2006, new head coach Todd Graham sparked the "Rice Renaissance," Sony VPCEH3B1E battery the revival of the Owl football program. David Bailiff replaced Graham and inherits a team poised to continue the success enjoyed in 2006. Sophomore wide receiver Jarett Dillard set an NCAA record in 2006 by catching a touchdown pass in 13 consecutive games and took a 15-game overall streak into the 2007 season. Rice Stadium also serves as the performance venue for the university's Marching Owl Band, or "MOB." Sony VPCEH2Z1E battery Despite its name, the MOB is a scatter band that focuses on performing humorous skits and routines rather than traditional formation marching.
In 2008, the football team posted a 9-3 regular season, capping off the year with a 38-14 victory over Western Michigan University in the Texas Bowl. The win over Western Michigan marked the Owls' first bowl win in 45 years.
Rice Owls men's basketball won 10 conference titles in the former Southwest Conference (1918, 1935*, 1940, 1942*, 1943*, 1944*, 1945, 1949*, 1954*, 1970Sony VPCEH2S9E battery; * denotes shared title). Most recently, guard Morris Almond was drafted in the first round of the 2007 NBA Draft by the Utah Jazz. Rice recently named former Cal Bears head coach Ben Braun as head basketball coach to succeed Willis Wilson, fired after Rice finished the 2007-2008 season with a winless (0-16) conference record and overall record of 3-27Sony VPCEH2Q1E battery.
Rice has been very successful in women's sports in recent years. In 2004-05, Rice sent its women's volleyball, soccer, and basketball teams to their respective NCAA tournaments. In 2005-06, the women's soccer, basketball, and tennis teams advanced, with five individuals competing in track and field. In 2006-07, the Rice women's basketball team made the NCAA tournament, while again five Rice track and field athletes received individual NCAA berthsSony VPCEH2P0E battery. In 2008, the women's volleyball team again made the NCAA tournament. In 2011 the Women's Swim team won their first conference championship in the history of the university. This was an impressive feat considering they won without having a diving team.
Rice's mascot is Sammy the Owl. In previous decades, the university kept several live owls on campus in front of Lovett College, but this practice has been discontinued, due to public pressure over the welfare of the owlsSony VPCEH2N1E battery.
Rice also has a 12-member coed cheerleading squad and an all-female dance team, both of which perform at football and basketball games throughout the year.
Alumni, faculty and presidents
Main article: List of Rice University people
As of 2011, Rice has graduated 98 classes of students consisting of 51,961 living alumni. Over 100 students at Rice have been Fulbright Scholars, 20 Marshall Scholars, 25 Mellon Fellows, 12 Rhodes Scholars, 6 Udall Scholars, and 65 Watson Fellows, among several other honors and awardsSony VPCEH2M9E battery.
Rice's distinguished faculty consists of 1 Nobel laureate, 1 Pulitzer Prize award winner, 6 Fulbright Scholars, 29 Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Recipients, 8 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1 member of the American Philosophical Society, 35 Guggenheim Fellowships, 17 members of the National Academy of Engineering, 7 members of the National Academy of Sciences, 5 fellows of the National Humanities Center, and 86 fellows of the National Science FoundationSony VPCEH2M1E battery.
Alumni of Rice have occupied top positions in business, including George R. Brown, Thomas H. Cruikshank, the former CEO of Halliburton, John Doerr, billionaire and venture capitalist who provided original investments in Google, Amazon.com, Compaq, Netscape, and Sun Microsystems, Howard Hughes, and Fred C. KochSony VPCEH2L9E battery.
In government and politics, Rice alumni include Alberto Gonzales, former Attorney General, Charles Duncan, former Secretary of Energy, William P. Hobby, Jr., John Kline, and Annise Parker, incumbent Mayor of Houston.
Many Rice alumni have gone on to successful careers in the humanities such as Larry McMurtry, Pulitzer Prize-winning author and Oscar winning writer of Brokeback Mountain screenplay, and Candace Bushnell, author of Sex and the City, who attended for three semestersSony VPCEH2J1E battery.
In science and technology, Rice alumni include 14 NASA astronauts, Robert Curl, Nobel Prize winning discoverer of fullerene, and Robert Woodrow Wilson.
Rice athletes include Lance Berkman, Bubba Crosby, Harold Solomon, Frank Ryan, Tommy Kramer, Jose Cruz, Jr., as well as three OlympiansSony VPCEH2H1E battery.